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Presentation on theme: "HPD 4C WORKING WITH SCHOOL AGE CHILDREN AND ADOLESCENTS MRS. FILINOV Social and Emotional Development in Children."— Presentation transcript:


2 First month: Second month: is alert 1 out of every 10 hours enjoys eye contact smiles at faces recognizes parent’s voices begins to trust caregiver cries if under or over stimulated persistent crying can start at about 2 to 3 weeks responsive smiling communicates moods enjoys visual stimulation studies faces your baby’s personality becomes more obvious cries to have needs met persistent crying usually peaks in the second month The First Six Months

3 Third month: Fourth month: makes eye contact smiles at faces and may laugh out loud knows difference between parents and strangers stops crying when you come into the room persistent crying usually stops in month 3 or 4 laughs hard when tickled greets caregiver starts social gestures may move arms to signal “pick me up” enjoys social interaction

4 Fifth month: Sixth month: turns head toward speaker watches your mouth movements shows interest in colours pushes away disliked actions mimics facial expressions exhibits moods with varied sounds and body movements may be shy or afraid of strangers responds to her or his name raises arms to signal she or he wants to be picked up likes own reflection

5 Activities for Healthy Development: 1 to 6 months Have skin ‑ to ‑ skin contact with newborns. Always respond to crying within 1 or 2 minutes. Look into your baby’s eyes; you will fall in love. Talk to your baby soothingly. Don’t feel rejected if your baby turns away from you – young babies get tired easily. Plan daily quiet times with your baby. Don’t jiggle crying babies – use slow, gentle motions. Don’t over stimulate your baby. Copy your baby’s movements and sounds. Rock and cuddle your baby. Do finger and toe playing.

6 Social Skills: Emotional Development: be learning to finger feed drink from a cup imitate others actions say "mama" "dada" indicate needs using gestures understand simple commands play along side another child be very curious about their environment start to have mood swings and temper tantrums object when can not have their own way loving but tend to be self centered in their view of the world show separation anxiety when caregiver leaves Ages 6 ‑ 12 Months

7 How You Can Help Social and Emotional Development 6 – 12 months Respond to your toddler’s calls or signals for help and attention (whenever you can) to build trust. Create and follow regular routines. Offer choices you are comfortable with. For example, “Do you want this cup or that cup?” Model good manners: use “please” and “thank you.” Play face ‑ to ‑ face games, such as peekaboo or making faces together. Talk about what happens next in routines or upcoming events. Provide safe places for your toddler to explore. Continue to breastfeed. Smile at your toddler. Cuddle your toddler. Comfort your toddler, especially when she or he is upset, sick, or hurt. Create routines and structure in your toddler’s day. Turn everyday routines into playful moments. Talk about your toddler’s emotions: “I see you are feeling sad/happy/frustrated.” Ask your toddler for hugs and kisses. Provide your toddler with chances to play with other children and to be around people.

8 What Your Toddler Is Likely to Do Other Things Your Toddler May Do Show affection openly, for example, by hugging and kissing. Use social language, such as “please,” “thank you,” and “bye ‑ bye.” Play with others and take turns more easily. Play make ‑ believe games and create imaginary characters. Be upset with major changes in routines. Know and respond to other people’s feelings. Become more comfortable with new people. Want to do things by her ‑ or himself, but may fear new experiences. Want approval and need praise. Copy adult behaviours, such as shopping, banking, parenting, breastfeeding, or cooking. Create an imaginary friend to talk to. Be more comfortable around new adults. Help other children to do things. Develop skills such as taking turns, sharing, and using words instead of fighting. Explain his or her feelings when asked about them. Understand the feelings of other children and talk about them. Stamp feet when frustrated. Ask you to tell certain stories to help deal with her or his fears. Ages 30 ‑ 36 Months

9 How You Can Help Social and Emotional Development Introduce your toddler to familiar neighbours and community workers. Show affection with hugs and loving words. Praise good behaviour. Instead of saying “good girl,” or “good boy,” say, “Sharing your teddy with Kim was very kind.” Provide chances to play with other children. Encourage your toddler to wash, dress, and feed plastic dolls to teach caring for others. Encourage imaginary play. Join in with questions: “Is the tea ready?” Make sure you are nearby to help your toddler solve problems when playing with other children. Make sure a trusted adult is close by when children are playing. Continue to breastfeed. Praise your toddler’s new skills and when she or he does something without help. Accept your toddler’s feelings and talk about them. Give and use words for feelings: “disappointed,” “hurt,” “thrilled,” “excited.” Talk very simply about your own feelings as examples. Listen to and understand your toddler’s fears. Sing songs and read stories about emotions. Talk about the feelings of a story’s characters and why the characters might feel that way.

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