2 what is geography? Who can tell me what is geography? Geography is the study of everything on Earth!
3 what is geography? Rocks Religions People Agriculture Rainfall Rivers With a partner, can you divide these items into 2 equal groups? What would you title each of your groups?RocksReligionsPeopleAgricultureRainfallRiversAnimalsLanguagesCitiesDeserts
4 2 Branches of Geography Human Physical Geography Geography Rocks RainfallAnimalsRiversDesertsPeopleCitiesReligionsAgricultureLanguagesHumanGeographyPhysical Geography
5 what is geography?Geography is a spatial scienceSpatial behavior of peopleSpatial relationships between placesSpatial processes that create or maintain those behaviors and relationships
6 Spatial, spatial, spatial still confused?-adjective1. of or pertaining to space.2. existing or occurring in space; having extension in space
7 Spatial, spatial, spatial OK, try this:Slap the desk of your neighbor.What happened in the room?
8 Say Hello to PLIRM The 5 Themes of Geography Place Location Interaction (Human/Environment)RegionMovement
9 Five themes of geography: Place Place: the distinctive and distinguishing physical and human characteristics of localesQuestions: What does ____ look like? Why? How is it different from ____?
10 five themes of geography: Place Every place has characteristics that are man-made as well as having those that nature provides.Examples of Physical or Natural include: weather, climate, natural vegetation, landforms, bodies of water, native animal life, etc.Examples of Human and Cultural include: jobs and economic activities, population distribution and density, religion, government, food, types of homes, education, history, language, etc.
11 five themes of geography: Place Every place is a place – we study the character and meaning of that placeWe have a “Sense of Place” (ex: the feeling of home).We have a “Perception of Place” (even if you’ve never been somewhere, you think you know what it’s like from TV, movies, others, pictures, etc.
18 Five themes of geography: Location 2) Location: the meaning of absolute and relative position on the earth's surfaceVocab : Global Positioning Systems (GPS), scale, latitude and longitude, distanceQuestions: Where is ____? Where is ____ relative to where I am?
19 Relative and absolute location Everyone Stand up!Tell the person next to you:Where you live?(not exact address of course… creepers!)That is an example of Relative location!
20 Clear Falls High School Location:degrees Northdegrees WestYOU ARE HERELatitude and Longitude is absolute location!
21 Five themes of geography: INTERACTION 3) Interaction (Human/Environment):This is how people ADAPT to their environment.EX: People that move to a cold climate would have to change their style by buying warmer clothes.Also…
22 Five themes of geography: INTERACTION How people CHANGE the environment!EX: Building subdivisions on what was once a forest or building levees along rivers.
27 Five themes of geography: Regions Region- an area with one or more common features that make it different from surrounding areas.
28 Five themes of geography: Regions A region can be a place united by PHYSICAL conditions.EX: A desert, forest, mountain range, plain, or a coast can be described as a region
29 Five themes of geography: Regions A region can also be somewhere that is united by SIMILAR cultural traits.EX: A place that is largely populated by people of the Muslim religion would be considered a region.
32 Can a place be included in more than one region?
33 Five themes of geography: Movement 5) Movement: patterns and change in human spatial interaction on the earthEX: A family goes on vacation and leaves from Houston to go to Washington D.C., they must physically move thereOr…..EX: You simply go to a friends house to hang outAlso…..
34 Five themes of geography: Movement Movement is the exchange of goods and ideas.Ex: UPS moves goods across the country without people actually coming into direct contact
40 Five themes of geography: Regions 4) Regions: how they form and changeFormal RegionsRegions defined by governmental or administrative boundaries (States, Countries, Cities)Regions defined by similar characteristics (Corn Belt, Rocky Mountain region, Chinatown).Functional RegionsRegions defined area organized around a NODE or focal point (newspaper service area, cell phone coverage area, subway).Vernacular/Perceptual RegionsRegions defined by peoples perception of something existing based on people’s cultural identity (middle east, the south, or home.)Skills: Synthesis, applicationQuestions: How has this spatial pattern developed? Will it continue to change?