Presentation on theme: "The Harlem Renaissance 1920’s & 1930’s. Cultural Times Development of the African American middle class WWI created jobs in the North Development of African."— Presentation transcript:
Literature Many held to cultural language roots –Gullah Hopes to challenge racial prejudices Freedom to express struggles Motivation to overcome obstacles
Harlem Housing executives planned to create neighborhoods in Harlem designed specifically for white workers who wanted to commute into the city.
Harlem, cont. Developers grew overambitious, however, and housing grew more rapidly than the transportation necessary to bring residents into the downtown area. The once exclusive district was abandoned by the white middle-class. Harlem landlords began renting to black tenants..
As a result, African-Americans began moving to Harlem en masse; between 1900 and 1920 the number of blacks in the New York City neighborhood doubled.
Claude McKay Originally from Jamaica Began writing at age of 10 Famous journalist
Paul Lawrence Dunbar Born to slave parents in KY One of first recognized Af.Am. poets Befriended Douglass in Chicago
Dunbar’s Works The Lesson Sympathy We Wear the Mask
Arna Bontemps Friend of Langston Hughes Born of Creole parents Nashville connection! Bontemps worked for many years as the librarian at Fisk.
Bontemps’ Works God Sends Sunday (1931) Black Thunder (1936—historical novel) Personals (3rd ed., 1973 collection of poetry) The Harlem Renaissance Remembered (1972)
Langston Hughes Worked hard to pay for college Ambitious with poetry Influenced by Walt Whitman Wrote for musical audience
Hughes’ Works Weary Blues Dream Deferred I, Too Mother to Son
Presentations Your assignment for this unit: –Create a handout on one poem from the packet. –Handout includes your poem (including author), and a brief explication of the poem. –You will do a formal reading of your poem and then briefly summarize your poetic analysis.