6 Prevalence of Homosexuality 2% of the American population identify themselves a s gay or bisexualDifferent studies show varying resultsA 2004 national poll showed that about 5% of U.S. high school students identified themselves as lesbian or gay.
7 What “Causes” Homosexuality? The primary question is whether homosexuality is inborn or caused by environmental factorsSexual orientation vs. sexual preferenceMost gays believe that homosexuality is an inherited, inborn trait.Most people who oppose homosexuality believe it is learned or “chosen”
8 Who is most likely to oppose gay rights? Can homosexuals change their sexual orientation? Why do many believe they should? Who believes they should?Who is most likely to oppose gay rights?Sex? Age? Education? Religiosity? Place of residence?
10 Anti-Gay Marriage Legislation In 1996 Congress passed and President Clinton signed the Defense of Marriage Act (DOMA).The act states that marriage is a “legal union between one man and one woman” and denies federal recognition of same-sex marriage and the may federal benefits that go along with it.As of 2012, 37 states have banned gay marriage either through statute or a state constitutional amendment.
11 Legal Recognition and support of same sex couples and families Decriminalization of sodomyCivil unionsDomestic partnershipsJune, 2013: DOMA and Prop 8 in California declared unconstitutionalThe Federal Government must now grant equal treatment to gay couples married under state law; however, many states still do not allow gay marriage or have to recognize it from other statesA step towards equality; 13 states now have legalized gay marriage; many just legalized this year
12 GLBT RelationshipsGay and lesbian couples tend to be more similar than different from heterosexual couplesRelationship satisfactionConflict and conflict resolution
13 DiscussionIdentify at least 2 arguments in support of same sex marriage and 2 main arguments against it.Do you think that same sex marriage will be legal in all 50 states within your lifetime? Why or why not?
14 GLBT Parenting Issues Two areas of focus Development and well-being of children with gay or lesbian parentsDiscrimination in child custody, visitation, adoption, and foster care.