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FAO NAMA learning tool to support NAMA preparation in agriculture

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1 FAO NAMA learning tool to support NAMA preparation in agriculture
Janie Rioux Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) UNFCCC Africa Regional Workshop on NAMAs 17th August 2015, Kigali

2 Impact of climate change on agriculture
Climate 2090 vs. 1990 (Christensen et al IPCC AR4 2007) Affect crop and livestock production Length of growing period Yield and yield stability Cropping and grazing areas Cost of food production Income from agriculture Impact all dimensions of food security food availability food accessibility food supply stability food utilization (food safety and nutrition) increasing temperatures, changing precipitation patterns and more frequent and intense extreme weather events

3 Contribution of agriculture to climate change
24 % of global GHG emissions from AFOLU (2nd largest after energy, IPCC 2014) 10-12 % of global GHG emissions from agriculture (IPCC 2014) In Africa the largest emitters in agriculture are: In Africa emissions from agriculture increased by 243 % in the last 50 years (FAOSTAT). Growing population and changes in food consumption patterns (i.e. increased protein-rich diet) will lead to additional increase in GHG emissions. (FAO Infographic)

4 Role of agriculture in GHG reduction and other benefits
Many agricultural practices that reduce and remove GHG emissions can also deliver many other important benefits: Promoting sustainable intensification and higher yield Improving farm efficiency supporting climate change adaptation addressing agriculture as a driver of deforestation and other land use changes reducing pollution from agriculture increasing the potential for scaling up climate-smart agriculture (CSA) practices promoting access to energy in rural areas With appropriate mitigation actions it is possible to not only reduce GHG emissions but also to strengthen food security and rural livelihoods.

5 Rational for the FAO NAMA learning tool for AFOLU sector
Objectives of the FAO NAMA tool: help agriculture stakeholders overcome knowledge barriers and get started with NAMA identification and planning. provide information on the type and quantity of resources (technical, human and financial) needed to develop and implement NAMAs. advice on how to achieve reductions in net GHG emissions in the AFOLU sector while supporting other sustainable development goals, such as food security. Available NAMA guides do not address specific questions related to AFOLU. (Avagyan, Karttunen, De Vit, and Rioux, FAO, 2015)

6 Format of the learning tool
Structure of the tool Web-based training package for individual learning Available online on the MICCA FAO website Can be adapted for face to face training The tool includes: 3-4 learning outcomes by module 1-2 quizzes and exercises by module > 30 case studies on country examples and mitigation options > 50 references including 20 on methods for MRV and 10 on financing sources Module 1 Climate change and agriculture Module 2 Background on NAMAs Module 3 Step by Step NAMA development Module 4 Monitoring, reporting and verification (MRV) Module 5 NAMA financing

7 Module 3: Step by step NAMA development
1- Identify options 2- Evaluate and prioritize options Identify stakeholders 3- Engage key stakeholders Agree on responsibilities 4- Identify financing sources 5- Develop a concept note 6- Design NAMA 7- Implement Collect data for monitoring Evaluate, report and verify Involve all stakeholders Identify financing options Apply for proposal development funds Apply for implementation funds Apply for capacity development

8 FAO’s support for NAMA development
FAO’s technical support to countries define baseline scenario and identify and set priorities measure impacts of mitigation actions quantify sustainable development benefits Knowledge sharing Publications, workshops, trainings, webinars and online communities of practices Tools Data development: FAOSTAT, GLEAM GHG monitoring and scenarios comparison: FAO EX-ACT tool Land use change monitoring: FAO Collect Earth

9 Step 1: Identifying NAMA options
Step 1.4: Identifying GHG emissions caused by the AFOLU sector FAOSTAT Emissions Database : Calculate GHG emissions estimates based on activity data from countries and Tier 1 IPCC default values Provide baselines based on FAO projections to 2030 and for agriculture categories Global Livestock Environmental Assessment Model (GLEAM): Support countries to identify and set priorities for the livestock sector Define baseline scenario and measure impacts of mitigation actions for the livestock sector Quantify sustainable development benefits e.g. productivity gains

10 Thank you for your attention
For further information on the NAMA learning tool and FAO support please contact:

11 Sources and sinks in AFOLU sectors Africa

12 Content of the tool Module 1 Module 2 Module 3 Module 4 Module 5
Climate change and agriculture: Module 1 provides an overview of the impacts of climate on agriculture and the AFOLU sector’s contribution to the total global net GHG emissions. The module also indicates the synergies between climate change mitigation, food security, rural development and climate change adaptation. Module 2 Overview of Nationally Appropriate Mitigation Actions (NAMAs): Module 2 introduces the concept of NAMA and situates NAMAs in the context of global climate change negotiations. Examples of NAMA initiatives in the agriculture sector are also given. Module 3 Step-by-step NAMA development: Module 3 describes the step-by-step processes for developing NAMAs. It covers the preparations for concept notes and proposals. It also addresses topics such as feasibility, technological choices and the differences between a fast-track NAMA development and a more thorough NAMA preparation process. Module 4 Measurement, Reporting and Verification (MRV) for an AFOLU NAMA: Module 4 looks at different aspects of monitoring systems and MRV processes for NAMAs. It reviews how MRV systems assess a NAMA’s impact on the GHG emissions and the sustainable development benefits it delivers. Module 5 Financing mechanisms and sources: Module 5 focuses on NAMA financing questions. It covers domestic, international, public and private financing and elaborates different criteria attached to NAMA financing by donors, climate funds and financing institutions.

13 Module 3: Step by Step NAMA development NAMA ideas, concept notes and proposal preparation
Initiating NAMA development Steps in NAMA development step 1: identifying NAMA options step 2: evaluation and prioritization of NAMA options step 3: stakeholder identification and mapping step 4: processes for involving stakeholders step 5: identification of potential financing sources step 6: concept note development step 7: designing NAMA activities step 8: implementation - putting a NAMA into action List of guidebooks for NAMA development Quiz and exercises quiz: step-by-step NAMA development exercise: prioritization matrix exercise: NAMA idea for a concept note development Not sure whether you need module by module description, check the next slide

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