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08 October 2015 M. Ammar Mehdi Introduction to Human Resource Management & SSG-16 Actions 4 th Steering Committee on Competence of Human.

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Presentation on theme: "08 October 2015 M. Ammar Mehdi Introduction to Human Resource Management & SSG-16 Actions 4 th Steering Committee on Competence of Human."— Presentation transcript:

1 08 October 2015 M. Ammar Mehdi Introduction to Human Resource Management & SSG-16 Actions 4 th Steering Committee on Competence of Human Resources for Regulatory Bodies 4-7 December, Vienna, Austria 1

2 08 October 2015 Nuclear Power Programme 2

3 08 October 2015 Introduction Time required for necessary competences and a strong safety culture before operating a nuclear power plant. Prime responsibility for safety must rest with the operating organization. State has the responsibility for significant investment, to create a robust framework for Safety Sustainable Nuclear Safety Infrastructure? (15 Years) 3

4 08 October 2015 The introduction of the “Safety Infrastructure” concept by the INSAG Nuclear Safety Infrastructure is the set of: - Institutional - Organizational - Technical elements and conditions established in a Member State to provide a sound foundation for ensuring a sustainable high level of nuclear safety. 4

5 08 October 2015 Safety Infrastructure and Safety Standards National infrastructure for nuclear power Safety infrastructure Safety infrastructure is the entire set of the safety-related elements of the national infrastructure necessary for implementing a nuclear power programme. Due to the importance of safety, those safety-related elements have requirements which they shall comply with. These requirements are stated in the IAEA Safety Standards. IAEA Safety Standards 5

6 08 October 2015 Main phases of the safety infrastructure development in the lifetime of a nuclear power plant (based on INSAG-22) Phase 1 Safety infrastructure before deciding to launch a nuclear power programme 1~3 years Phase 5 Safety infrastructure during decommissio- ning and waste management phases of a NPP 20~100+ years Phase 3 Safety infrastructure before commissioning and operation 7~10 years Phase 4 Safety infrastructure during operation of the NPP 40~60 years Phase 2 Safety infrastructure before bidding process 3~7 years Positive decision Negative decision The safety-related elements of the rationale for the negative decision have to be clearly identified and stated. Safety Infrastructure Guide (SSG 16) constitutes a “Road-map” to apply the entire set of IAEA safety principles and requirements progressively during Phases 1, 2 and 3 of the implementation of a nuclear power programme. 6

7 08 October 2015 Safety Infrastructure Guide SSG 16 Increasing number of countries considering the introduction of nuclear power. Need to comply with the IAEA Safety Standards for ensuring safety and enhancing international confidence. Development of the Safety Infrastructure Guide SSG 16 Roadmap to apply the entire set of IAEA Safety Standards in countries embarking on nuclear power 7

8 08 October 2015 Phase 1 Phase 2 Contract Application for construction license First concrete Safety evaluation of the bids Preparation of safety documentation Assessment by the regulatory body Construction phase Issuance of the nuclear law Issuance of safety requirements needed for bid specification Establishing the basic regulatory framework Site preparation Fuel Delivery Issuance of the construction licence Phase 3 1~3 years3~7 years7~10 years Initial site survey Environmental impact assessment Ready to invite bids Ready to make a decision on whether or not to introduce nuclear power Ready to commission and operate the first NPP Issuance of Site Permit Approval of Design NPP Operating License Issuance of Commissioning Permit 8

9 08 October 2015 Involvement of NPP related Organizations Involvement of the Government Ready to invite bids Ready to commission and operate the first NPP Ready to make a decision on whether or not to introduce nuclear power Phase 1 Phase 2Phase 3 Involvement of the Regulatory Body in nuclear power activities establishment Involvement of the Operating Organization establishment 1~3 years3~7 years7~10 years 9

10 08 October 2015 Involvement of NPP related Organizations 10

11 08 October 2015 SSG-16 Introduction General Safety Requirements (Elements 1-14) –National policy and strategy –Global nuclear safety regime –Legal framework –Regulatory framework –Human Resource Development Specific Safety Requirements (Elements 15-20) –Operating organization NS-R-2 (being revised) SSR 2/2 –Site survey, site selection and evaluation NS-R-3 SSR 1 –Design safety NS-R-1 (being revised) SSR 2/1 –Preparation for commissioning NS-R-2 (being revised) SSR 2/2 –Transport safety TS-R-1 SSR 6 –Interfaces with nuclear security 200 Actions Actions (85-98) 11

