Presentation on theme: "Legislation and responsibilities. Employers must safeguard, so far as is reasonably practicable, the health, safety and welfare of their employees and."— Presentation transcript:
Employers must safeguard, so far as is reasonably practicable, the health, safety and welfare of their employees and others who may be affected by the work activity. Applies to all people at work including the self employed – including farmers and farm employees, contractors, visitors, vets and family workers.
To protect the health, safety and welfare of staff – to provide a safe workplace Most are subject to “so far as is reasonably practicable” i.e. the protection must be worth the cost To provide and maintain safe equipment and safe systems of work Safe use, handling, storage and transport of articles and substances
Provide information, instruction, training and supervision (if there are 5 or more staff) ◦ Provide a written safety policy ◦ Carry out risk assessments in writing ◦ provide a health and safety law poster entitled “Health and Safety law: What you should know” displayed in a prominent position and containing details of the enforcing authority.
(“employee” includes part-time, unpaid and family workers ) ◦ To take care of themselves and others ◦ To follow safety advice and instructions ◦ Not interfere with any safety device ◦ To report accidents ◦ To report hazards and risks
All accidents and all incidents of ill-health (caused from work) should be recorded Accidents include those that resulted in injury or damage and “near misses” – those which COULD have resulted in injury or damage
Some accidents, incidents and illnesses have to be reported to the Health and Safety Executive HSE - These include: accidents that cause an employee to be off sick for three days or more, Following a work accident he/she is admitted to hospital for 24 hours or more; serious injuries; i.e Fracture, unconscious, amputation certain work related illnesses (e.g repetitive strain) accidents to non-employees if they are taken to hospital from the scene of the accident (even if they are discharged straight away.
Who is recording the information Who was hurt (or nearly hurt) ◦ Name, status (farmer, worker, contractor) Where and When did it happen (or nearly happen) If injured ◦ What is the injury ◦ What caused the injury (Hit, fall, gas, animal attack) Account of the accident – as factual as possible with any information from witnesses
Employers ◦ must protect employees whilst at work and provide suitable supervision and training ◦ May have to provide written risk assessments and safety policy Employees must work safely without risking yourself or others The law applies to everyone at work and anyone can be prosecuted if they do not act safely You must report accidents
A risk assessment is simply a careful examination of what, in your work, could cause harm to people, so that you can weigh up whether you have taken sufficient precautions or should do more to prevent harm. Focus on most significant risk first
Hazard ◦ is anything that may cause harm, such as chemicals, electricity, working from ladders, animals, animal faeces, vehicles, machinery etc; Risk ◦ is the chance, high or low, that somebody could be harmed by these and other hazards, together with an indication of how serious the harm could be.
1. Identify the hazards 2. Decide who might be harmed and how 3. Evaluate the risks and decide on precautions 4. Record your findings and implement them 5. Review your assessment and update if necessary
Control measures are put in place to protect workers from hazards and risks that have been identified The hierarchy of controls (next slide) Employers are allowed to take costs into account and work their way down the list until a suitable solution at reasonable cost has been identified
Elimination ◦ Can you avoid using the equipment/material Substitution ◦ Can you use equipment/materials that are safer Controlling risks at source ◦ Putting on guards, moving controls, refuges in bull pen Training, instruction and supervision ◦ Safe lifting, Sprayer training, warning signs Personal protective equipment ◦ Safety boots, goggles, gloves
Must only be used as a last resort i.e. when no other protection can be provided at reasonable cost Examples ; ◦ Gloves, goggles, hard hats, hearing protectors, warm clothing (in cold conditions), safety shoes or boots, respirators etc
Operation - Tedding grass Hazard associated with the activity PTO entanglement What is the risk / how likely is it to happen Medium – not often near the shaft – only when putting on/off and blockages
How could the risk be reduced – give two examples Stop tractor before leaving cab taking keys PTO guard in place What Personal Protective Equipment should be used, if any None - just avoid loose clothing when working at machine
How could you communicate the message (including signs) Safety instruction before first use including the need to stop the tractor before leaving the cab Reminder signs in the cab or on the machine (normally come on the machine – don’t remove)