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(A Govt. of India Undertaking - Ministry of Water Resources) Established in June, 1969 International Consultants in Water Resources, Power and Infrastructure.

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Presentation on theme: "(A Govt. of India Undertaking - Ministry of Water Resources) Established in June, 1969 International Consultants in Water Resources, Power and Infrastructure."— Presentation transcript:

1 (A Govt. of India Undertaking - Ministry of Water Resources) Established in June, 1969 International Consultants in Water Resources, Power and Infrastructure Development PARTNERSHIP WITH AFRICA THROUGH TECHNOLOGICAL INNOVATIONS IN IRRIGATION AND AGRICULTURE DEVELOPMENT WAPCOS Ltd.

2  Development Scenario  Technological Innovations for Irrigation & Agriculture Development  Strategy for Social Upliftment  Role of Consultants  WAPCOS Profile  WAPCOS Proposal for Project Identification & Development

3  Continent of Abundant Resources  Land  Water  Minerals  Oil, Coal & Gas  Minerals  World’s top producer (Diamond 78%, Platinum 54%, Chromium 40%)  Energy  Significant fossil fuels (Oil, Gas and Coal)  Large biomass and bio-fuels potential  Huge Hydro-electric potential (45 GW)  Tourism  World’s greatest diversity (Culture, Flora, Fauna)  Important source of livelihood

4  Food Security  Irrigation Development  Introduction of high yielding varieties of seeds  Provision of fertilizers and pesticides  Crop husbandry techniques  Health Security  Provision of safe drinking water for all  Promotion of Sanitation and hygiene  Livelihood Security  Direct and indirect employment in Irrigation and Agriculture  Development of agro-based industries  Cascading effect on other development activities  Ecological security  Prevention of water pollution  Maintaining Minimum flows in Rivers  Measures against over exploitation of ground water resources

5 Growing Food Generating Energy for  Industrial Development  Pumping of Ground Water for Irrigation and Drinking Water Supply Encouraging industrial and service sector growth Generating Rural livelihoods Ensuring the Integrity of ecosystems for  Environmental Protection  Water Quality  Plants  Animals  Prevention of Degradation of Forest Cover and Soils etc.

6  Investment in Irrigation Development Storage reservoirs Major and Medium irrigation projects  Lift Irrigation Projects Development of ground water resources for minor irrigation  Energy  Availability of pumps and other equipments  Credit facility for small farmers

7  Around 60% of African workers employed by Agriculture Sector  About 60% of African farmers are at Subsistence level  Production just adequate for domestic consumption  Relatively small income for family  Reinvestment in agriculture not possible  No exportable surplus  Small land holdings  Upgradation of skills required in irrigation practices and Crop husbandry  More emphasis on agricultural extension services Main Issues in Agriculture Development in be Contd.

8  Institutional arrangements and their linkages  Limited access to markets  High import tariffs in developed countries  High subsidies to rich farmers in developed countries  African farm products need to compete in developed markets  Few large farms operated by large enterprises for export  Coffee  Cocoa  Rubber  Manufacturing / assembly of tractors, harvesters, irrigation pumps etc. limited,  Due to little industrial development  Few - Viable fertilizer and pesticide manufacturing units in most countries

9  Future Scenarios  Growth in agricultural production – 3% per year  Growth in cereal production – 3.4 % per year  Population Growth – 3.2% per year Reflects need for enhanced developmental efforts AfricaSouth Asia East Asia and Pacific Latin America and Caribbean World Proportion of arable land irrigated (% age) 7.039.331.911.620.0 Added value per worker ($/year) 4164124613028645 Per capita cereal production (kg/year) 147224336259349 Cereal yield (kg/ha) 12252308427827952067 Livestock productivity (kg/ha) 164121150198193 Fertilizer Use (kg/ha) 2210924185100

