Presentation on theme: "Gustavo Caruso Section Head Regulatory Activities Section"— Presentation transcript:
1 STRENGTHENING THE REGULATORY FRAMEWORK FOR COUNTRIES EMBARKING NUCLEAR POWER Gustavo CarusoSection HeadRegulatory Activities SectionDepartment of Nuclear Safety and SecurityAgenda has two parts,Process we have followed to arrive hereProposed structureYou have received our proposal, but I’ll go through it briefly. We will take note of your comments and make necessary changes before submitting to CSS in Nov
4 Strong Nuclear Safety Infrastructure Needs Emerging optimistic and ambitious plans for the development of nuclear energyDifferent situations require customized approachesCountries with optimistic plans for the futureCountries with realistic near term plans to enter nuclearCountries expanding their fleetCountries extending plant life or decommissioningNeeds are different, but the prevention of accidents must be a priority for all
5 A Changing World and Challenges to the International Nuclear Community GlobalizationSustainable and dynamic developmentSecure, safe and clean energy supplyNuclear “Renaissance” (vita nova)Non-proliferationPublic concern for nuclear safetyNuclear securityTechnology and management innovationPicture is of Kaiga Nuclear Power Station
6 Safety Conventions and Codes Convention on Early Notification of a Nuclear AccidentConvention on Assistance in the Case of a Nuclear Accident or Radiological EmergencyConvention on Nuclear SafetyJoint Convention on the Safety of Spent Fuel Management and on the Safety of Radioactive Waste ManagementCode of Conduct on the Safety and Security of Radioactive SourcesCode of Conduct on the Safety of Research ReactorsConventions and Codes of Conduct have been elaborated with high political commitmentIAEA Safety Standards are increasingly complementing international instrumentsGlobal Safety and Security Regime offers both legally binding and non-legally binding institutional frameworks supported by networks of expertsGlobal community of experts continue to develop new knowledge, share experience and support creation of international consensusIAEA Safety Standards are increasinglycomplementing international instruments
7 Convention on Nuclear Safety 4th CNS Review MeetingConvention on Nuclear SafetyNuclear Power Plants Only61 Contracting PartiesTriennial MeetingNational ReportsPeers PressureTransparency
8 Global conclusions and observations (con’t) 4th CNS Review MeetingGlobal conclusions and observations (con’t)For new NPPsNecessity to establish the safety infrastructure well in advanceCountries starting a nuclear programme should join CNSRelevant experience with IRRS missionsReferences to safety standards
10 IAEA Safety Standards and Services IAEA has statutory obligation to develop international standards of safetyArticle III.A.6 of Statutes:To establish or adopt standards of safety for the protection of health and minimization of danger to life and propertyTo provide for the application of these standards
11 IAEA Nuclear Safety Activities Establishment and Revision of Nuclear Safety StandardsFundamentals, Safety Requirements and Safety GuidesSafety Standards Application and FeedbackAdvisory and Review ServicesTraining Courses and WorkshopsSharing Experience and Knowledge through NetworkingSupport for Implementation of Conventions, Codes of Conduct and for Improvement of the Global Nuclear Safety Regime
12 Global Nuclear Safety Regime International Legal InstrumentsConventions and Codes of ConductIAEA Safety StandardsIAEA Safety Reviews and ServicesGlobal Knowledge NetworkGlobal Experts’ CommunityNational and RegionalNuclear InfrastructureRegulationEnforcementOperationResearch & Education
13 Strong Nuclear Safety Infrastructure Needs Developing a NP programme means 10 to 15 y planning and development before operation and a “100 y commitment”Three Major PhasesConsideration before decisionPreparatory work for the constructionActivities to implement a first NPP“Considerations to Launch a Nuclear Power Programme”At the same time the NPP commitment is done, a commitment to nuclear safety culture is needed.During the entire “century” safety infrastructure is needed, i.e. not an issue only for “new nuclear countries”“Nuclear Safety Infrastructure for a National PowerProgramme” INSAG-22 –NEW-
