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Everyone Should Know First Aid

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Presentation on theme: "Everyone Should Know First Aid"— Presentation transcript:

1 Everyone Should Know First Aid
Chapter 1 Everyone Should Know First Aid

2 Emergency Medical System (EMS)
Your role in the EMS system includes 4 basic steps Recognize an emergency exists Decide to act Activate the EMS system Give care until help arrives

3 Step 1 Recognizing an emergency
Unusual sights Unusual appearances or behaviors Unusual odors Unusual noises

4 Step 2 Decide to Act In order to help in an emergency you must act
Most common reasons why people don’t help The presence of other people Being unsure of the ill or injured person’s condition Type of injury or illness Fear of catching a disease Fear of doing something wrong Fear of being sued Being unsure of when to call 911

5 Step 3 Activate the EMS System
Call 9-1-1 Know your local emergency numbers

6 Getting Permission Before giving care to a conscious adult you must permission “consent” Identify yourself Tell them what you are trained in What you think is wrong What you plan on doing If they refuse care at least notify 9-1-1 If they are unconscious or can not respond consent is implied

7 Step 4 Give Care Until Help Arrives
Examples CPR/First Aid Making victim comfortable Meet EMS out at the curb Direct traffic Keep onlookers away

8 Getting permission Conscious Child or infant you need permission from a parent or guardian. If a parent refuses notify 9-1-1 If a parent is not present and the situation is life threaten consent is implied

9 How Disease Spreads Infectious diseases spread from person to person by bacteria and viruses Bacteria can live outside the body Viruses live on other organisms, once in the body they are hard to remove They are spread through touching breathing and biting

10 If you touch an infected person blood or bodily fluid with an open wound, cut, or cracked skin, you can be infected Common cold Breathing in droplets in the air, someone sneezing Touching objects that have been exposed to droplets

11 Animal or human bites Getting a disease this way is rare Some may give you flu a like disease Can create discomfort but often temporary Usually not serious for healthy adults

12 Others are more Serious
Hepatitis B (HBV) Hepatitis C (HCV) Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) Acquired immune deficiency syndrome (AIDS) These are not easily transmitted Blood to blood contact

13 HIV, AIDS and You AIDS is caused by HIV Damages the immune system
Many don’t know they have it They don’t look or feel sick AIDS eventually develops into infections which lead to death Currently there is no vaccine

14 Transmission During First Aid
Unprotected direct contact with infected blood Blood splashes in responder’s eye Touching infected person’s body fluids Unprotected indirect contact with infected blood Touching contaminated objects

15 Precautions Risk of transmission during first aid is low
Give care in ways that protect you and the victim Wash hands before and after giving care Wear protective gear and use barriers Avoid contact with blood and other body fluids Dispose properly of all material used in giving care

16 Cleaning up Blood Spills
Clean up immediately Use disposable gloves and protective equipment Use paper towel Use a chlorine/water solution to clean Wait 10 minutes Dispose of all contaminated material

17 Good Samaritan Laws All 50 states have it
Protects people who provide care without accepting anything in return Protects citizens who act the in a reasonable and prudent manner

18 Examples Move a person only if their life is in danger
Ask permission before giving care Check for life-threatening conditions before giving further care Call 9-1-1 Continue to give care until trained personnel arrive

19 Protection in Lawsuits
Non-professional who responds to emergencies (lay responder) is rarely sued for helping in an emergency Good Samaritan laws protect responders from financial responsibility

20 You are not protected Abandoning a victim after starting care
Reckless responders Taking unnecessary measures to give care Negligent responders Moving a person without cause

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