Presentation on theme: "Collaborative Strategic Reading: A Model for Content Area Reading"— Presentation transcript:
1 Collaborative Strategic Reading: A Model for Content Area Reading Richmond Public SchoolsOctober 2010
2 Collaborative Strategic Reading Developed by Janette Klingner & Sharon Vaughan What is it?Collaborative Strategic Reading (CSR)combines cooperative learning and reading comprehension strategy instructionCSR was designed to promote content learning, language acquisition, and reading comprehension in diverse classrooms
3 CSR: Overview preview click and clunk get the gist wrap up The Reading Strategies:previewclick and clunkget the gistwrap upThe Overview:Uses content area textUses cooperative groupingUses Before, During, & After Reading Strategies
5 Cooperative Learning: Building Relationships Increase academic performance, motivation, time on task, self- esteem, & positive social behaviorsIncrease efficiency of lessonsFacilitate integration of diverse learners
6 CSR: Students’ RolesLeader: Leads the group in the implementation of CSR by saying what to read or which strategy to use nextClunk Expert: Leads the group in trying to figure out difficult words or conceptsGist Expert: Guides the group toward the development of a gist and determines that the gist contains the most important ideas but no unnecessary details
7 CSR: Students’ RolesQuestion Expert: Guides the group to generate and answer questionsEncourager: Watches the group and gives feedback. Looks for behaviors to praise. Encourages group members to participate and help each other (optional).Time-Keeper: Sets the timer for each portion of CSR and lets the group know when it is time to move on. Helps keep the group on task (optional).
8 CSR: 1. Previewing GoalsStudents preview the entire passage prior to reading each section.to build and activate students’ background knowledge about the topicto learn as much about the passage as they can in a brief period of timeto help students make predictions about what they will learnto motivate students’ interest in the topic and to engage them in active reading from the onset
9 Before Reading: Previewing Previewing helps students make connections – makes the text relevant. BrainstormWhat do we know about the topic?PredictWhat do we predict we will learn about the topic when we read the passage.
10 Click and Clunk GoalsStudents click and clunk while reading each selection of the passage. The goals of click and clunk are:For students to monitor their reading comprehensionFor students to identify when they have breakdowns in understandingTo use fix-up strategies to figure out clunksTo identify and explain which fix-up strategy was used and why
11 During Reading: Click and Clunk Fix-Up Strategies Clarify the Concept:Identify the part of the passage that is not clear, Discuss the passage to clarify with the CSR Group.Context clues :Reread the sentence without the word & think about what would make sense.Read around the sentence with the clunk and look for clues.Word analysis:Look for a prefix, root, or suffix in the word.Break the word apart and look for smaller words you know.
12 Get the GistGoals:To teach students to restate, in their own words, the most important point as a way of making sure they have understood what they have readTo improve students’ memory of what they have learned
13 During Reading: Get the Gist Identify :Most important idea in a section of text (usually a paragraph)Most important person, place, or thingMost important idea about the person, place, or thing
14 Goals: Wrap-Up Formulate questions about what they have learned Review key ideasThe goals are to improve students’knowledgeunderstandingmemory of what was read
15 After Reading: Wrap-up Review Students then take turns sharing their “best questions” and provide evidence to support them.Why do you think this?What made you say that?Students write down the most important ideas from the reading (text) in their CSR learning logs. Write the key ideas!
16 CSR – The Teacher’s Role Conduct a whole-class preview and/or whole-class wrap-up to introduce and/or review key vocabulary and important concepts.Conclude the lesson with a whole class discussion or analysis of key ideas learned.Use data from learning logs and lessons to make changes in instruction.Provide mini-lessons to fine tune strategy usage.Use high-quality feedback to re-direct, guide and challenge students’ thinking (includes the rigor & relevance!).
17 Phases of Strategy Instruction Modeling PhaseThe teacher models each step of the strategy while thinking aloudI do it; you watch.Teacher-assisted phase:The teacher guides the students through the strategyYou do it; I help.Independent phaseThe students complete the strategy on their own (work towards automaticity)We do it; Teacher watches and still helps as needed.
18 Comprehension Strategies Comprehension strategies are helpful for all readers, but are critical for students with learning problems.Comprehension strategy instruction is based on the premise that even students who have difficulty understanding text can be successfully taught to apply the strategies used by good readers, and that when poor readers learn to apply these strategies, their reading comprehension will improve.