Presentation on theme: "Three Branches Of the U.S. Government “Checks and Balances”"— Presentation transcript:
1 Three Branches Of the U.S. Government “Checks and Balances”
2 Legislative Branch Having the function of making laws Article I – Section.1.All legislative Powersherein granted shall bevested in a Congressof the United States,which shall consist of aSenate and House ofRepresentatives.
3 Legislative Branch Congress The national legislative body of the United States consisting of theSenate,or upper house,and the House of Representatives, or lower house
4 Executive Branch Article II – Section. 1. “The Executive Power shall be vested in a President of the United States of America. He shall hold hisOffice during a Term of four years, and together with the Vice President, chosen for the same term, be elected, as follows…”
5 Judicial Branch Article III – Section.1. “The judicial Power of the United States shall bevested in one SupremeCourt, and in such inferiorCourts as the Congressmay from time to timeordain and establish…”
6 Separation of Powers A way of dividing power among three branches of government in whichmembers of the House of Representatives,members of the Senate, the President, andThe Federal Courts are selected by andresponsible for distinct functions.
7 Checks and Balances The constitutional doctrine in which each branches of government shares some of thepowers of the other branches in order to limittheir actions.Example: Congress passes a law –President vetoes it – Congress overrides veto with2/3 majority vote - Supreme Court ruleson Constitutionality of law.
8 Enumerated Powers Seventeen specific powers granted to Congress under Article I – Section. 8. , of theU.S. Constitution;These powers include but are notlimited to taxation, coinage of money, regulation ofcommerce, and the authority to provide fornational defense.
9 Congressional Powers Implied Powers Those powers not specifically listed in theConstitution that can beinferred from theenumerated powers.Ex: Power to draftpeople into the armyInherent PowersThose powers that belongto the government of asovereign state and donot have to be granted bythe Constitution.Ex: conducting foreignaffairs
10 Elastic Clause A name given to the “necessary and proper clause” found in the final paragraph ofArticle I – Section. 8., of the U.S. Constitution.It gives Congress the authority to pass alllaws “necessary and proper” to carry out theenumerated powers specified in theConstitution.Example: environmental protection laws
11 Executive Privilege The doctrine that the President does not have to share certain information withCongress or the Judiciary Branch.Executive Privilege, in general, does not outweigh the demand for evidence in a criminal trial, if national security issues are not involved.
12 Veto The formal constitutional authority of the President to reject bills passed byboth houses of Congress thuspreventing their becoming law withoutfuture Congressional action.
13 Judicial Review The authority of a court to review the acts of the legislature, the executive, orstates to determine the constitutionality.
14 Unconstitutional A law or action that is unauthorized by or inconsistent with the Constitution ofthe United States of America.