12 08 October 2015 Human Resource Development “The government shall make provision for building and maintaining the competence of all parties having responsibilities in relation to the safety of facilities and activities”. [Ref: Requirement 11 of GSR Part 1] Regulatory body Operating organization Research organizations External support organizations Industrial organizations Organizations providing technical services 12

13 08 October 2015 Human Resource Development “Senior management shall determine the competence requirements for individuals at all levels and shall provide training or take other actions to achieve the required level of competence”. [Ref: Requirement 4.3 of GS-R-3] 13

14 08 October 2015 HRD - Phase 1 Action 85. The government should consider a strategy for attracting, training and retaining an adequate number of experts to meet the needs of all organizations involved in ensuring safety in a prospective nuclear power programme. Action 86. The government should identify competences required in areas relating to nuclear safety and the approximate number of experts needed. Action 87. The government should identify national institutions and institutions in other States that could provide education and training and could start training in key areas relating to nuclear safety. 14

15 08 October 2015 HRD - Phase 1 Action 88. The government should identify gaps in safety related training at existing training institutions and should plan to strengthen existing training institutions or to establish new training institutions to fill these gaps. Action 89. The government should ensure that prospective senior regulators identified by the government and prospective safety experts to be involved in the nuclear power programme gain an understanding of the principles and criteria of nuclear safety. 15

16 08 October 2015 Elements of National HR Policy HR Hiring Training Org. Identification HR Training & Development Infrastructure Development Competence Identification HR Sustainability HRD - Phase 1 16

17 08 October 2015 HRD demanding and complex task (Money & Time) Assessment of current capabilities of Education and Training institutes, R&D ceneters, HRD - Phase 1 Legal & Regulatory Framework Site Evaluation Design Assessment Construction & Regulatory Oversight Comissioning Operation etc. Reactor Physics Thermal Hydraulics Radiation Protection Material Science Mechanical Engineering Electrical Engineering Civil Engineering Environmental Engineering etc. 17

18 08 October 2015 Comprehensive plan for upgrading existing training institutions Comprehensive plan for building new training institutions Possibilities for collaboration in human resources development with potential vendor States and other States Hirng Staff from other industries (Experienced manpower) Consideration for Human Resource Sustainability, may effect saftey infrastructure HRD - Phase 1 18

19 08 October 2015 HRD - Phase 2 Action 90. All relevant organizations should implement a strategy to attract and retain high quality trained personnel. Action 91. All relevant organizations should support the safety related training of their prospective staff in nuclear organizations in other States. Action 92. The regulatory body and the operating organization should actively recruit staff so as to ensure capability in areas relevant to safety in a timely manner. 19

20 08 October 2015 HRD - Phase 2 Action 93. The government and relevant organizations should establish new institutes or new curricula relevant to safety, as identified in Phase 1. Action 94. All relevant organizations should commence the education and training in academic and vocational institutions of the necessary number of persons for ensuring safety. 20

21 08 October 2015 Strategy to attract and retain trained high quality personnel should be implemented A policy decision should be made regarding implementation of plans of phase 1 ( Availability of experts) If there is need for new institutions or extended curricula, such new institutions should be established and curricula should be revised HRD - Phase 2 21

22 08 October 2015 At the beginning of Phase 2, the senior management positions of the regulatory body should be filled At the end of Phase 2, the operating organization should have sufficient technical expertise to specify competently the safety requirements in a call for bids for a nuclear power plant, and to evaluate the safety relevant parts of the bids to be received early in Phase 3. HRD - Phase 2 22

23 08 October 2015 HRD - Phase 3 Action 95. The operating organization, the regulatory body and external support organizations should ensure the availability of sufficient competent human resources for the efficient and effective conduct of all activities at the appropriate time. Action 97. The regulatory body should review and assess the operating organization’s programme with regard to human resources management. Action 98. The government should continue promoting the development of education in the nuclear field so as to continue providing a flow of qualified people in areas relevant to safety. 23

24 08 October 2015 Sustained level of manpower in each organization Training of RB staff to carry out oversight of construction, equipment manufacturing and, commissioning of the plant. Educational institutes need to provide training as required by the relevant org. Knowledge Management activities should start in the early phase, in each organizations HRD - Phase 3 24

25 08 October 201525 Thank you for your attention

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