14 NUCLEAR SAFETY STANDARDS Structure of Safety and Security DocumentsNUCLEAR SAFETY STANDARDSSafety FundamentalsNUCLEAR SECURITY SERIESSafety RequirementsSecurity FundamentalsRecommendationsSafety GuidesImplementing GuidesEarly stage of developmentMature stage through transparentdevelopment processGlobal reference for high level of nuclear safety and security
15 Structure of Safety Standards Legal and governmental infrastructureEmergency preparedness and responseManagement systemsAssessment and verificationSite evaluationRadiation protectionRadioactive waste managementDecommissioningRemediation of contaminated areasThematic standardsNuclear power plants: designRadiation related facilities and activitiesResearch reactorsFuel cycle facilitiesWaste treatment and disposal facilitiesFacilities specific standardsSafety FundamentalsNuclear power plants: operationNote: Each area has one Safety Requirement exceptfor the area of Radiation related facilities and activities.G = Safety Guide(s)(5 G)(2 G)(3 G)(7 G)(1 G)(6 G)(10 G)(17 G)(15 G)(9 G)This represent the requirements, below are the guides
16 Safety FundamentalsGlobal reference point for the high level of safety required for use of nuclear energy and technologyTen principles:1. the prime responsibility for safety must rest with the operator and the user2. an effective legal and governmental framework for safety, and a competent, independent nuclear safety regulatory body with sufficient authority to ensure compliance…..
17 GOVERNAMENTAL AND REGULATORY FRAMEWORK FOR SAFETY Safety RequirementsGOVERNAMENTAL AND REGULATORY FRAMEWORK FOR SAFETY
18 BACKGROUNDPublished in Currently under revision. “GOVERNAMENTAL AND REGULATOTY FRAMEWORK FOR SAFETY” new First draft approved by all Committees All MS comments received. High level consultancy
19 Licensing process for Nuclear installations New Safety Guides (on going):Licensing process for Nuclear installations
20 Stages of the Licensing Process Site evaluation“whole life cycle”DesignConstructionCommissioningOperationsDecommissioningRelease
21 Establishing a National Nuclear Installations Safety Infrastructure New Safety Guides (on going):Establishing a National Nuclear Installations Safety Infrastructure
22 Safety Guide: Establishing a National Nuclear Installations Safety Infrastructure “Road-map” to apply the entire suite of IAEA SS progressively at early phases of the implementation of a nuclear power programme.Major three elements:Institutional Safety ElementsOrganizational Safety ElementsTechnical Safety Elements
24 Establishment of Regulatory Framework GOVERNMENTAL RESPONSIBILITIES FOR SAFETY andSTRATEGIC DECISION OF GOVERNMENTNational Policy and StrategyEstablishment of a National FrameworkEstablishment of an Independent Regulatory BodyResponsibility for SafetyCompetence in Safety
25 Establishment of Regulatory Framework INTERACTION WITH THE GLOBAL SAFETY REGIMEInternational arrangements for cooperationLegally Binding International Instruments – ConventionsInternational Safety StandardsMultinational and Bilateral Arrangements for CooperationInternational Peer ReviewsExchange of Operating and Regulatory ExperienceNational and InternationalLessons learned application
26 Establishment of Regulatory Framework REGULATORY BODY - GENERAL REQUIREMENTSOrganizational Structure and Allocation of ResourcesEffective IndependenceCoordination of Regulatory ResponsibilitiesManagement SystemStaffing and Competence of the Regulatory BodyAdvisory Bodies and Support OrganisationsRelations between the Regulatory Body and the LicenseeRelations Regulatory Body and Interested PartiesRegulatory Stability
27 Establishment of Regulatory Framework FUNCTIONS OF THE REGULATORY BODYAuthorization/LicensingReview and AssessmentInspectionEnforcementRegulations and GuidesInformation and Public CommunicationGS-R-1
