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Science, Technology and Innovation Data Hashemite Kingdom of Jordan

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Presentation on theme: "Science, Technology and Innovation Data Hashemite Kingdom of Jordan"— Presentation transcript:

1 Science, Technology and Innovation Data Hashemite Kingdom of Jordan
Omar Amawi Higher Council for Science and Technology Mohammad Al-Alami Khalid Alzetawi Department of Statistics

2 Background The Higher Council for Science and Technology (HCST) was established in 1987 as an independent public institution, acting as a national umbrella for all scientific and technological activities in Jordan “S&T policies” The Department of Statistics (DoS) was established in the late 1949 with the following mission: “To produce and disseminate timely and high-quality statistical data that meet the users' various and changing needs with a view to contributing to the comprehensive development process in Jordan.

3 STI Statistics in Jordan
Who is Responsible? - Higher Council for Science and Technology - Ministry of Higher Education - Department of Statistics STI Statistics covered partially

4 STI Statistics in Jordan
Type of Data? Human resources indicators: Number of researchers Number of researchers by discipline Number of full time equivalent (FTE) researchers Financial Resources: GDP, Gross domestic expenditures on R&D, Public expenditures on R&D (% of GDP), Business expenditures on R&D (% of GDP)

5 STI Statistics in Jordan
Type of Data? Infrastructure indicators: Number of research centers and their distribution by field Number of laboratories and research units Distribution of laboratories and research units by discipline Number of laboratories and research units by region Business incubators Technological indicators: New science and engineering graduates National and International Patents

6 STI Statistics in Jordan
Constraints? ► Systemic Governance; Coordination; Cultural ► Technical Scarcity of meetings and workshops dealing with S&T indicators; ► Financial

7 HCST previous STI surveys: 1986, 1997, 2003 and 2010.
Survey was carried out to all enterprises that do scientific research or technology or development or training. In 2003 covered all the enterprises with 5 or more workers. In 2010 all the enterprise with 20 or more workers. The Survey covered Business Enterprise , Private non-profit. The survey including Business Enterprise sector including the target of industry, services, ISIC classification (economic activity)

8 R&D Statistics at HCST HCST is currently conducting a national scientific, technological and innovation needs and potential study/ Survey that includes two phases: Phases I: Ongoing and will end by the end of this year 2010. “Study the scientific, technological and innovation needs”. Phase II: Will start the beginning of the next year “Study of scientific, technological and innovation potential”.

9 Frame of the Survey The frame of the survey was set using Social Security Department records. All enterprises that have 20 or more workers were included in the survey, representing the following sectors: Business enterprise sector Government sector Higher education sector Private non-profit sector

10 Importance and Rationale of the survey
System of science and technology and its role in economic development. Identify national priorities in science and technology. Identify needs and potential of national science and technology is an important issue for policy development and strategic planning. Development of scientific and technological potential for the purposes of discovery, invention, innovation, creativity and investment.

11 Some Objectives of the study
Phase I “STI needs Survey” (Demand side) Some Objectives of the study Identify the institutions that are of scientific and technological activities. Identify the needs of institutions of qualifications and scientific disciplines Identify the needs of national institutions specialized training Identify the needs of institutions of basic and applied research and technological development. Identify the needs of the institutions of scientific and technological services. Identify constraints on investment and financing problems.

12 Some results of Phase I:
Classification of national institutions by economic activity, ownership and geographical distribution and year of direct work ... etc..  The contribution of institutions in national exports. Institutions with scientific and technological activities:     R & D (basic, applied, technological development).     Education and training.     Scientific and technological

13 Phase II “STI Potential Survey” (Supply side)
Study Frame Institutions with science and technology activities are identified during the first phase of the scientific requirements and technological capabilities Study Method Field survey to collect data and information from the scientific and technological units

14 Questionnaires of Phase II Include :
Questionnaire No. (2): " scientific and technological units,“ including scientific and technological activities, personnel, expenditure and sources of fund, spending on S & T activities, specialized equipment used, and information resources. Questionnaire No. (3): "Scientific and Technological Projects", including areas of S&T projects and main objectives, method of implementation, stages reached, workers, and sources of fund.

15 Questionnaire No. (4)“Scientists and Engineers" including identification information for scientists and engineers and scientific specializations, S&T activities, scientific outcome and patents, if any. Questionnaire No. (5): “Graduate students" (working on a thesis/ Dissertation), include demographic characteristics, level of scientific thesis and areas of specialization

16 Indicator 1986 1996 2003 # of units performing S&T activities 196 524 835 # of workers on S&T activities 4389 18364 42151 # of Scientists and Engineers working on S&T activities (FTE) 418 1593 1464 Expenditure on S&T activities (Million JD) 72 107 497 Expenditure on R&D activities (Million JD) 6 18 23 Expenditure on Education & Training (Million JD) 40 67 106 Expenditure on S&T Services (Million JD) 27 368 Expenditure on S&T activities (% of GDP) 3.8 2.4 7.3 Expenditure on R&D activities (% of GDP) 0.29 0.38 0.34 Private sector Expenditure on S&T activities (%) - 63 58 Private sector Expenditure on R&D activities (%) 36 # of Scientists and Engineers working on S&T activities (FTE)/ 1000 1.6 3.6 2.7

17 Jordan STI Observatory (JoSTIO) Recently established In August 2010 Higher Council for Science and Technology Jordan Science, Technology and Innovation Observatory Assistance from ESCWA

18 The main objectives of JoSTIO - Increase national efforts in science, technology and innovation. - Produce studies on relevant aspects of interest to innovation system actors. - Contribute to development of national statistical information system in science and technology and strengthening of its producers and users through technical assistance and training. - Promote methodological knowledge in the production of science , technology and innovation indicators and their use in producing strategic and forecasting studies and analyses . - Maintain relationships and cooperation with international agencies Jordan Priorities for STI Statistics

19 Thank you

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