Presentation on theme: "The Great Debate! What it is and How to do it!. BASIC TERMS! Debate: a game/discussion in which two opposing teams make speeches to support their arguments."— Presentation transcript:
BASIC TERMS! Debate: a game/discussion in which two opposing teams make speeches to support their arguments & disagree with those on the other team. Resolution: the opinion the two teams argue about. Affirmative Team: Agrees with the resolution Negative Team: Disagrees with the resolution Rebuttal: One team’s explanation of why they disagree with the other.
What Kinds of Topics are Debated? Issues about which people are likely to disagree work best for a debate Issues about which people are likely to disagree work best for a debate They can be controversial They can be controversial Some examples: - The death penalty should be banned - The death penalty should be banned - Love is more important than money - It is better to be married than single - Women should quit their job after they get married get married - A soldier killing another in war is not murder - A soldier killing another in war is not murder
OPINIONS & REASONS! A resolution is an opinion about which there can be valid disagreement. An opinion can be introduced by an opinion indicator. o “I think/believe that smoking should be banned in public places…” A reason explains why that opinion is held and can be introduced by a reason indicator: A reason explains why that opinion is held and can be introduced by a reason indicator: o “…because/since secondhand smoke is harmful for nonsmokers.”
STRONG REASONS vs. WEAK! A strong reason has the following qualities: it logically supports the opinion it logically supports the opinion It is specific and states the idea clearly It is specific and states the idea clearly It is convincing to a majority of people It is convincing to a majority of people
Model Debate For Our Class i.The Resolution: Be it resolved that… ii.Opening statements from each side: 2-3 minutes each iii.Rebuttal & discussion: 5+ minutes iv.Questions from the class directed to particular debaters v.Concluding statement of each side: 2 minutes each vi.Class members write a short opinion paragraph stating which side they agree with using details from the debate
THE DEBATE PACKAGE! Turn to page 2 for the assignment. Included you will find: 1.How to prepare for a debate 2.How to give support for your arguments 2. How to predict opposing arguments & rebut 3. The structure of the debate!
Giving Support for Your Reasons Support consists of evidence. There are 4 kinds of evidence: Example: from your own experience Common Sense: things you believe everyone knows Expert Opinion: opinions of experts – this comes from research Statistics: numbers – also from research
Productive Debates Students are responsible for the quality of the debate. All claims (opinions) should always supported with logical and relevant facts or examples Students must agree and disagree using respectful words, tone and body language. Each individual is responsible to ask for clarification if they are confused.
Sentence Starters Agreement I agree with (person) that_____ because (Person) made me realize that _____ because... Disagreement I am not sure I agree because_______ Have you considered__________? Confusion I don't understand what you mean. Can explain your idea a little more? Are you saying that_________? Opinion I wonder __________ I just realized _______
SO, LET’S GO! You will be put in groups of 4 to do a practice debate. The topics will be decided by you, but they must be approved by the teacher – choose two to argue the pro and two to argue the con. Use the outline to help you develop your opening, your arguments, your rebuttals and your conclusion. Good luck and happy planning!!