2 Lesson Goal: Learn how to apply the correct form of possessive nouns in any given sentence. Outcomes: Be able to . . .Define “possessive noun” and provide an example of a possessive noun.Identify possessive nouns within sentences.Distinguish between singular possessive nouns and plural possessive nouns.Apply the correct possessive noun form (singular or plural) by analyzing the sentence and examining the verb used (singular or plural verb form).
3 Starter #1 Take out your comp book. Turn to the first blank page Starter #1 Take out your comp book. Turn to the first blank page. In the upper right hand corner, write the following: Fri., Oct. 19, QW #23: That’s my family! Then copy the bold print portion of this prompt on the top lines: Pretend you are sitting on an airplane. The person sitting next to you is a kind, older person who reminds you of your favorite grandparent. The trip is four hours long, and you two begin talking. At some point, the other person says, “Tell me about your family.” What would you say? Describe your family.Remember to write in complete sentences, avoiding fragments and run-ons. If you are not sure how to spell a certain word, just sound it out and circle it.
4 Special rules apply to collective nouns when using them in sentences: Starter #2 Yesterday we learned how to deal with words that name a group of people or a group of things. What term do we use to describe that type of noun?collective nounsSpecial rules apply to collective nouns when using them in sentences:They can take either a singular verb or a plural verb.So how do you know when to use a singular verb and when to use a plural verb?* Make the verb singular when the group acts as a single unit.* Make the verb plural when each member of the group acts separately or individually.For example:The crowd was excited by the close game.That’s like saying . . .It was You wouldn’t say “It were . . .” The crowd were pushing one another to get through the gate.They were You wouldn’t say, “They was . . .”
5 Starter #3 Today we are going to examine possessive nouns Starter #3 Today we are going to examine possessive nouns. What does the word “possessive” mean, or what does it refer to?OwnershipA possessive noun shows ownership of things or of qualities. For example:The lion’s mane is shaggy What is the possessive noun?lion’sIs it one lion or many lions?one It means “belonging to the lion”—its maneAll of the clowns’ costumes are bright and colorful.What is the possessive noun?clowns’Is it one clown or many clowns?manyHow do we know it’s many and not belonging to just one clown?Because of the sentence structure AND where the apostrophe is placed The children’s tickets to the circus are in my purse.childrenWe are referring to “tickets belonging to the children”
6 * Possessive noun is one that shows ownership Starter #3 What is the difference between a “possessive noun” and a “plural noun”?* Possessive noun is one that shows ownership* Plural noun means more than one person, place, or thingWhich one of these nouns ALWAYS contains an apostrophe—possessive noun or plural noun?A possessive noun always contains an apostropheExample:The acrobats have capes. Is the underlined word possessive or plural?Where are the acrobats’ capes? Is the underlined word possessive or plural?In this case, it’s both possessive and plural!How many acrobats?More than oneDoes it show ownership?Yes—capes belonging to the acrobats
7 Starter #3 continuedForming Possessive NounsNouns To form possessive Example:Most singular nouns Add an apostrophe and –s (’s) The seal’s ball is red.Singular nouns ending in –s Add an apostrophe and –s (’s) Chris’s ticket got lost.Plural nouns ending in –s Add an apostrophe (’) The tigers’ trainer is brave.Plural nouns not ending in –s Add an apostrophe and –s (’s) The people’s faces are happy.Which one of the four rules above is NOT like all the others in how you show a possessive form?The only time you simply add an apostrophe to show possession is when you have a . . .plural noun ending in sSo, remember this:To show possession, always add an ’s—except when it’s a plural noun ending in s