10 Country/RegionMaizeSoybeanOil palmSugarcane Asia (Except West Asia) 0.620.470.740.68 Europe0.810.84N.A North America0.890.77N.A0.72 Oceana1. South America0.650.670.870.93 North Africa & West Asia 0.620.91N.A0.95 Sub-Saharan Africa0.200.32 0.54 Current yield relative to estimated potential yield Source: World Bank 2010

11 1. Judicious Use of Irrigation water  Lining of Water courses  30-40% reduction in losses  Appropriate Cropping pattern  Optimal utilization of available water  Efficiencies

12 2. Farm Mechanization 2. Farm Mechanization  Increase in productivity 12-34%  Seed-cum-fertilizer drill facilitates Saving in seeds 20% Saving in fertilizer 15-20%  Enhancement in cropping intensity 5-22%  Increase in gross income 29-49% Farm Mechanization

13 Sub soilerDisc plough Mould Board PloughReversible Mould Board Plough PRIMARY TILLAGE IMPLEMENTS Farm Mechanization (Cont.)


15 Multicrop Tractor drawn Ridger Seeder Farm Mechanization (Cont.)

16 Automatic Potato Planter in Operation Tractor drawn Automatic Potato Planter Farm Mechanization (Cont.)

17 Mat type nursery raising in paddy Farm Mechanization (Cont.)

18 Self Propelled Power Weeder Farm Mechanization (Cont.)

19 Fooot sprayer Foot sprayerRocking sprayer Knap-sack sprayer Power mist blower (Sprayer-cum- duster) TD Boom sprayer Farm Mechanization (Cont.)

20 Forage Harvesters/Chopper Reaper Binder Farm Mechanization (Cont.)

21 YearYield (kg/ha) RiceMaizeWheatOilsee ds 1965-66 8621005827419 1967-68 * 1032*1123*1103*530 * 1975-76 123512031410627 1985-86 155211462046570 1995-96 179315702483851 Green Revolution period – high yielding varieties introduced - Productivity increased consistently immediately after introduction HYV\ in 1967-68 as compared to traditional varieties in use during 1965-66 3. Use of Seeds of High Yielding Varieties Use of Seeds of HYV

22  Weed Control : Weeds compete with crop and may result in 30-40% reduction in crop yield  Insect, pest and disease control : Insects, pests & diseases may result in yield loss upto 50% or more Insect, Pest & Disease Control – Agro based Industry o Production of small irrigation pumps and agricultural equipment o Agro-based industries - fruit processing and packaging - jams, sauce, vinegar etc. - rice and lentil mills - flour mills - beverages and liquor

23  Greenhouses can be used to turn inarable lands into arable lands Key features:  Light and temperature controlled to suit different crops  Protect crops from too much heat/cold  Keep out pests  Used for growing  Flowers  Vegetables  Fruits  Tobacco plants  Advantages  Yields can be 10-12 times higher than that of out-door cultivation  Year round production of certain crops especially flowers  Disease free and genetically superior transplants can be produced continuously Green Houses

24  Augmenting agricultural productivity through  Local water harvesting and judicious use of water  Soil moisture conservation  Improved crop husbandry  Preventing soil erosion (Soil Conservation)  Generating alternative means of livelihood  Management by local community Objectives Objectives Watershed Management

25  Ridge Area Treatment  Contour bunding  Bench terracing  Drainage Line Treatment  Gully plugs  Loose boulder checks  Gabion structures  Development of Water harvesting structures  Low cost farm ponds  Bunds across local streams  Check dams  Percolation tanks  Groundwater recharge through wells and bore wells  Sub-surface dykes Bench terracing Contour bunding Gully plugs Check dams Earthen bunds Watershed Management (Cont.)  Nursery raising for fodder, fuel, timber and horticulture species  Land Development including soil and moisture conservation  Field bunds  Contour and graded bunds fortified with plantations  Bench terracing in hilly terrain Bench TerracingGraded bundsPasture Development

26  Collection, storage and distribution facilities  Road/Rail transport system  Linkages with major sea ports  Local, regional and material level marketing  Policy Reforms in favour of producers, wholesalers and exporters Proper Marketing, Capacity Building strategy o Dedicated and decentralized institutional support and delivery mechanism o Annual Action Plan for Capacity Building o Pool of Resource persons o Well prepared training modules and reading materials o Mechanism for effective monitoring and follow up.

