2 Alcohol….what is it?Alcohol is a drug that acts as a powerful depressant (depressants slow down your bodies nervous system).
3 Alcohol as a drug Legal vs. Illegal drug – which is it? Drug abuse - what is it?Ethanol, what drinks is it found in?Proof – what does it mean?
4 Class Questions to Answer Who uses Alcohol?Why do people drink?Legal Risks?
5 Alcohols Effects on the Body Once alcohol reaches the blood, it is circulated throughout the body and affects every part, including the brain and the rest of the nervous system
6 Short Term Physical Effects Bloodstream – Causes blood vessels to widen, more blood goes to skin surface. This allows body heat to escape, dropping body temp.Brain – Once reaches brain, slows down activities. Drinking to much, the brain looses too many activities and blackouts occurLiver – Chemically breaks down alcohol into energy and waste (CO2 and H20Kidneys – Alcohol prevents release of chemicals that regulate urine function (ADH Anti-Diuretic Hormone)
7 Blood Alcohol Concentration (BAC) This measures the number of milligrams of ethanol per 100 milliliters of blood.a BAC of 0.1 means that 1/10 of 1 percent of the fluid in the blood is ethanol.
8 Factors that affect a person’s BAC GenderAge, weight, and heightConcentration of alcohol in beverages consumedVolume of alcohol consumedRate of consumption
16 Alcoholism An addiction to alcohol. Psychologically, alcoholics consider drinking a regular, essential part of coping with daily life.Physically, an alcoholic’s body requires alcohol to function and feel normal.
18 “The urge to keep drinking, is the first sign of an addiction” Stages of AlcoholismEarly StageSocial drinkers, people who drink in small amounts of alcohol with meals and on special occasions, may try to relieve stress. Gradually, person drinks more excessively. Known as problem drinking“The urge to keep drinking, is the first sign of an addiction”
19 Middle StagePersons dependence on alcohol become absolute. Generally, person cannot stop after one drink. Refusal to acknowledge drinking problem, thus outwardly appear normal
20 Stages of Alcoholism - continued Late StagePerson deteriorate mentally, emotionally, and physically. Their lives begin to revolve around drinking. Reverse tolerance occurs.
21 Treatment of Alcoholism Detoxification – removing alcohol from a persons body. Withdrawal symptoms occur.Rehabilitation – Process of learning to cope with the stress of everyday living without alcohol.Support Groups – Community, religious, and health organization the offer support for alcoholics
25 2Within seconds, the beverage passes through your esophagus and into your stomach
26 3Twenty percent of the alcohol is absorbed from your stomach into your bloodstream; the rest is absorbed from your intestines.
27 4The alcohol travels through your blood to your liver, where it’s broken down (metabolized). During this process, waste products called acetate and acetaldehyde are created.
28 5Acetate and acetaldehyde signal your body to stop burning fat. At the same time, your body starts MAKING fat from another product of alcohol, acetyl CoA
29 6Your body can effectively process only 0.5 to 1 ounce of alcohol per hour.So the more someone drink, the longer your body is inhibited from burning fat and the more fat builds up from the excess acetyl CoA.(A 12-ounce beer contains about 0.6 ounce of Alcohol)