Presentation on theme: "An Introduction to Risk Assessment"— Presentation transcript:
1 An Introduction to Risk Assessment Trainer:Gerard McCarthyAIfL, ATLS, TechIOSH.
2 Risk AssessmentAim: To identify the factors to be considered in Risk Assessment. Objective: To create a suitable and sufficient Risk Assessment.
3 The Law The Health and Safety At Work Act etc (1974) General Duties of Employers to Employees (Section 2):‘’It shall be the duty of every employer to ensure, so far as reasonably practicable, the Health, Safety and Welfare of all his employees’’.
4 The Law The Health and Safety At Work Act etc (1974) Duties extend to include:2.2a Safe plant and systems of work2.2b Safe handling, storage and transport of articles and substances2.2c Information, instruction, training and supervision2.2d Safe access and egress to workplace2.2e Safe environment and welfare facilities
5 RegulationsThe Management of Health & Safety at Work Regulations (1999)Regulation 3: Risk AssessmentRegulation 10: Information for employeesRegulation 11: Cooperation and CoordinationRegulation 14 Employees duties:Work as trainedReport any short comings
6 Risk Assessment What is a Hazard? A hazard is something with the potential to cause harmWhat is a Risk?A risk is the chance (or likelihood) of harm being caused
7 Common Hazards Mechanical Machine Hazards Entanglement Trapping Impact ContactEjectionNon-Mechanical Machine HazardsAccess (slips, trips and falls)Lifting and HandlingElectricityFire & ExplosionNoise & Vibration
8 Common ControlsMechanical Machine Hazard control: GuardsInterlocking (disables machinery until guard is replaced).Distance fixed guards (restrict access using a perimeter around machinery).Automatic Guards (operate as part of machine process)Self adjusting guards (restrict access when machine is in operation).Two handed operation (ensures hands are away machine actions).
9 Common Controls Non-Mechanical Machine Hazard control. Good housekeepingPlanned maintenanceSensible behaviourReporting hazardsInformation, instruction, training and supervision
10 Conducting the Risk Assessment The five steps to conducting a risk assessment are:Identify the hazards. Systematically identify all significant hazards that exist from work activities.Evaluate the risks. Identify the likelihood of harm actually occurring and the severity of likely injuries/damage that could occur. Identify the people that could be affected.Implementing control measures. Remove the hazard or control its possible impact.Recording the findings. (5 or more employees) Record all significant findings e.g. it is not necessary to record the possibility that someone may slip on a clean, dry, level floor. Findings of the assessment must be communicated to affected personnel.Monitoring and reviewing the assessment. Risk assessments shall be reviewed annually and when there is a change in circumstances, such as new equipment or implementation of control measures.
11 Evaluating the riskThe following combination of severity and likelihood will give an indication of the risk involved for each hazard. (Risk = Severity x Likelihood)Severity (consequences)1. No injury2. Minor Injury/minor damage to property3. Major Injury/ serious damage to Property4. Fatality.5. Multiple fatalityLikelihood1. Very Unlikely2. Unlikely3. Possible4. Very Likely5.CertainSeverity12345Likelihood681091215162025A score of five or above requires control measures to reduce the risk to one that is reasonably practicable. Nine and above require immediate attention
12 Hierarchy of Control PIGSRISE (reverse) Eliminate, Substitute, Isolate,Reduce,Safe Systems of Work,Good Housekeeping,IITS,PPEERICPDEliminateReduceIsolateControlPersonal Protective EquipmentDiscipline
14 Further InformationFurther information can be obtained from the Health and Safety Executive website.orThe European Agency for Safety and Health at Work
15 Summary Employers must undertake Risk Assessments By Law. Involve employees in carrying out Risk Assessments.Follow the “5 steps to Risk Assessment”;Identify the hazardsDecide who can be harmedEvaluate the risk (high, medium, low)Record significant findingsReview and reviseProvide Information, Instruction, Training and Supervision and communicate the findings of the Risk Assessments to employees.