The Plants of the coral reef are plant plankton, called phytoplankton and algae.
The coral provides shelter for many animals in this habitat, including sponges, nudibranchs, fish, jellyfish, anemones, sea stars, crustaceans, turtles, sea snakes, snails, and mollusks.
⁰ Coral reef biomes must exist in shallow water because they must remain between 70 to 85°F. Shallow water is easier to keep warm by the Sun than deeper water.
The Great Barrier Reef is the largest coral reef biome and is located in Australia. It can actually be seen from outer space. The diversity of the species living within different coral reefs depends on the reefs' latitude and the direction of the water.