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Computing Fundamentals Unit 4- Computer Software.

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Presentation on theme: "Computing Fundamentals Unit 4- Computer Software."— Presentation transcript:

1 Computing Fundamentals Unit 4- Computer Software

2 Hardware vs. Software What is Hardware? Hardware is physical You can touch it What is Software? Instructions to perform a task Program is another name Both work together & interact

3 Hardware & Software Working Together

4 2 Types of Software Applications Helps you do a task Systems OS & utility programs Manages computer resources

5 Application Software AKA Productivity Software Word, Excel, PowerPoint, PhotoShop, IE, etc.

6 Systems Software Manage resources, files OS Utilities Antivirus Backup File management (more on next slide)

7 Utilities Defragmentation Files are all over the place Defrag places parts of a file closer together Disk Cleanup Frees up disk space Disk Compression Squeezes files on HD

8 Defrag, Cleanup & Compress My Computer Right click C Properties Tools Tab Also under Accessories, System Tools

9 Defrag, Cleanup & Compress


11 Utility- Compression

12 Teknimedia Online A2.25 A2.26 A2.36 A2.37 A2.38

13 End of Day One Review 1. What two types of general software are there? Application & Systems 2. Paint is an example of which kind of software? Application 3. Backup software is which type? Systems, Utility

14 Start Up Process Power On POST Checks RAM, keyboard & drives BIOS searches for boot record On ROM Boot record loaded in RAM Drivers loaded GUI loaded & displayed

15 Operating Systems Mac OS Apple OS X DOS Disk Operating System IBM used it in 1981 from some small company named Microsoft Ever heard of ‘em???

16 Operating Systems Windows Multitasking UNIX Linux NOS (Network Operating Systems) Novell Windows

17 User Interfaces What you see, how you interact with computer CLI DOS GUI Icons Windows, Mac

18 End of Day Two Review 1. What’s another name for software? Programs 2. What are the two basic types of software? Application & System 3. What does CLI stand for & give an example of one. Command line interface DOS

19 Computing Fundamentals Unit 5- Essential Computer Skills


21 Taskbar

22 Getting to know the GUI Desktop Icons Pointer Pointing device Menu Scroll bar Window Taskbar Notification Area Quick Launch Icons

23 The Recycle Bin Open Recycle Bin Double-click the icon Right-click, open

24 The Window

25 Format a Floppy Disk 3.5”, 1.44MB Come already formatted now Erases data Quick Format Startup disk

26 End of Day Three Review What is the area called near the clock? Notification area What is the blue bar called at the top of a window? Title bar Once you delete a file, you can not recover it. True or False? False, restore it in the recycle bin

27 Organize Files & Making Folders H: drive

28 Rename & Delete Folders

29 Copy, Cut, Paste Files & Folders No two files in the same folder can have the same name Copy- Ctrl+C or right-click Cut- Ctrl+X, will copy item Paste- Ctrl+V

30 Selecting Multiple Adjacent Files Click 1 st Hold Shift Click last one

31 Selecting Multiple Non-Adjacent Files Click 1 st Ctrl Click each one while holding control

32 End of Day Four Review

33 Switching Open Programs Only 1 is active Title bar will be bright Others will be shaded Alt-Tab

34 Freeware vs. Shareware Freeware Free software to download Owner has copyright For personal use No rights for you to distribute Shareware Trial period Pay after that

35 Software Upgrading Fixes for bugs (free) New versions w/ new features (pay) Look on manufacturer’s website Or update automatically New Install Install or Setup file May run automatically Register for tech support/upgrades

36 Computing Fundamentals Unit 6- Using Technology to Solve Problems

37 Tech Today Use Problem Solving to: Discover which tech to use to solve problem Which tech would enhance your task

38 Problem Solving Steps 1. Define the Problem What really is the problem? 2. Investigate & Analyze Collect the facts Why having problem? 3. Identify Possible Solutions What can be done differently? Added, deleted? Look for several solutions

39 Problem Solving Steps 4.Select & Implement a Solution More than one solution, test each Which is the best? 5.Evaluate Solutions Did it eliminate it?

40 Choosing the Right Software Software can be used for many tasks What else can Word do other than type papers? General Use software Specialized Business software

41 Software Solutions Word-Processing Spreadsheet

42 Software Solutions Database Software Presentation Software

43 Software Solutions Graphics & Multimedia Software Telecommunications Personal Information Management Software (PIMS)

44 Using Other Technologies to Solve Problems Entertainment Banking Medical Dangerous Tasks Repetitious Tasks

45 Computing Fundamentals Unit 7- Windows Operating System

46 Starting Windows Accounts Each with their own settings Welcome Screen

47 The Start Menu

48 Mouse Pointer & Shapes Pointer I-Beam (text) Hourglass Arrow w/ Hourglass Circle & slash

49 Mouse Buttons Left Right Scroll

50 More Mouse Functions Drag, Click, Double-Click, Right-Click, Select Software w/ Mouse

51 Parts of a Window

52 Menus Shaded menus Ellipses Menu shortcuts Shortcut keys Right arrow

53 Dialog Boxes Option Buttons Command buttons Text Boxes Check Boxes List Boxes Drop-down list

54 Managing Your Windows Rather than Alt+Tab or Min/Max. Right-click on Taskbar Cascade Tile Horizontally Tile Vertically Show the Desktop

55 Cascade

56 Tile Horizontally

57 Tile Vertically

58 Shutting Down Log Off Still has power Someone else can log on Switch User Programs open & waiting for you Turn Off or Shut Down Stand by- saves power but keeps programs open Turn off Restart

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