Presentation on theme: "English: Tuesday, September 25, 2012 1.Handouts: * Grammar #76–Commas in Review * If you were absent yesterday, pick up make-up work. 2.Homework: * Grammar."— Presentation transcript:
English: Tuesday, September 25, 2012 1.Handouts: * Grammar #76–Commas in Review * If you were absent yesterday, pick up make-up work. 2.Homework: * Grammar #76—Commas in Review (will start in class) * PAW #2, use any QW from QW #7 – QW #16 Due Monday, Oct. 1—NO late work Type in dark ink, 12 pt. Times New Roman, double-spaced Include a five-line heading: Name, Class, Date, the QW# & title, PAW #2 Length—as long as it takes to create a well-developed paragraph; however... Do not exceed one page double-spaced, using one-inch margins. 3.Assignments due: * Grammar #75–Using Commas, Part 4
Lesson Goal: Demonstrate your ability to apply commas correctly in a variety of sentences. Outcomes: Be able to... 1.Apply the 11 rules for using commas for using commas correctly (Gr. #76, Commas in Review). 2.Demonstrate your understanding of the comma rules by identifying which rules were used on one page of an AR book.
Starter #1 Take out your comp book. Turn to the first blank page. In the upper right hand corner, write the following: Tues., Sept. 25, 2012 QW #14: My Favorite Dog Then copy the bold print portion of this prompt on the top lines: If you had to name your all-time favorite dog, what dog would you cite? It could be one that belonged to you, your family, your extended family, a neighbor, or a friend. Describe what made that dog so special and why he/she held (or holds) a special place in your heart. Remember to write in complete sentence, avoiding fragments and run-ons. If you are not sure how to spell a certain word, just sound it out and circle it.
Starter #2: So far, we have learned 11 rules for using commas correctly. As we review show by a raise of hands—after seeing each rule—which ones you are confident that you understand and could easily apply. Be careful... I may ask you to prove it! ;-) Use commas to separate three or more items in a series. No one knows whether Bigfoot is a man a myth or a monster. No one knows whether Bigfoot is a man, a myth, or a monster. Use a comma to show a pause after an introductory word in a sentence. No Bigfoot has never been captured. No, Bigfoot has never been captured. Use a comma when beginning a sentence with several prepositional phrases. Despite years of searching no one has gotten close to Bigfoot. Despite years of searching, no one has gotten close to Bigfoot. Use commas to set off words that interrupt a flow of thought. That does not mean however that people will stop trying to find him. That does not mean, however, that people will stop trying to find him.
Use commas to set off names used in directly addressing someone. Bethany what would you do if you saw Bigfoot? Bethany, what would you do if you saw Bigfoot? Use a comma before a conjunction IF it is joining two simple sentences. Felicia constructed the model and Paul painted it. Felicia constructed the model, and Paul painted it. Daniel wants to go to the movies but he has to do his homework. Daniel wants to go to the movies, but he has to do his homework. You can come with us or you can stay home and read. You can come with us, or you can stay home and read. Use a comma in friendly (non-business) letters after the salutation (opening greeting) and use it in both business and friendship letters after the closing phrase. Dear BethWith loveSincerely Dear Beth,With love,Sincerely,
Use commas Use a comma to prevent misreading. Instead of three four o’clock is a better time. Instead of three, four o’clock is a better time. In dates, use commas after the day of the month and the year. Do NOT use commas if only the month and year are given. Shama arrived in this country on July 6 1989 with her family. Shama arrived in this country on July 6, 1989, with her family. She became a citizen in January 1996. Use commas before and after the name of a state or country when it is used with the name of a city. Do NOT use a comma after the state if the state name is followed by a zip code. She used to live in Chicago Illinois but now she lives in Detroit Michigan. She used to live in Chicago, Illinois, but now she lives in Detroit, Michigan. His address is 296 S. Pacific Avenue Pittsburgh Pennsylvania 15211. His address is 296 S. Pacific Avenue, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania 15211.
Use a comma or a pair of commas to set off an abbreviated title (except Jr. and Sr.) or to set off a degree following a person’s name. Lou Szupinski Ph.D. wrote the book about fossils. Lou Szupinski, Ph.D., wrote the book about fossils.
Starter #3: Today’s activity is designed to test your ability to use commas correctly by applying all of the rules we have learned. When you finish today’s assignment, open your AR book to any page you want, and let’s try an experiment.... Take out a sheet of notebook paper. Divide it in half and make six boxes in each section (see chalkboard illustration). Each box will represent one rule. Number the boxes from 1 to 11. Every time you find a comma on the page of your AR book, make a tally mark in that box. You may refer to the list of comma rules on the next PP slide.