Presentation on theme: "The Civil War 1860-1865. Southern Secession A. Lincoln elected President in 1860 1. Southerners – viewed struggle over slavery as a conflict between the."— Presentation transcript:
Southern Secession A. Lincoln elected President in 1860 1. Southerners – viewed struggle over slavery as a conflict between the state’s right of self- determination and federal government control. 2. South Carolina seceded from the Union Dec. 20,1860 - Mississippi, Florida, Georgia, Louisiana, and Texas 3. Confederate States (Confederacy) – elected Jefferson Davis as President
Question of the day – Would the North allow the South to leave the Union without a fight? Fort Sumter 4. Virginia, Arkansas, North Carolina, and Tennessee 5. Strengths of the Confederacy: “King Cotton”, first-rate generals, highly motivated soldiers 6. Strengths of the Union: manpower, factories, food production, railroad system
The War Bull Run, 1861 Confederate victory – Stonewall Jackson
Battle of Shiloh, 1862 25,000 out of 100,000 killed Ulysses S. Grant
Emancipation Proclamation, 1863 1. Freed slaves in territories captured by the Union I do order and declare that all persons held as slaves within these said designated States and parts of States are, and henceforward shall be free: and that the Executive Government of the United States, including the military and naval authorities thereof, will recognize and maintain the freedom of said persons.
Gettysburg, 1863 Turning Point in the War Most decisive battle – Union victory ended Lee’s hope of invading the North
Gettysburg Address, 1863 Four score and seven years ago our fathers brought forth on this continent, a new nation, conceived in Liberty, and dedicated to the proposition that all men are created equal. Now we are engaged in a great civil war, testing whether that nation, or any nation so conceived and so dedicated, can long endure. We are met on a great battle-field of that war. We have come to dedicate a portion of that field, as a final resting place for those who here gave their lives that that nation might live. It is altogether fitting and proper that we should do this. But, in a larger sense, we can not dedicate -- we can not consecrate -- we can not hallow -- this ground. The brave men, living and dead, who struggled here, have consecrated it, far above our poor power to add or detract. The world will little note, nor long remember what we say here, but it can never forget what they did here. It is for us the living, rather, to be dedicated here to the unfinished work which they who fought here have thus far so nobly advanced. It is rather for us to be here dedicated to the great task remaining before us -- that from these honored dead we take increased devotion to that cause for which they gave the last full measure of devotion -- that we here highly resolve that these dead shall not have died in vain -- that this nation, under God, shall have a new birth of freedom -- and that government of the people, by the people, for the people, shall not perish from the earth.
William Tecumseh Sherman’s March to the Sea, 1864
Surrender at Appomattox, 1865 Capture of Richmond, Virginia – Capital of the Confederacy in March, 1865 Lee and Grant met to arrange a Confederate surrender
1. Political Changes: Southern States would no longer threaten secession & the Federal governments power was greatly increased. 2. Economic Changes: widened the economic gap between North and South. 3. 13 th Amendment, 1865 – “neither slavery nor involuntary servitude shall exist in the United States.” The War Changes the Nation
Lincoln’s Assassination: April 14, 1865 First time an American President was assassinated.