Presentation on theme: "Water to Drink Where does our drinking water come from?"— Presentation transcript:
1 Water to DrinkWhere does our drinking watercome from?
2 In the U.S., drinking water comes from: Public or private reservoirs2. Private wellsNo matter where water comes from, it needs some treatmentbefore we drink it to be sure it is safe.
3 To see if water is safe to drink, it is tested for: 1. Water quality - cloudiness, odor and color
4 2. PH - measures the acidity of water; pure water is neutral and would measure 7 on the pH scale
5 3. Hardness - the level of calcium and magnesium Hard water does not form suds well with soap and can leavedeposits.
6 4. Disease-Causing Organisms - such as E. coli, a bacteria found in human and animal waste
7 The EPA (Environmental protection Agency) has developed water quality standards.These standards set limits for certain chemicals, minerals andbacteria in drinking water.A concentration is the amount of one substance dissolved in another.
8 In a typical water treatment plant, the first step is filtration.The water passes through a series of screens to removelarge objects.
9 The second step is coagulation. A chemical is added that causes particles to stick together andsink to the bottom in clumps.These clumps can be filtered out.
10 The third step is chlorination. Chlorine is added to kill disease-causing microorganisms.
11 In NYC, fluoride is also added to the water. Water quality is tested every day.
12 Once treated, the water can be distributed for drinking. It goes to a central pumping station.
13 From the pumping station, the water goes into smaller pipes. It is carried through the pipes by water pressure.Some communities use a water tower rather than a pumping station.