6 Necessary because… Europe did NOT have a strong central government after the Roman Empire collapsed. Cities were much smaller—a place of protection. Some small landowners were willing to give up their land for protection.
7 Relationship Between Lords and Vassals The relationship between lords and vassals made up a big part of the political and social structure of the feudal system Vassals had certain duties to perform for the lord All nobles were ultimately vassals of the king.
9 Almost all nobles were knights Training began at age 7, as a page, under the guidance of the lady of the manor Became squires at age 15 and were trained by other knights Those deemed worthy were “dubbed” knights Code of Chivalry –be brave, fight fairly, keep promises, defend Christianity, and treat women of noble birth in a courteous manner.
10 Workers on the Manor There were two groups of peasant workers on the manor Freemen- skilled workers who paid rent and could leave the manor whenever they wished. (They usually had a skill needed by others on the manor.) Serfs – workers bound to the land by contract with the nobles. (They had no freedom - they where the noble’s property.)
11 Serfs and Village Life Please write down interesting facts about serfs and village life.
12 Feudal Contract LORDS VASSALS GIVE PROTECTION TO GIVE SERVICE TO
14 CONSTRUCTING THE PYRAMID OF POWER SERFS AND FREEMEN
15 CONSTRUCTING THE PYRAMID OF POWER LESSER NOBLES (KNIGHTS) LABORPROTECTION SERFS AND FREEMEN
16 CONSTRUCTING THE PYRAMID OF POWER LESSER NOBLES (KNIGHTS) LABORPROTECTION POWERFUL NOBLES SERFS AND FREEMEN LAND AND PROTECTION LOYALTY AND MILITARY SERVICE
17 CONSTRUCTING THE PYRAMID OF POWER LESSER NOBLES (KNIGHTS) LABORPROTECTION POWERFUL NOBLES KING SERFS AND FREEMEN LAND AND PROTECTION LAND LOYALTY AND SERVICE LOYALTY AND MILITARY SERVICE
18 REVIEW 1) Everyone owed loyalty to the ________ 2) _______ were really the most powerful. They got _______ from the king. 3) Lesser nobles (knights) gave _________ _________ in return for land 4) _______ were bound to the land. They worked in return for ____________. 5) __________ were skilled workers. They paid rent to the ______ and were free to move if they wanted to. Let’s see how much you remember!
19 Check Your Answers 1) Everyone owed loyalty to the king. 2) Nobles were really the most powerful. They got land from the king. 3) Lesser nobles (knights) gave military service in return for land. 4) Serfs were bound to the land. They worked in return for protection. 5) Freemen were skilled workers. They paid rent to the nobles and were free to move if they wanted to.
22 Rise of Feudalism Invasions in Japan around AD1100-1300 led to the development of the feudal society. Individual warring states in Japan around AD 1336, left the shogun and emperor as mere figureheads. Feudalism strong between 1100s – 1800s
23 Feudalism Samurai-powerful landowner- warriors in the countryside. Daimyo-the most powerful samurai Pledged loyalty and service to Daimyo Poor rice farmers paid high taxes for the right to farm a daimyo’s lands Daimyo protected farmers
24 Samurai Fought on horseback with bows, arrows, and steel swords. Dressed in loose fitting armor. Followed a strict code of honor called Bushido, meaning “the way of the warrior.” Bushido stressed bravery, self-discipline, and loyalty. It demanded that the samurai endure suffering and defend his honor at all costs. He was expected to commit suicide. Women were expected to be strong like the men.
25 Comparison of Feudalism in Europe and Japan EuropeJapan Nobilityking, lord, lesser lordemperor, shogun, daimyo Warriorsknightssamurai Code of conduct chivalrybushido Evolution Both practices developed in response to the need for security and stability everyone had well-defined social roles helped preserve law and order
26 Comparing Feudalism’s In a paragraph compare feudalism in Europe with feudalism in Japan. Please turn it in.