Characteristics of Expressway Driving Roadway Speed Interchanges No cross traffic Median Tollbooths Entrance/exit ramps Limited access More lanes 55-65 MPH Minimum 45 mph IPDE faster Predict sudden stop
Other Users Signs & Signals Characteristics of Expressway Driving No pedestrians Trucks Motorcycles Construction Emergency vehicle Green guide signs Merge No traffic signals Interstate signs
Advantages to Expressway Driving Designed for low-risk higher speed travel Safer than other highways No cross traffic Median or barrier separates oncoming traffic Pedestrians & slow moving cars are not allowed Wide shoulders = good escape paths Signs help anticipate conditions early
Safe Driving Strategies Collisions can be more serious Know where you are going Obey speed limit or common speed Build experience gradually Give full attention to driving task Cooperate with other drivers
3 Parts of Entrance Ramp See picture in textbook page 225 1. Entrance Ramp 2. Acceleration Lane 3. Merging Area
Step # 1 1. Entrance you want ? 2.Is it an entrance? Steps for ENTERING expressway
Step # 2 Check zones Signal Check rearview mirror and blind spot Steps for ENTERING expressway
Step # 3 increase speed check mirrors check blind spot (just before moving over) ACCELERATE!!!! Steps for ENTERING expressway
Step # 4 Find TARGET (car) to follow adjust speed merge smoothly Steps for ENTERING expressway
Step # 5 Cancel signal adjust to speed of traffic Steps for ENTERING expressway
Speed limits Minimum speed limit Driving too slowly can be dangerous on an expressway, highways have a set lowest speed Common speed Drive at the common speed used by most drivers so you can blend with expressway traffic, sometimes common speed is higher than maximum speed
Lane changing on expressway Steps for making lane change (page 233) Change one at a time, check mirrors, check blind spot, if path is clear then accelerate and move to next lane, cancel signal Problems with lane changing—see pictures on page 233 Two cars could be moving into the same open space, traffic in lane you are moving into may be going much faster
Exiting Expressway page 236 STEPS: 1.at least ½ mile ahead of exit move into the lane that leads to exit, do not reduce speed until you are in deceleration lane 2.move into deceleration lane, cancel signal 3.flash brake lights to warn drivers behind you are slowing, check rear zones 4. identify ramp speed, check your speed, predict a yield sign, a stop sign or signal light at end of exit
Make a lane change right! If this driver wants to get off on Palatine Rd. what should they be doing ASAP? Best Lane Choice: Middle/Right Lane
We want to exit at the upcoming exit but what else do we need to look for?
You do not want to exit at Kirchoff Road… what must you do here?