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© 2010 McGraw Hill Ryerson 12-1 COMPENSATION Third Canadian Edition Milkovich, Newman, Cole.

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Presentation on theme: "© 2010 McGraw Hill Ryerson 12-1 COMPENSATION Third Canadian Edition Milkovich, Newman, Cole."— Presentation transcript:

1 © 2010 McGraw Hill Ryerson 12-1 COMPENSATION Third Canadian Edition Milkovich, Newman, Cole


3 © 2010 McGraw Hill Ryerson 12-3 Government as Part of the Employment Relationship  government is a key stakeholder in compensation decision making.  governments’ usual interests are whether: procedures for determining pay are fair (pay discrimination) safety nets for the unemployed and disadvantaged are sufficient (minimum wage, employment insurance) employees are protected from exploitation (human rights, pay equity)

4 © 2010 McGraw Hill Ryerson 12-4 Employment Standards Acts  minimum wage  paid vacation  paid holidays  standard hours of work and overtime pay  pay on termination of employment  minimum age of employment  equal pay for equal work by men and women

5 © 2010 McGraw Hill Ryerson 12-5 Human Rights Laws  based on Charter of Human Rights and Freedoms in Canadian Constitution  equal treatment in employment and opportunity for employment regardless of race, colour, religion, sex…  prohibit harassment in the workplace

6 © 2010 McGraw Hill Ryerson 12-6 Pay Equity  issue relating to the gender wage gap  gender wage gap is the amount by which the average pay for female workers is less than the average pay for male workers

7 © 2010 McGraw Hill Ryerson 12-7 Reasons for Gender Wage Gap  differences in occupational attainment; women historically segregated in small number of occupations e.g., sales, nursing  differences in number of hours worked  differences in industries and firms  differences in union membership  presence of discrimination

8 © 2010 McGraw Hill Ryerson 12-8 Pay Equity Legislation  intended to redress the portion of the wage gap assumed to be due to discrimination, through comparison of male- and female-dominated jobs  four job evaluation factors required: Skill Effort Responsibility working conditions  compare male and female job classes: job to job method proportional value/wage line method proxy comparison method

9 © 2010 McGraw Hill Ryerson 12-9 The Impact of Unions in Wage Determination  impact on general wage and benefit levels  impact on the structure of wage packages  impact on non-union firms (spillover)  impact on wage and salary policies and practices in unionized firms

10 © 2010 McGraw Hill Ryerson 12-10 Union Impact on General Wage Levels  union workers earn about 10 percent more than non-union workers  size of the gap varies from year to year union impact higher during periods of higher unemployment and slow economy union impact smaller during strong economy  union benefits 20 to 30 percent higher than non-union

11 © 2010 McGraw Hill Ryerson 12-11 Union Impact on Structure of Wage Packages  Division between wages and benefits Union benefits 20 to 30 percent higher than non-union  Two-tier wage plans Lower wages for lower seniority workers

12 © 2010 McGraw Hill Ryerson 12-12 Union Impact: The Spillover Effect  employers seek to avoid unionization by offering workers the wages, benefits, and working conditions won in rival unionized firms e.g., Dofasco  non-union management continues to enjoy the freedom from union “interference” in decision making  non-union workers receive the “spillover” of rewards obtained by unionized counterparts

13 © 2010 McGraw Hill Ryerson 12-13 Role of Unions in Pay Policies and Practices  collective agreement/contract specifies: basis of pay (regular, overtime) occupation - wage differentials experience / merit differentials vacations and holidays wage adjustment provisions (COLA)

14 © 2010 McGraw Hill Ryerson 12-14 Unions and Alternative Reward Systems  some collective agreements include alternative rewards: lump sum awards piece rates gain-sharing profit sharing pay-for-knowledge (skill/competency- based pay)

15 © 2010 McGraw Hill Ryerson 12-15 Conclusion  governments assess fairness and legislate employment standards, human rights, and pay equity rules that affect compensation management  unions affect compensation management directly through collective agreements, and are facing the need to adjust compensation due to international competition

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