27  Expansion of irrigation coverage  Augmenting Power generation and distribution  Development of the untapped hydro-power potential  Development of power from other sources  Rural electrification  Command Area development  Control of soil degradation  Prevention of drought and desertification  Strengthening Agricultural extension services  Creating / strengthening urban and rural infrastructure  Strengthening community based organizations  Capacity building through Information, Education and Communication tools Need for Integrated Projects from development of water source to marketing of Agriculture Produce

28  Growing Recognition of “ PROJECT DEVELOPMENT GAP”  Financing is available, but bankable projects are not EXPECTATIONS FROM PROJECTS  Balancing private and public sector interests  Transparency and investor confidence  Pursuit of sustainable economic and social benefits  Global financing options  Balancing private and public sector interests  Transparency and investor confidence  Pursuit of sustainable economic and social benefits  Global financing options CONSULTANTS QUALIFICATIONS  Experience in emerging markets  Willingness to go “THE EXTRA MILE”  Experience in emerging markets  Willingness to go “THE EXTRA MILE” Strategy for Social Upliftment (Cont.)

29 Project Conceptualization Feasibility Study Detailed Project Report Construction Commissioning & O&M Modernization & Rehabilitation STAGES IN PROJECT CYCLE Reconnaissance Survey & Preliminary data collection NEED ANALYSIS Techno-economic Analysis Detailed Surveys & Investigations Policy Framework & Support Measures Socio-cultural & Gender aspects Institutional & Policy Aspects Environmental Studies EIA; EMP & R&R Baseline Surveys Preparation of Engineering design and Drawings Economic and Financial Analysis Cost Estimates Construction Drawings Project Management Contract Management Construction Supervision Quality Control Viable Project

30  Policy Studies/Development of Master Plans  Pre-investment Studies/Financial Engineering  Evaluate Viability and Risks  Technology Promotion  Catalyst for timely and quality delivery of the Project  Confidence of borrower in Project Sustainability  Transfer of Technology and Technical Expertise  Can be appointed by Recommended by Funding Agency to, develop the Project from Concept to Commissioning and appointed by borrowing Govt. Funding Agency Lender’s Engineer Borrowing Govt. Project Developer Owner’s Engineer

31 31 Established in June 1969 under the aegis of Ministry of Water Resources, GOI under Companies Act, 1956 To share India’s experience and expertise in Water Resources, Power and Infrastructure Development  Provide opportunities for use of Indian Expertise in diverse geographical and climatic conditions with other countries  Facilitate Diplomatic Initiatives to forge long term relations with other developing Countries and contribute in their economic development To augment endeavours of State and Central agencies by providing total engineering solutions

32  World Bank  Asian Development Bank  African Development Bank  Arab Bank for Economic Development in Africa  Food and Agriculture Organisation  International Fund for Agriculture Development  United Nations Development Programme  World Health Organisation  Indian Technical and Economic Cooperation (ITEC) Programme  Japan Bank for International Cooperation (JBIC)  United Nations Office for Project Services (UNOPS)

33 Central Water Commission Survey of India (SOI) Geological Survey of India (GSI) Central Ground Water Board (CGWB) Indian Council of Agricultural Research (ICAR) Indian Meteorological Department (IMD) Central Electricity Authority (CEA) Central Water and Power Research Station (CWPRS) Central Soil and Materials Research Station (CSMRS)


