Presentation on theme: "Warm-up: Alliances Identify the 2 major alliances (including names of countries) in Europe before the outbreak of WWI. Look in Ch.19-20 Notes, Part 4."— Presentation transcript:
1 Warm-up: AlliancesIdentify the 2 major alliances (including names of countries) in Europe before the outbreak of WWI. Look in Ch Notes, Part 4.
3 WWI – MAIN Causes Militarism Alliances Imperialism Nationalism Build up of military (mobilization)AlliancesNeed for balance of powerCentral Powers/Triple Alliance: Germany, Austria-Hungary, & ItalyThe Allies/Triple Entente: France, Russia, Serbia & Great BritainImperialismPolitical and economic control over another countryNationalismDesire for national identityExample: Alsace-Lorraine
4 Click on the Archduke to watch Europe plunges into War. WWI - BeginningArchduke Franz FerdinandAssassinated June 28, 1914Gavrilo Princip, Serbian nationalist, shot FerdinandAustria-Hungary declares war on SerbiaSerbia turns to Allies for helpAustria-Hungary turns to Germany (Central Powers)Click on the Archduke to watch Europe plunges into War.
5 WWI – Event Timeline 1914 June – assassination July – Austria-Hungary declares war on SerbiaAugust – Germany declares war on Russia & FranceWhy?: Russia mobilizes to protect Serbia; France allied with RussiaGermany uses Schlieffen Plan: called for a quick sweep through France and then defeat RussiaAugust – Great Britain declares war on Germany (allies with France & Russia)October – Turkey joins Central Powers
6 The Western Front – Schlieffen Plan Germany used the Schlieffen Plan – 2-front warGermany thought they could quickly defeat France and then focus all forces on RussiaProblem: France decides to fightNeither Germany nor France can break enemy lines - stalemateResult: Trench WarfareClick on the Schlieffen Plan (above) to watch an animation of the military plan.
7 The Eastern FrontRussian quickly moves into eastern Germany but, loses the first 2 battles – no longer seen as a threatAustria-Hungary, Germany & Bulgaria eliminate SerbiaBonus: Morale is up and they are able to move back west
8 British propaganda postcard (1916) WWI – Events Timeline1915February – Germany sets up naval blockade surrounding the British IslesMay – Sinking of the Lusitania (use of unrestricted submarine warfare)May – Italy betrays Germany and joins the Triple Alliance; Italy declares war on Austria-HungaryMay – 1st Zeppelin raid on LondonMarch – Germany declares war on PortugalSeptember – 1st use of British tanks1916British propaganda postcard (1916)
9 WWI – Events Timeline1917January – Zimmermann note intercepted by BritishApril – U.S. declares war on GermanyApril – French tanks used for 1st time in battleJune – U.S. troops arrive in FranceJune – Greece declared war on Central Powers
10 WWI – Events Timeline1918January – Wilson announces 14 Point Peace ProgramNovember 7 – Kaiser Wilhelm II abdicates German throne; Germans ask for armisticeNovember 11 – Armistice Day (11th hour, 11th day, 11th month)British and Italian forces defeat the Ottoman EmpireJanuary – Paris Peace ConferenceJune – Treaty of Versailles signed1919
11 After NotesIf you need to finish the test…take your notes and test to the flex area to complete your testWWI Map – You will need your textbook to complete this assignment!