Presentation on theme: "+ The Sun. Sun Facts Makes life on our planet possible by giving us great amounts of light and heat Contains about 98% of the mass of the entire Solar."— Presentation transcript:
Sun Facts Makes life on our planet possible by giving us great amounts of light and heat Contains about 98% of the mass of the entire Solar System. Is just a medium sized star (yellow dwarf). Is the center of our Solar System. All the planets and other objects orbit around it. Contains darkspots that are known as sunspots.
Sun Facts The Sun is a ball of hot gases: mostly hydrogen and helium The average distance from the Earth to the Sun is 93,000,000 miles. It takes light eight and a half minutes to travel from the Sun to the Earth. The diameter of the Sun is 870,000 miles, 109 times larger than the Earth's. Its volume is big enough to hold over 1 million Earths.
Photosphere Inner layer of sun’s atmosphere Photo=light Sphere that gives off visible light
Chromosphere Middle layer of sun’s atmosphere Chroma=color Color sphere Reddish glow
Corona White halo around the sun Corona=crown Seen during a total solar eclipse Outer layer of sun’s atmosphere Corona extends into space for millions of kilometers and gradually thins into streams of electrically charges particles called the solar wind
Features on the Sun Sunspots Prominences Solar Flares
Sunspots Dark spots on the sun’s surface Areas of gas on the sun’s surface that are cooler than the gases around them Cooler gases don’t give off as much light as hotter gases The number of sunspots varies over a period of about 11 years
Solar Wind=1 million mph The source of the solar wind is the Sun's hot corona. The temperature of the corona is so high that the Sun's gravity cannot hold on to it. Solar flares can greatly increase the solar wind from the corona=increase in the number of particles reaching Earth’s upper atmosphere
Auroras When particles enter they create powerful electric currents that cause gas molecules to glow=auroras Solar wind particles can also affect Earth’s magnetic field, causing magnetic storms Magnetic storms can disrupt radio, telephone, and TV signals