35 Water Resources Irrigation, Drainage and Water Management Ground Water Exploration and Minor Irrigation Flood Control and River Morphology Water Bodies and Lakes Conservation Agriculture Including Dry Lands Farming Power Hydro Electric Projects Thermal Power Projects Transmission & Distribution Rural Electrification Infrastructure Water Supply, Sanitation and Drainage Environmental Engineering Ports & Harbours and Inland Waterways Urban and Rural Areas Development System Studies and Information Technology

36 Route Survey, Uttarakhand Sewerage Scheme, Jabalpur, Madhya Pradesh Preliminary Investigations/ Reconnaissance Feasibility Studies/Planning/Project Formulation Baseline and Socio-Economic SurveysField Investigations and Testing Engineering Designs, Drawings and Tendering Process Contract Management and Construction Supervision Operation and MaintenanceInstitutional/Human Resources Development

37 Experience Survey & Investigation/ Pre- feasibility/Detailed Project Reports for over 300 Projects in Irrigation, Water Resources, Flood Control, Ground Water, Agricultural etc. Contributed in Development of Irrigation Potential of Over 12 Million Ha. Surveys & Investigation/Detailed Project Reports & Project Management Consultancy for over 200 Projects in Water Supply & Sanitation, IEC, Rural & Urban Development, Roads and Highways Engineering etc.

38 Surveys & Investigations/ Modelling/Detailed Engineering for over 180 Ports and Inland Navigation Projects Environmental Impact Assessment Studies for over 200 Projects in India & Abroad in the fields of Irrigation, Hydro Power, Thermal Power, Ports & Harbour, Hospitals etc. Experience (Contd.)

39  47 Hydro Power Projects in 17 Countries with an installed capacity of more than 20,000 MW  8 Thermal Power Projects with an installed capacity of more than 2900 MW  17 Transmission Projects  Over 43 Hydro Power Projects with an installed capacity of more than 8000 MW  7 Thermal Power Projects with an installed capacity of more than 11000 MW Overseas India POWER SECTOR Experience (Contd.)


41 Dr. Manmohan Singh, Hon’ble Prime Minister presenting the Top Performing CPSEs’ “MoU Excellence Award” to Shri R.K. Gupta, CMD, WAPCOS, in the presence of Shri Praful Patel, Hon’ble Minister of Heavy Industries & Public Enterprises, Government of India. The Award has been instituted by Department of Public Enterprises, Government of India to honour those who performed for India’s growth. The Award was presented in a glittering ceremony held on 31 st January, 2012 at Vigyan Bhawan, New Delhi

42  WAPCOS Conferred with Water Awards 2011-2012  Best Consultancy Company  Supported by UNESCO PHD Chamber of Commerce ET Now Water Digest

43  WAPCOS selected for Engineering Export Promotion Council (EEPC) award under category of Star Performer - Project Export for the year 2010-11

44 Phase – I (Short Term)  Expansion of Minor Irrigation through Local Rainwater Harvesting Small Storage Reservoirs  Survey and Investigations for Integrated Water Resources Development with Focus on  Large Irrigation Schemes  Hydropower Development

45 Phase – I (Short Term)  Expansion of Minor Irrigation through Local Rainwater Harvesting Small Storage Reservoirs  Survey and Investigations for Integrated Water Resources Development with Focus on  Large Irrigation Schemes  Hydropower Development

46  Preparation of a Comprehensive Master Plan for Irrigation and Agriculture Development  Institutional Strengthening and Capacity Building with Focus on  Introduction of High Yielding Variety of Crops  Judicious use of Irrigation Water  Farm Mechanization  Policy and Legislative Reforms to Boost Domestic Market for Agricultural Produce

47 Phase – II (Medium Term)  Construction of Medium Irrigation Schemes  Setting up Small Agricultural Demonstration Farms  Institutional Arrangements for Agricultural Credit Facilities  Construction of Small and Medium Infrastructure Works Phase – III (Long Term)  Construction of Major Multipurpose Schemes  Setting up Land and Water Management Institutes and Agricultural Sciences Centers  Construction of Major Infrastructure Development Works


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