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Chapter 19 Alcohol.

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Presentation on theme: "Chapter 19 Alcohol."— Presentation transcript:

1 Chapter 19 Alcohol

2 Alcohol….what is it? Alcohol is a drug that acts as a powerful depressant (depressants slow down your bodies nervous system).

3 Alcohol as a drug Legal vs. Illegal drug – which is it?
Drug abuse - what is it? Ethanol, what drinks is it found in? Proof – what does it mean?

4 Class Questions to Answer
Who uses Alcohol? Why do people drink? Legal Risks?

5 Alcohols Effects on the Body
Once alcohol reaches the blood, it is circulated throughout the body and affects every part, including the brain and the rest of the nervous system

6 Short Term Physical Effects
Bloodstream – Causes blood vessels to widen, more blood goes to skin surface. This allows body heat to escape, dropping body temp. Brain – Once reaches brain, slows down activities. Drinking to much, the brain looses too many activities and blackouts occur Liver – Chemically breaks down alcohol into energy and waste (CO2 and H20 Kidneys – Alcohol prevents release of chemicals that regulate urine function (ADH Anti-Diuretic Hormone)

7 Blood Alcohol Concentration (BAC)
This measures the number of milligrams of ethanol per 100 milliliters of blood. a BAC of 0.1 means that 1/10 of 1 percent of the fluid in the blood is ethanol.

8 Factors that affect a person’s BAC
Gender Age, weight, and height Concentration of alcohol in beverages consumed Volume of alcohol consumed Rate of consumption

9 Behavioral Effects Such as… Inhibitions….

10 Life-Threatening Short-Term Effects
Motor-Vehicle Crashes Synergism (Drug interaction that produce effects greater than alcohol alone) Overdose

11 Alcohol Overdose/Poisoning

12 Motor Vehicle Crash Victim

13 Long-Term Health Risks
Tolerance Dependence Brain Damage Digestive Problems Liver Damage Heart Disease Fetal Alcohol Syndrome

14 Liver Damage - Cirrhosis

15 Fetal Alcohol Syndrome

16 Alcoholism An addiction to alcohol.
Psychologically, alcoholics consider drinking a regular, essential part of coping with daily life. Physically, an alcoholic’s body requires alcohol to function and feel normal.


18 “The urge to keep drinking, is the first sign of an addiction”
Stages of Alcoholism Early Stage Social drinkers, people who drink in small amounts of alcohol with meals and on special occasions, may try to relieve stress. Gradually, person drinks more excessively. Known as problem drinking “The urge to keep drinking, is the first sign of an addiction”

19 Middle Stage Persons dependence on alcohol become absolute. Generally, person cannot stop after one drink. Refusal to acknowledge drinking problem, thus outwardly appear normal

20 Stages of Alcoholism - continued
Late Stage Person deteriorate mentally, emotionally, and physically. Their lives begin to revolve around drinking. Reverse tolerance occurs.

21 Treatment of Alcoholism
Detoxification – removing alcohol from a persons body. Withdrawal symptoms occur. Rehabilitation – Process of learning to cope with the stress of everyday living without alcohol. Support Groups – Community, religious, and health organization the offer support for alcoholics


23 How Does Alcohol Make you Fat?
A journey of how and why people get alcohol induced guts!

24 1 A 21 year old takes a drink of Alcohol

25 2 Within seconds, the beverage passes through your esophagus and into your stomach

26 3 Twenty percent of the alcohol is absorbed from your stomach into your bloodstream; the rest is absorbed from your intestines.

27 4 The alcohol travels through your blood to your liver, where it’s broken down (metabolized). During this process, waste products called acetate and acetaldehyde are created.

28 5 Acetate and acetaldehyde signal your body to stop burning fat. At the same time, your body starts MAKING fat from another product of alcohol, acetyl CoA

29 6 Your body can effectively process only 0.5 to 1 ounce of alcohol per hour. So the more someone drink, the longer your body is inhibited from burning fat and the more fat builds up from the excess acetyl CoA. (A 12-ounce beer contains about 0.6 ounce of Alcohol)

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