Presentation on theme: "INTERNAL AUDIT IN UKRAINE State Financial Inspection of Ukraine"— Presentation transcript:
1 INTERNAL AUDIT IN UKRAINE State Financial Inspection of Ukraine DEVELOPMENT OFINTERNAL AUDIT IN UKRAINECHU PIFCState Financial Inspection of UkraineAnna Krivchenkova
2 Internal Audit Legal Framework Art. 26 of the Ukraine Budget Code:Internal Audit means activities of an internal audit unit in a budget institution aimed at improvement of management system and prevention of illegal, inefficient and ineffective use of budget means, mistakes or other defects in activities of a budget institution and institutions subordinate to it, as well as at improvement of internal control.Fundamental principles of internal control and internal audit, as well as the procedures for development of internal audit units shall be determined by the Cabinet of Ministers of Ukraine.Ukraine PIFC Development Concept and its Action Plan (Government Decree no. 158-р of and no. 456-р of )Ukraine Government Decree no of 29 September 2011 “Some issues connected with development of internal audit structural units as well as procedures for internal audit in ministries and other central executive authorities, their territorial organizations and budget institutions within the scope of ministries and other central public administration authorities”
3 Ukraine Government Decree no Ukraine Government Decree no of 29 September “Some issues connected with development of internal audit structural units as well as procedures for internal audit in ministries and other central executive authorities, their territorial organizations and budget institutions within the scope of ministries and other central public administration authorities”Procedures for development of internal audit structural units and for conducting auditsOrganizational and functional independence of internal audit structural unitsPrevention of illegal interference of third parties into planning, conduct and reporting on internal auditRecommendation to local public authorities to build internal audit structural units by 1 January 2012.
4 PROCEDURES FOR DEVELOPMENT OF INTERNAL AUDIT UNITS: Internal audit focuses on activities of central public administration authorities, their territorial organizations and budget institutions either in their entirety or on some individual matters (separate stages) and measures undertaken by their leaders in order to ensure effective operation of the internal control system (observance of principles of legitimacy and effective use of budget resources, performance in conformity with set targets, achievement of objectives, plans and observance of requirements to activities of a central public authority, its territorial units and budget institutions, as well as enterprises, institutions and organizations within the scope of ministries and other central public administration authorities)GOALS AND FUNCTIONSSCHEDULE FOR INTERNAL AUDITSOME CRITERIA FOR THE NUMBER OF INTERNAL AUDIT STAFFREQUIREMENTS TO THE LEADER OF THE UNIT AND INTERNAL AUDITORSRIGHTSREPORTING
5 Practical activities have started : Internal audit units within ministries and other public administration authorities of Ukraine:Built in 66 organizations (87%), with the total number of internal auditors reaching about 1,500 persons.Reasons why these have not yet been set up in the remaining organizations (10):(1) some organizational deficiencies in the process of setting up new units(2) Insufficient staffingPractical activities have started :Plans for internal audits have been compiled and discussed – 50 organizations (75%), of which:Performance audits (5%)Financial audits (60%)Compliance audits (25%)Complex audits (10%)
6 Guidelines for internal audit STANDARDSof internal auditApproved through Order no of of the Ukraine Ministry of Finance (registered with the Ukraine Ministry of Justice no. 1219/19957 of 20 October 2011)CODE OF ETHICS for internal auditorsApproved through Order no of of the Ukraine Ministry of Finance (registered with the Ukraine Ministry of Justice no. 1195/19933 of 17 October 2011)
7 Internal Audit Standards: Guidelines for internal auditRules of professional operationUniform approach to organization and conduct of internal auditPreparation of audit reports, conclusions and recommendationsQuality assessment of internal audit
8 CODE OF ETHICS for internal auditors: Formulated as a set of principles, a system of moral and professional values and rules of conduct for the internal audit staff or officials in charge of internal audit, and who voluntarily commit to observe these values and rules in their professional activitiesMoral and ethic principles of professional activities: integrity, independence and objectivity, confidentiality, professional competence;Managers of internal audit units are responsible for the control and supervision of how the Code’s requirements are observed;Counteraction to gaining illicit profits and gifts (donations)
