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Presentation on theme: "Good Morning."— Presentation transcript:

1 Good Morning

2 Good Afternoon

3 Geography 5 Themes of Geography

4 what is geography? Who can tell me what is geography?
Everything is Geography! And Geography is Everything!

5 what is geography? Mountains Religions People Agriculture Rainfall
With a teammate, can you divide these items into 2 equal groups? What would you title each of your groups? Mountains Religions People Agriculture Rainfall Rivers Animals Languages Cities Deserts

6 2 Branches of Geography Human Physical Geography Geography Mountains
Rainfall Animals Rivers Deserts People Cities Religions Agriculture Languages Human Geography Physical Geography

7 what is geography? The study of spatial variation
How and why things differ from place to place on the surface of the earth The study of how observable spatial patterns evolved through time

8 Spatial variation: predominant religion

9 Why spatial variation exists: earthquakes

10 Spatial variation over time: deforestation

11 what is geography? Geography is a spatial science Spatial behavior of people Spatial relationships between places Spatial processes that create or maintain those behaviors and relationships

12 Spatial behavior of people: population

13 Spatial relationships between places: trade

14 Spatial processes: urban commuting

15 Spatial, spatial, spatial
still confused? -adjective 1. of or pertaining to space. 2. existing or occurring in space; having extension in space

16 Spatial, spatial, spatial
OK, try this: Slap the desk of your neighbor. What happened in the room?

17 Say Hello to PLIRM The 5 Themes of Geography Place Location
Interaction (Human/Environment) Region Movement

18 Five themes of geography
1) Place: the distinctive and distinguishing physical and human characteristics of locales. How you describe a “place.” Vocab : Physical geography and cultural landscape, sense of place Skills: Description, compare and contrast Questions: What does ____ look like? Why? How is it different from ____?

19 five themes of geography: Place
Every place has characteristics that are natural and some that are man-made. Examples of Physical or Natural include: weather, climate, natural vegetation, landforms, bodies of water, native animal life, etc. Examples of Human and Cultural include: jobs and economic activities, population distribution and density, religion, government, food, types of homes, education, history, language, etc.

20 five themes of geography: Place
Every place is a place – we study the character and meaning of that place We have a “Sense of Place” (ex: the feeling of home). We have a “Perception of Place” (even if you’ve never been somewhere, you think you know what it’s like from TV, movies, others, pictures, etc.







27 Five themes of geography
2) Location: the meaning of absolute and relative position on the earth's surface Vocab : Global Positioning Systems (GPS), scale, latitude and longitude, distance Skills: Map reading, identification Questions: Where is ____? Where is ____ relative to where I am?

28 Relative and absolute location
Everyone Stand up! Tell the person next to you: Where you were born? Where you live? (not exact address of course… creepers!) Where’s the most beautiful place you’ve ever been?

29 Clear Falls High School
Location: degrees North degrees West YOU ARE HERE

30 Five themes of geography
3) Interaction (Human/Environment): The relationships within places or the development and consequences of human-environment relationships Vocab : Ecosystems, resource, environmental hazard, pollution Skills: Evaluation, analysis Questions: What human-environment relationships are occurring? How do they affect the place and its inhabitants?

31 Five themes of geography: INTERACTION
3) Interaction (Human/Environment): This is how people ADAPT to their environment. EX: People that move to a cold climate would have to change their style by buying warmer clothes. Also…

32 Five themes of geography: INTERACTION
How people CHANGE (modify) the environment! EX: Building subdivisions on what was once a forest or building levees along rivers.





37 Good Afternoon Look over PLIRM lists and make sure you have Examples and Drawings!

38 Five themes of geography: Regions
4) Regions: how they form and change An area with one or more common characteristics that make it different from surrounding areas Formal Regions Regions defined by governmental or administrative boundaries (States, Countries, Cities) Regions defined by similar characteristics (Corn Belt, Rocky Mountain region, Chinatown). Functional Regions Regions defined area organized around a NODE or focal point (newspaper service area, cell phone coverage area, subway). Vernacular/Perceptual Regions Regions defined by peoples perception of something existing based on people’s cultural identity (middle east, the south, or home.) Skills: Synthesis, application Questions: How has this spatial pattern developed? Will it continue to change?

39 Five themes of geography: Regions
4) Regions: how they form and change A region can be a place united by PHYSICAL conditions. EX: A desert, forest, mountain range, plain, or a coast can be described as a region

40 Five themes of geography: Regions
4) Regions: how they form and change A region can also be somewhere that is united by SIMILAR cultural traits. EX: A place that is largely populated by people of the Muslim religion would be considered a region.








48 Formal? Functional? Perceptual?

49 Can a place be included in more than one region?

50 Five themes of geography
5) Movement: patterns and change in human spatial interaction on the earth Vocab: Migration, diffusion, globalization Skills: Explanation, prediction Questions: Why did people move from one place to another? What does it mean for the people and places involved? What affect did their new ideas have on the native population?

51 Worldwide Net Migration




55 P L I R M

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