Presentation on theme: "Exploration & Expansion Voyages of Discovery"— Presentation transcript:
1 Exploration & Expansion Voyages of Discovery Ms. James
2 Voyages to Discovery What caused the Age of Exploration? Renaissance = spirit of discoverySearch for wealthPeople want to find a faster way to India to get trade goodsAdvances in TechnologyThree G’s: Gold, God, & Glory
3 Routes to India Sail east around Africa (New Idea) Sail west…Opps New World
4 New Technology Explorers needed to calculate their location with a… CompassAstrolabeDeveloped by Muslim Empires
5 New Technology Cont…Explorers needed a ship that can hold large cargos and withstand heavy waves…Caravel- was a light, fast sailing shipSteered with rudderTriangular SailsEquipped with cannons
6 Portuguese Explorers Portugal’s Kings were patrons of the explorers… King Henry the Navigator- ultimate goal was to find a water route around Africa to India.PortugueseBartolomeu Dias (map on next slide)First European to attempt to sail around the southern tip of Africa “Cape of Good Hope”
7 Portuguese Explorers Cont… Vasco de GamaFirst to make it to Clicut, India and back to Portugal!
8 Portuguese Explorers Cont… Pedro CabralSecond trip to India!Sailed to Brazil and Indonesia!Lucrative trading posts
9 Spanish ExplorersKing Ferdinand and Queen Isabella helped finance certain voyages!Christopher Columbus (1492)Columbus sails west to get to India…inventive idea but flawed because the Americas are in the way!Sails to Caribbean IslandsFinds “Indians” and he believes he found new route to India!
11 Spanish Explorers Cont.. Amerigo VespucciFirst to realize that Columbus found a “New World”, Americas named after him.
12 Spanish Explorers Cont… Vasco Nunez de BalboaTried to find passage at Isthmus of Panama.Spanish realize there’s another ocean to cross to get to India.First to reach Pacific Ocean from New WorldPanama Canal today!!!
13 Spanish Explorers Cont… Ferdinand MagellanSails west to sail AROUND WORLD!Circumnavigate- sail completely around the world.Left with 250 men, and returns with only 18 (Minus Magellan, he dies during voyage)
14 English ExplorersEnglishJohn Cabot, sailed to Canada
15 English Explorers Cont… Sir Francis Drake, sailed to southern tip of South America and stopped over in modern day California.#2 to circumnavigate the world.
16 English Explorers Cont… Henry HudsonTried to find Northeast Passage, but found ice instead. Not the last time we’ll see Hudson.Henry sails for the Dutch as well.
17 French Explorers French Jacques Cartier (1534 – 1535) Sailed into the St. Lawrence River in Canada “New France” or NewfoundlandFur Trade is very profitable.
18 Dutch Explorers Dutch Henry Hudson (Again, but for different country) Explored Hudson Bay region, in search of Northwest Passage
20 Explorers find new ways to make new routes… Can’t Go Over It.Can’t Go Under It.Can’t Go Around It.Got to Go Through It.
21 Making Contact!The beginning of conquest and colonies occurs when explorers get off their ships in search of riches and land to claim for country!Cortes (Aztec Empire)Pizarro (Inca Empire)REMEMBER3 G’s: God, Gold, & Glory