4 what is geography? Who can tell me what is geography? Everything is Geography!AndGeography is Everything!
5 what is geography? Mountains Religions People Agriculture Rainfall With a teammate, can you divide these items into 2 equal groups? What would you title each of your groups?MountainsReligionsPeopleAgricultureRainfallRiversAnimalsLanguagesCitiesDeserts
6 2 Branches of Geography Human Physical Geography Geography Mountains RainfallAnimalsRiversDesertsPeopleCitiesReligionsAgricultureLanguagesHumanGeographyPhysical Geography
7 what is geography? The study of spatial variation How and why things differ from place to place on the surface of the earthThe study of how observable spatial patterns evolved through time
15 Spatial, spatial, spatial still confused?-adjective1. of or pertaining to space.2. existing or occurring in space; having extension in space
16 Spatial, spatial, spatial OK, try this:Slap the desk of your neighbor.What happened in the room?
17 Say Hello to PLIRM The 5 Themes of Geography Place Location Interaction (Human/Environment)RegionMovement
18 Five themes of geography 1) Place: the distinctive and distinguishing physical and human characteristics of locales. How you describe a “place.”Vocab : Physical geography and cultural landscape, sense of placeSkills: Description, compare and contrastQuestions: What does ____ look like? Why? How is it different from ____?
19 five themes of geography: Place Every place has characteristics that are natural and some that are man-made.Examples of Physical or Natural include: weather, climate, natural vegetation, landforms, bodies of water, native animal life, etc.Examples of Human and Cultural include: jobs and economic activities, population distribution and density, religion, government, food, types of homes, education, history, language, etc.
20 five themes of geography: Place Every place is a place – we study the character and meaning of that placeWe have a “Sense of Place” (ex: the feeling of home).We have a “Perception of Place” (even if you’ve never been somewhere, you think you know what it’s like from TV, movies, others, pictures, etc.
27 Five themes of geography 2) Location: the meaning of absolute and relative position on the earth's surfaceVocab : Global Positioning Systems (GPS), scale, latitude and longitude, distanceSkills: Map reading, identificationQuestions: Where is ____? Where is ____ relative to where I am?
28 Relative and absolute location Everyone Stand up!Tell the person next to you:Where you were born?Where you live?(not exact address of course… creepers!)Where’s the most beautiful place you’ve ever been?
29 Clear Falls High School Location:degrees Northdegrees WestYOU ARE HERE
30 Five themes of geography 3) Interaction (Human/Environment):The relationships within places or the development and consequences of human-environment relationshipsVocab : Ecosystems, resource, environmental hazard, pollutionSkills: Evaluation, analysisQuestions: What human-environment relationships are occurring? How do they affect the place and its inhabitants?
31 Five themes of geography: INTERACTION 3) Interaction (Human/Environment):This is how people ADAPT to their environment.EX: People that move to a cold climate would have to change their style by buying warmer clothes.Also…
32 Five themes of geography: INTERACTION How people CHANGE (modify) the environment!EX: Building subdivisions on what was once a forest or building levees along rivers.
37 Good Afternoon Look over PLIRM lists and make sure you have Examples and Drawings!
38 Five themes of geography: Regions 4) Regions: how they form and changeAn area with one or more common characteristics that make it different from surrounding areasFormal RegionsRegions defined by governmental or administrative boundaries (States, Countries, Cities)Regions defined by similar characteristics (Corn Belt, Rocky Mountain region, Chinatown).Functional RegionsRegions defined area organized around a NODE or focal point (newspaper service area, cell phone coverage area, subway).Vernacular/Perceptual RegionsRegions defined by peoples perception of something existing based on people’s cultural identity (middle east, the south, or home.)Skills: Synthesis, applicationQuestions: How has this spatial pattern developed? Will it continue to change?
39 Five themes of geography: Regions 4) Regions: how they form and changeA region can be a place united by PHYSICAL conditions.EX: A desert, forest, mountain range, plain, or a coast can be described as a region
40 Five themes of geography: Regions 4) Regions: how they form and changeA region can also be somewhere that is united by SIMILAR cultural traits.EX: A place that is largely populated by people of the Muslim religion would be considered a region.
49 Can a place be included in more than one region?
50 Five themes of geography 5) Movement: patterns and change in human spatial interaction on the earthVocab: Migration, diffusion, globalizationSkills: Explanation, predictionQuestions: Why did people move from one place to another? What does it mean for the people and places involved? What affect did their new ideas have on the native population?