2 Why should I bother?It’s about academic honesty—give credit where credit is due.It’s about covering your glutes in case the information in your research turns out to be inaccurate or biased.It’s required.
3 What do you expect me to do? You should cite any sources used for your project using citations, a works cited page and parenthetical references.For this paper, you will have at least 3 sources on your works cited page: Frankenstein, one of the other 3 texts (Jekyll/Hyde, Othello, Jane Eyre) and a Literary Criticism Article.
4 #1: What is a citation?The citation summarizes bibliographic data to provide your reader (teacher) information to locate the book, website, or magazine that you used:Author (if given)Title of article, webpage, or entryPublication information (publisher, website, magazine title, date, location)Medium (Print, Web, etc.)Date of access
5 How is a citation formatted? Each citation or entry follows a specific format. Punctuation used in the citation defines different types of information in the entry. Formatting is very important.The parts of the citation follow a specific order and have their own function.
6 What does a citation look like? Name of websiteTitle of webpage“Preview: 2008 Dodge Challenger." Billy Bubba’s Hemiworld. 9 Feb Web. 28 June 2006.MediumDate of publication or updateDate of accessThis citation example is for a webpage. Other sources will look different and will have other kinds of information.
7 What’s up with punctuation? Titles of articles, webpages, or entries in a reference work are usually noted by quotation marks.Titles of books, websites, or reference sources are usually noted with italics. This is a change from MLA 6th ed.“Preview: 2008 Dodge Challenger." Billy Bubba’s Hemiworld. 9 Feb Web. 28 June 2006 <“Preview: 2008 Dodge Challenger." Billy Bubba’s Hemiworld. 9 Feb Web. 28 June 2006.Dates in MLA citations follow a specific format. It’s very European.You need to define in what medium you accessed the material. If you got it from the web, use “Web.”Each part of the citation is completed with a period.The web address or URL is no longer required in the citation. This is another change in the 7th edition.
8 What goes in quotes and which gets italicized? Generally speaking, the citation goes from specific to general.Author always gets first billing, but if there is no author, you need to list the title of the specific article, entry, etc. first. That gets the “quotation treatment.”Next, you need to include the larger work in which that content was found. Probably it was part of a book, magazine or website. That source gets the italic treatment.
9 I still don’t get it. If you got an article from an encyclopedia: “Lewis and Clark” is the specific articleWorld Book is the larger sourceIf you got an article from a website:“Terrorists get their day in court.” is the articleCNN.com is the larger sourceIf you got an article from a magazine:“Obama challenged by right.” is the articleTime is the larger source
10 What are the other mediums? Print. is used for almost anything printed on paper. Examples are books, reference magazines, pamphlets, etc.Web. Is used for any web-based content.Other medium examples include:CDFilmTelevisionAsk yourself—by which medium did you get the information?
11 How do I cite other sources? Books, websites, databases, interviews, etc. all have distinct citation formats and require different bibliographic information.This tutorial would take forever if we covered every one. And that’s a waste of time, paper, and energy!Use a guide, online citation ‘engine’ or the “Research Papers” link on your media webpage.Clickable links can be found on the last page of this tutorial.
12 #2: What’s a works cited page? The works cited page is an alphabetical listing of all cited sources for your research. This list could include books, websites, databases, interviews, and any other source of information used.Remember that if you use someone else’s ideas, words, quotes, data, or other information, you must cite your source.
13 What about the other stuff? There may be situations where you read or consult other sources but do not use them directly in your paper. In this case, you can include them in a bibliography.A bibliography will contain all sources in your works cited list plus any additional sources used.
14 How do I format a works cited page? The entire page is double spacedThe page is titled “Works Cited”Use a hanging indent. If you tab, you may get funky line breaks. See next slide on how to format a page for hanging indents.
15 How to hang your indents Before starting your works cited page…Open the “Format” menu to “Paragraph”Select “Hanging” in the “Special” section of the “Indentation” areaDon’t mess with anything else!
16 What should it look like? “Works Cited’ centered at top of pageEntries alphabetizedPage has hanging indentsWhat’s wrong with this page?‘cited’ should be capitalized!Oops!
17 #3: What’s a parenthetical reference? A parenthetical reference (PR) is a pointer to an entry in your works cited list.It provides a reference to your source in the text of your paper.Information is contained in () parentheses.When you use ideas, data, or quotations from a source and put them in your paper, you need to note that source with a parenthetical reference.
18 What is in a parenthetical reference? Because the parenthetical reference is a pointer to an entry in your works cited list, you put the last name of the author or the first word of the title of the source if no author is given.If you are using information from a book, magazine, or print source, include the page number where the information was found.
19 What’s the connection?The parenthetical reference should match the first word of the entry in your works cited page.
20 Where do I put them?Include a parenthetical reference at the end of the sentence, paragraph, or section that uses information from that source.Place the reference before the period if at the end of a sentence.