5 STELLAR: Strategies for English Language Learning and Reading What is STELLAR?STELLAR: Strategies for English Language Learning and Reading
6 The STELLAR Pedagogic Model (Lower Primary) Modified Language Experience ApproachShared Book Approach1Reading for understanding and enjoyment2Explicit teaching of language items, structures and skillsword study & phonicsgrammar & vocabularymedia & visual literacyspeech & dramaFollow-up activities e.g.art & craftmusic3Shared experience followed by Class Writing4Group writing5Individual writingScaffolding for Success6 Differentiated Learning through Learning Centres: E.g. Reading Centre, Word Study Centre, Listening Centre
7 The STELLAR Unit Plan (Upper Primary) Part/Component123456ActivitySustained Silent ReadingSupported ReadingOr KWLOr RetellingLanguage: Oral and Written ActivitiesClass writingGroup writingIndividual writingLearning CentresExamples of Targeted Skills/KnowledgeReading strategies, thinking study skillsExplicit instruction in oracy, word studyWriting, both composing and editing processes with some opportunities for speaking, listening and visual literacyDifferentiated practice of all language skills
8 Shared Book Approach 1 Reading for Understanding and Enjoyment Procedures1. Tuning-in: Share a relevant poem or song.2. Reread a familiar favourite Big Book.3. Introduce the new Big Book.- Relate the cover content to prior knowledge.- Show cover and read the title, author and illustrator.- Ask questions/ask for predictions about the story.4. First reading:- Read the book aloud, pointing to the words fluidly as you read.- Ask for predictions or ask questions to focus on illustrations.5. Second Reading:- Reread the book straight through without stopping.- Have pupils respond to the story in some way (book-based.)
10 Questioning Techniques When questioning and making predictionsKeep your child involvedStimulate his/her thinkingAid in developing comprehension strategyOpen-ended questions rather than “yes”-”no” questions to encourage your child to talkAvoid killing interest in the story by asking too many questionsWhat are some of the types of questions one can ask?
11 Shared Book Approach 2 Explicit Teaching of Language Procedures1.Tuning-in: Share a relevant poem or song.2.Reread a familiar favourite Big Book.3.Rereading the current Big Book:Recall the story.Reread the book straight through without stopping.Have pupils relate their personal experiences to the book.4.Follow-up activities.
12 Shared Book Approach 2 Video SBA2 As you view the video, take note of the types of follow-up activities shown.
13 Follow-up Activities From the video: 1. Identifying concepts of print 2. Identifying target vocabulary3. Teaching phonemic awareness4. Learning letters and sounds5. Developing reading comprehension with riddles6. Learning language structures – a guessing game7. Practising language through dramatisation
14 MLEA Experience & Class Writing Procedures for MLEA 1Tuning in: Sing a song or recite a poem related to the current Big Book.Reread a familiar Big Book chosen by the pupils.Reread the current Big Book.Provide a thematic linkProvide experienceClass writingReading class writing
15 MLEA Experience & Class Writing VideoMLEA 1b & 1c
17 MLEA 2 Group Writing Tuning in: sing a song or recite a poem. ProceduresTuning in: sing a song or recite a poem.Rereading a familiar Big Book chosen by the pupils.Rereading the current Big Book.Rereading the Class Writing from Part 1BrainstormingGroup Writing (Mixed Ability Grouping):1) Drafting2) Editing3) Publishing & illustratingReading Group Story
19 MLEA 3 Individual Writing ProceduresTuning in: sing a song or recite a poemRereading a familiar Big BookRereading the current Big BookRereading Class Writing from Part 1Rereading the Group Writing from Part 2Individual Writing1) Drafting2) Conferencing3) Publishing & illustratingReading Individual Writing
21 MLEA 3 Pointers for Individual Writing It is important that your child uses the target language in the writing.Encourage your child to be creative and vary his/her usage of the target language.
22 STELLAR Learning Centres The Listening CentreThe Reading CentreThe Word Study CentreAdditional for upper primary:The Drama & Creativity CentreThe Computer CentreThe Writing Centre
23 STELLAR Learning Centres VideoLC Lessons 1 to 3
24 Supported Reading Procedures Sustained Silent Reading Setting a PurposeIntroduce the text – using PowerPoint slides or the text on a visualiser- Relate the cover content to prior knowledge.- Ask questions / ask for predictions about the story.- Have pupils read the text silently and discuss the text insections.4. Rereading- Give pupils the text.- Have pupils read the entire text again silently.- Elicit responses about the text.
25 K-W-L Know-Want-Learnt Begin by asking pupils to brainstorm on everything they Know about a topic.Ask pupils for questions about what they Want to Know about the topic.Any new information that they have Learnt is recorded.K-W-L
27 Writing Process CycleThe basic and interrelated steps of the writing processcycle involve:PlanningWriting – includes word processingReviewing – rereading for revising (e.g. redrafting, editing for correcting spelling, punctuation, changing word order, etc.)