5 Satrapy System Twenty total Directly connected to royal family DecentralizedCollect and send tribute
6 Successes Royal roads Postal service Codifying of laws Incorporation of local laws into justice systemRoyal judgesRelatively peacefulGovernment supplied food for workersBuilding of Persepolis as a cultural centreSusa (Elam) established as Admin. centre
7 Issues Royal tribute hoarding Leads to a economic collapse across much of Empire by 4th BCEMedians pushed out of power positionsKing as aloof; people as “my slaves”Strong connection of practices to MesopotamiaHigh cost of King’s entourageHuge tracks of land owned by king
8 Based on the successes and issues of Darius’ rule and the negative attitude of the Greeks towards the Persians, why don’t we see more revolts taking place across the Empire?
10 Development and Interaction of Cultures ReligionZoroastrianismMandate from HeavenPhilosophiesWater, fire, earthPolytheism
11 Persian culture under Darius I borrows heavily from conquered peoples Persian culture under Darius I borrows heavily from conquered peoples. To what extent is this true in regard to religion?It is said that Zorastriaism had a profound influence on Judaism and Christianity. Explain this connection.
12 Greeks Resource poor – needed trade Ecological zone – migration Isolated polisPhoenicians (800 BCE) = new ideas (alphabet)Rising population – urban centers
14 Compare and contrast Greek and Persian civilizations politically Compare and contrast Greek and Persian civilizations politically. (What was necessary for each system to succeed?)
15 Culture (Beliefs) Anthropomorphic gods Public sacrifice Family IndividualPre – Socratic philosophersLogographersHerodotus (485 – 425 BCE)
16 What social and intellectual factors contributed to the evolution of the heightened importance of the individual?Make a case for one of the following statements:Herodotus was the first real historian.Herodotus was NOT the first real historian.
17 Sparta 7th c. BCE No colonists – invasion of Messenia Helots Military preparednessTime warpPeloponnesian League
18 Athens Big territory, population 594 BCE – Solon: wealth linked to democracy – expanded460s – 450s – Pericles: Assembly, Council of 500, People’s Courts
19 Why were the two polis of Sparta and Athens so different from one another? What accounted for those differences?Can a case be made that ancient Sparta was just as democratic as ancient Athens in the 7th – 5th centuries BCE? Why or why not?