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TOF Electronics Qi An Fast Electronics Lab, USTC Sept. 16~17, 2002.

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Presentation on theme: "TOF Electronics Qi An Fast Electronics Lab, USTC Sept. 16~17, 2002."— Presentation transcript:

1 TOF Electronics Qi An Fast Electronics Lab, USTC Sept. 16~17, 2002

2 Two Functions To provide a precision time measurement for Particles Identification To provide an event timing signal used by trigger system Time Resolution  Total of TOF system: 80ps (RMS)  Uncertainty from Electronics: 25ps (RMS)

3 TOF Readout Electronics Time Measurement Charge Measurement Mean Timer

4 TOF Signal Processing TOF Signal Processing. For simplicity, only a signal sector is shown

5 Time Measurement Multi-Hit Capability Time Resolution: 25 ps (RMS) Dynamic Range: 60 ns Discriminate with Double Threshold (Low & High) HPTDC

6 –High Precision General Purpose TDC (HPTDC) (J. Christiansen et al.) –32-channel TDC Bin 100, 200, 400 or 800 ps Dynamic range about 100  s –8-channel TDC (Very High Resolution Mode) Bin 25 ps Same dynamic range

7 Architecture The Timing Unit  Based On A 40MHz Clock  PLL  DLL  Coarse Counter  RC-Delay Line Data Processing Unit  Trigger Match  L1 Buffer  Read FIFO

8 Performance Of HPTDC

9 Two Options for Time Measurement HPTDC Without Time Stretcher (TS) - It will be our first choice HPTDC With Time Stretcher (TS) - KEK’s TS Daughter - Monolithic Integrated Time Stretcher (MTS1)

10 KEK’s Clocked Time Stretcher

11 HPTDC With Time Stretcher Principle of KEK’s Time Stretcher Feasibility of HPTDC with TS Scheme ▪ HPTDC Time resolution: 100ps ▪ Time Stretch: f = 4 ▪ 4 Time Tags (T1, T2, T3 & T4) for One TOF Hit ▪ Simultaneous Measure Leading and Trailing Edge of Signal with one channel of HPTDC ▪ Dead Time - TS Daughter board: 400ns (included a recovery time) - MTS1: No Dead Time with Ping Pang Mode

12 The Input & Output Signal of TS Input: TOF Hit Signal and Reformance Clock Output: Time Tag: T1, T2, T3 and T4 Δt = T2-T1; fΔt = T3-T2

13 Monolithic Time Stretcher (MTS1)

14 Technical Parameters of MTS1 Process: Agilent 0.5 mm CMOS, 3 metal, single poly, linear Capacitor 8 Channels: 8 LVDS inputs & 16 LVDS outputs (2x 8 channels) Programmable Stretch factor: 1:1 to 1:20 (1:4 will be used in BESIII) Ping-Pong Mode RF clock: LVDS pair (up to 100MHz) Package: 84-pin TQFP Functions

15 Evaluation of HPTDC Three ways of testing - HPTDC channel with KEK’s TS Daughter board - HPTDC channel with Monolithic TS chip - HPTDC channel without TS Test Board - VME 6U - A32, D32 Mode - LVDS Inputs

16 Charge Measurement Functions - To correct the Effect of Time Walk Two Options: - Amplitude Measurement - Waveform Digitization

17 Amplitude Measurement 12 Bits FADC FIFO Peak Detect Events Buffers VMEBus PMT Signal ~3.2µs pipeline

18 Option 2: Waveform Digitizer Analog Transient Waveform Digitizer (ATWD) ( Designed by LBNL) - Four Independent Channels - Sample Rate : 0.3~2 GSPS - Resolution: 10 Bit - 128 Analog Memories - 128 Wilkinson Type ADC with 40 MHz counter clock Ping Pang Mode to Reduce the Dead Time

19 Ping Pang Mode 4 2:1 MUX Trig. Logic Control Logic AWTD A AWTD B Output Buffer 4 PMT signals 4 Disc. Outputs L1 Trigger ADC Output Data

20 40MHz Reference Clock Using RF Clock as t0 instead of “Pick Up” signal for the beam collision time Getting a 40MHz clock from RF signal as a reference clock for HPTDC & others The Jitters should be less than 20ps RMS

21 Design Strategies for 40MHz Clock Using PLL technique to generate 40MHz clock and clean up the input clock. Using an optical transfer system with 80m Phase Stabilized Optical Fiber (PSOF). Using low skew & low jitter clock driver for clock distribution.

22 Block diagram of reference clock system

23 PLL: SY89421V SY89421V Precision PLL (Micrel Semiconductor) –Input Range: 12MHz-560MHz with internal VCO operation 2GHz with HF Inputs and External VCO –Output Range: >1GHz with Internal VCO 2.0GHz with External VCO –Two Output Pairs: HF Outputs (VCO Output) F Outputs (post dividers) –External Loop Filter –Jitter: 10ps RMS (Typ), 15ps RMS (Max) –Internal programmable dividers offer 1-40 range.

24 40MHz clock Circuit RF Signal Input 500MHz Phase Detector VCO N-Divider 1,2,4,8,10,12,16,20 40MHz Clock Out HFout Fout SY89421V P-Div 1, 2 N Divider = 12 P-Divider = 1 Fout = Fin /12 =40MHz

25 NB100LVEP221 85 ps Typical Device–to–Device Skew 20 ps Typical Output–to–Output Skew Jitter Less than 1 ps RMS Maximum Frequency > 1.0 GHz Typical Thermally Enhanced 52–Lead LQFP VBB Output 540 ps Typical Propagation Delay LVPECL & HSTL Mode LVECL Mode Clock Fanout: 1:20

26 Test Board for PLL & Fannout

27 Total Electronics Requirements FEE Boards (16 ch/board):28 Leading Edge Discriminators : 896 (HL & LL) Trigger Outputs :272 TDC Channels :448 ADC Channels :448 Pre_Amplifiers:176 ( If CTTs are used )

28 Thanks

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