I. ALCOHOL l A drug that is produced by a chemical reaction in fruits, vegetables, and grains.
A. ETHYL ALCOHOL l Commonly called grain alcohol. Ethanol is the alcohol in beer, wine, and liquor. 1. Made by the FERMENTATION of sugar or yeast.
B. DEPRESSANT DRUG l SLOWS DOWN THE CENTRAL NERVOUS SYSTEM
l C. Alternatives to drinking –1. Sports –2. Theaters –3. Volunteering –4. Advocacy – SADD
II. Alcohol and the Body l It starts affecting the body the moment it enters the mouth. l A. Alcohol will slow your reaction time. –1. Reaction time is the ability of the body to respond quickly and appropriately to situations.
l B. Intoxication – Person’s mental and physical abilities have been impaired by alcohol.
C. BLOOD ALCOHOL CONCENTRATION l THE AMOUNT OF ETHANOL IN A PERSON’S BLOOD IS EXPRESSED BY A PERCENTAGE.
D. ALCOHOL POISONING l A dangerous condition that results when a person drinks excessive amounts of alcohol over a short period of time.
III. BAC A. WHAT EFFECTS BAC: 1. GENDER, AGE, WEIGHT, HEIGHT 2. OTHER DRUGS 3. AMOUNT OF FOOD IN THE STOMACH
4. GENERAL HEALTH 5. HOW MUCH YOU DRINK 6. HOW FAST YOU DRINK