Presentation on theme: "Standard and E.Q.: SSWH7 The student will analyze European medieval society with regard to culture, politics, society, and economics. a. Explain the manorial."— Presentation transcript:
1 Standard and E.Q.:SSWH7 The student will analyze European medieval society with regard to culture, politics, society, and economics.a. Explain the manorial system and feudalism; include the status of peasants and feudal monarchies and the importance of Charlemagne.EQ: How was Feudal Society structured? What was the role of knights and women during Feudal times?
3 Monarchs or Kings Became weaker after Charlemagne Remained highest authorityControlled land
4 Lords and Nobles Lived on Manors in Castles Included power clergy Hunted, defended manor, oversaw serfs, and settled legal disputes
5 KnightsTrained warriors who studied warfare from age sevenFollowed code of ChivalryExchanged military service for fief
6 PeasantsSerfs worked land for the lord. They could not leave the land.Freemen paid lord for use of land and could move around
7 Serf – a peasant legally bound to live on a lord’s estate. Vassal – a person who received a grant of land from a lord in exchange for a pledge of loyalty and services
8 King Grants Lands to Nobles Grants Lands to Knights Grants Lands to Provide money and knightsGrants Lands toNoblesProvide protection and military serviceGrants Lands toKnightsProvide food & services when demandedGrants Lands toPeasants or Serfs
10 The Code of ChivalryKnights were expected to display courage in battle and loyalty to their lord.By the 1100’s a code of chivalry was developed to describe these expectations.Primary focus: the knight must fight bravely in the defense of 3 masters: his feudal lord, his heavenly Lord, and his chosen lady.
11 Training By the age of 7 a boy would be sent off to the castle of another lord asa page.As a page, he waited onhis hosts and began topractice fighting skills.Around age 14 he attained the rank of squire. A squire acted as a servant to a knight.Around age 21 a squire became a full-fledged knight.
12 After being dubbed a knight, the new knight would travel for a year or two. The gained experience fighting in local wars.They may have taken part in mock battles called tournaments.Actual warfare was EXTREMELY gory.
13 Women’s role in Feudal Society Nobel womenCould inherit an estate from her husbandWith the lord’s approval she could also send knights to warWhen the lord was absent, she was military commander of the castle (she might even fight)
14 Most of the time noble women were limited to activities in the home or in the convent. Nobel women held little property because lords passed their fiefs to sons, not daughters.
15 Peasant WomenPerformed endless labor around their homes and in the fieldsShe bore children and took care of them