28 REGULATORY INDEPENDENCE: The government shall, through its national legal system, establish and maintain a regulatory body whose task is to regulate facilities and activities for achievement of safety.The government shall ensure that the regulatory body is effectively independent in its safety related decision making and possesses an adequate measure of functional separation from entities having interests or responsibilities that could unduly influence regulatory decision making.The government shall ensure that the regulatory body is given the legal authority, competence and resources necessary to fulfil its statutory obligation to regulate facilities and activities.GS-R-1
30 Integrated Regulatory Review Service MAIN SERVICES : “IRRS”Integrated Regulatory Review ServiceTop level Regulatory Review Service dedicated to Governmental and Regulatory Framework for Safety (including regulatory policy aspects)Modular service, adjusted to country’s request
32 IAEA Assistance on Regulatory Framework Strengthening national regulatory infrastructuresAssisting MS on specific regulatory issuesPerforming Integrated Regulatory Review Services (IRRS)Reviewing and Issuing Safety Standards in the Regulatory Area
33 Strengthening Regulatory Capabilities for Countries Embarking on Nuclear Power Regulatory framework including development of nuclear legislation and the regulatory body;Regulatory approach;Enhancement of regulatory functions (development of regulations and guides, inspection, enforcement, review and assessment, etc.);Development of a comprehensive licensing process;Regulatory practices, including the establishment and promotion of international regulatory networks;Self-sustainability, including self-assessment
34 Safety Infrastructure for New NPP Countries Workshop: The Role and Responsibilities of Vendor Countries and Countries Embarking on Nuclear Power to Ensure Long-term Safety, IAEA, 1- 3 July, 2008To review relevant experiences, to identify and disseminate good practices and lessons learned regarding assistance, support and training provided by vendor countries for countries embarking on nuclear power programs.
35 CHINA (Buyer) & FRANCE (Vendor) Role and Responsibilities of Vendor Countries and Countries Embarking on Nuclear Power to Ensure Long-term SafetyCHINA (Buyer) & FRANCE (Vendor)PAKISTAN (Buyer) & CHINA (Vendor)FINLAND, IRAN (Buyer) & RUSSIA (Vendor)MEXICO (Buyer), SPAIN (Buyer) & USA (Vendor)ROMANIA (Buyer) & CANADA (Vendor)INSAG and IAEA (NS, NE and OLA) presentations
36 Role and Responsibilities of Vendor Countries and Countries Embarking on Nuclear Power to Ensure Long-term SafetyNuclear safety is a national responsibilityInternational leverage should be enhanced through IAEA actions,bilateral or multilateral arrangements, MDEP initiative, etc.Newcomers should include the package of Treaties, Conventionsto join the nuclear community.Moral responsibilities of Vendor countries and should report toall (CNS) about steps and actions establishing contracts andtransferring nuclear technology to nuclear newcomers.
37 embarking on nuclear power programmes and mechanisms to Role and Responsibilities of Vendor Countries and Countries Embarking on Nuclear Power to Ensure Long-term SafetyContinue with IAEA Safety guides development for countriesembarking on nuclear power programmes and mechanisms toreinforce the Global Safety Regime.Systematic IAEA tailored review services, IRRS and pre-OSARTfor countries embarking on nuclear power, as prerequisite atdifferent stages.This type of Workshop should be repeated on regular basis,1-2 yNext, November, 2009, nuclear newcomers will present theirparticular situation, difficulties and challenges developing theirsafety infrastructure to embark on nuclear power.
39 Final remarksGovernmental and Regulatory Framework need strong supportTasks necessary to establish an effective independent regulatory body need to be carried out by the Member State.Licensing process needs to be defined at the early stage“How safe is safe enough?” is a national responsibility, the regulatory approach is the key elementEfforts coordinated are essential in order to be consistent, comprehensive and effective.
40 International Atomic Energy Agency IAEA Headquarters in Vienna, Austria.The IAEA was established in 1957.…Thank you for your attention