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Water Pollution.

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Presentation on theme: "Water Pollution."— Presentation transcript:

1 Water Pollution

2 Nashua River



5 Types of Pollution Sewage
Nutrients Sediments Disease Causing Agents Inorganic Chemicals Organic Compounds Radioactive Substances Thermal Pollution

6 Eutrophication Vocabulary and Concepts: Nutrient Enrichment Natural and Cultural Oxygen Sag Curve Dissolved Oxygen Biological Oxygen Demand Hypoxia Dead Zones Causes

7 Controlling Water Pollution
Identifying Sources Point and Nonpoint Sources Treatment Technologies Point Source Eliminate Pollutants from Waste Stream RCRA and other laws Individual Wastewater Treatment Municipal Wastewater Treatment Nonpoint Source Agriculture Mining and Forestry Urban Runoff

8 Individual Sewage Disposal Systems (ISDS)
Requires Sufficient Area for treatment Management of Wastes Septic Tank Settling of solids Requires Pumping Leaching Field or Drainfield

9 Municipal Wastewater Treatment

10 Municipal Sewage Treatment
Primary Secondary Tertiary or Advanced

11 Packaged Waste Water Treatment

12 Nonpoint Sources Urban Runoff Agriculture
Mining (largely controlled by SMCRA) Forestry

13 Urban Runoff Urbanization increases the variety and amount of pollutants carried into our nation's waters. In urban and suburban areas, much of the land surface is covered by buildings, pavement and compacted landscapes with impaired drainage. These surfaces do not allow rain and snowmelt to soak into the ground which greatly increases the volume and velocity of stormwater runoff. In addition to these habitat-destroying impacts, pollutants from urban runoff include: Sediment Oil, grease and toxic chemicals from motor vehicles Pesticides and nutrients from lawns and gardens Viruses, bacteria and nutrients from pet waste and failing septic systems Road salts Heavy metals from roof shingles, motor vehicles and other sources Thermal pollution from dark impervious surfaces such as streets and rooftops

14 Urban Runoff Control Technologies
Retention Ponds Catch Basins Education

15 Agriculture Buffer strips Erosion Control
Integrated Pest Management (IPM)

16 Forestry and Mining

17 Clean Water Act Criteria Point Sources NPDES Permits Funding for WWT
Protection of Wetlands Section 404 Research and Control of non-point sources

18 Safe Drinking Water Act
1974 (amended 1986, 1996, Requires EPA to determine Maximum Contaminant Level


20 International Water Pollution Issues
Access to clean water Reduction of contamination Competition for scarce resources

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