9 Support to “internal control and internal audit in public sector in Ukraine” In order to support practical implementation of this new type of activity (internal audit function), as part of cooperation between State Financial Inspection of Ukraine and Ministry of Finance of the Kingdom of the Netherlands, a training on internal control and internal audit was organized in November-December 2011 for 100 internal auditors;In April 2012, a training was held on introduction of internal audit in public sector, which gathered 165 trainees. The training was organized in form of discussions and clarifications on most problematic issues and involved international experts on internal audit, representatives of the State Financial Inspection of Ukraine and the Audit Chamber;In , a number of pilot projects have been launched in order to build a system of internal control in the Treasury (central level of executive authorities) and Kiev Oblast public administration (local public administration)
10 Training of internal auditors – bimonthly cycle of trainings attendance by over 100 people, prospective internal auditors out of 65 public administration authorities;lectures and practical modules;lectures (80 hours):– internal control – 40 hours- internal audit – 40 hourspractical module (160 hours):internal control – 40 hoursinternal audit – 80 hoursinternal control + internal audit – 40 hoursGroup trainings (25 participants in each)
11 Training of internal auditors – bimonthly cycle of trainings: internal control:LECTURESPIFC system:European PIFC models,PIFC system in Ukraine,international standards of IC and organizational and legal aspects of IC in public administration authorities,budgetary process in Ukraine and its participantsPRACTICAL MODULEBasic elements, internal conditionsFormulation of goalsDescription of processesIdentification and assessment of risksHow to deal with risks, risk managementMechanisms of control/control proceduresOrganization of information and communication exchangeMonitoring of IC system and results of implementation of control procedures
12 Training of internal auditors – bimonthly cycle of trainings: LECTURESinternal audit in PIFC system:international and national standards of internal audit,objectives, functions, qualification and ethics of internal auditorEuropean approaches and requirements of laws and procedures of Ukraine to organization and conduct of internal auditsfundamentals of effective presentation of audit results to managers of institutionsPRACTICAL MODULETypes of audit (performance, financial, compliance)General strategy of IA unit activityMain stages of auditAudit reporting, audit conclusions and recommendationsControl procedures and follow-up of recommendationsPresentation of audit reportCommunication. Ways to settle a conflict of interestsDISCUSSIONS, PRESENTATIONS OF REPORTS, COMMENTS FROM EXPERTS,CORRECTIONS
13 Internal audit quality improvement and assessment Internal assessment:Internal audit quality improvement program, which is signed by the manager of the IA unit and approved by the manager of the institution :conducting regular internal assessments and following up external quality assessments of internal audit. The manager of the IA unit shall ensure implementation of the internal audit quality improvement programmonitoring of internal audit activities, run by the manager of the IA unit,regular evaluation of IA unit activities, run by the internal audit staff by self-evaluation, or by other employees of the institutions with practical knowledge in the field of internal audit
14 Internal audit quality improvement and assessment External assessment:is conducted as a survey, no more than once a year, by the State Financial Inspection (PIFC CHU), its territorial units according to the requirements defined in the Decree (Order) noPurpose of quality assessment:planning,organization and conduct of internal audit,follow up of recommendations on audit results,observance of requirements of internal audit standards and other relevant laws and procedures by managers.Upon results of internal audit quality assessment, the State Financial Inspection provides recommendations on improvement of deficiencies to the manager of the central public administration authority.
15 Short-term objectives: Continue trainings for internal auditors of ministries and other central public administration authorities; for internal auditors of local public administration authorities (regional level)Organize pilot projects at central and regional levelsDevelop methodological recommendations on organization of internal control at central and regional levelDevelop methodology – Guidelines on external reporting from internal audit units to the CHU (PIFC Administration)Develop methodology (practical textbook) on quality assessment (internal and external) of internal auditDevelop a survey on testing and assessment of internal control system by internal auditors