Presentation on theme: "SURREALISM Dali, The Crucifixion, 1958."— Presentation transcript:
1 SURREALISM Dali, The Crucifixion, 1958. Most Dada artists joined the Surrealist movement as wellIncluded many similar ideas -used Dada techniques to “release the unconscious”Exploration of ways to express in art the world of dreams and the unconsciousInspired by Freud and Jung - interested in the nature of dreamsIn dreams, people moved beyond the constraints of societyArtists’ role: to bring inner and outer reality togetherTwo forms of Surrealism:Biomorphic (interested in life forms): Joan MiroNaturalistic (recognizable scenes of nightmare or dream images): Rene Magritte, Salvador DaliDali, The Crucifixion, 1958.
2 SURREALISM A style of art and literature developed principally in the 20th century, in which fantastic visual imagery from the subconscious mind is used with no intention of making the artwork logically comprehensible.Involves fantasy & dreamsIs illogicalStresses the subconsciousAutomatism – to allow your subconscious mind to take over in your art.Demented sense of humor1924 – 1950s (between World Wars I & II)Europe (especially France and Spain)Founded in 1924 by poet and critic Andre Breton who published The Surrealist Manifesto: join the world of fantasy to the everyday rational world in “an absolute reality, a surreality.” Breton adapted the theories of Sigmund Freud- dream analysis the unconscious is the wellspring of the imagination.Magritte, Time Transfixed, 1938.
14 Salvador Dali Salvador Dali At the young age of 10, Dalí first began paintingDalí embraced all the science of painting as a way to study the psyche through subconscious images.He called this process the Paranoiac Critical Method. As any paranoiac, the artist should allow these images to reach the conscience, and then do what the paranoiac cannot do: Freeze them on canvas to give consciousness the opportunity to comprehend their meaning.Dies of heart failure in 1989
15 Dali, Soft Boiled Beans, 1936. Salvador Dali The images of Salvador Dali are very realistically rendered. He was a superb draftsman and used that ability to create a dreamlike or nightmarish reality of his own.This image called Soft Boiled Beans was also said to be his premonition about the Spanish Civil War.Dali, Soft Boiled Beans, 1936.
16 Bottom Line: in time, everything will die and decay except time itself Salvador DaliDecay and death are symbolized by a dead tree and a strange sea monster decomposingThe limp watch indicates that someone has the power to twist time as he or she sees fit.Bottom Line: in time, everything will die and decay except time itselfDali, The Persistence Of Memory, 1931.
17 Salvador Dali, The Persistence Of Memory, 1931.
26 Salvador Dali, The Temptation of St. Anthony, 1946.
27 Joan Miro Organic forms that expand and contract visually Used automatism - planned accidentsElement of hallucinationVery abstract, almost child-like imagesCombination of unconscious and conscious image-makingMiro, Le Petit Rose, 1933
28 Joan MiroJoan Miró, A Dew Drop Falling from a Bird's Wing Wakes Rosalie, who Has Been Asleep in the Shadow of a Spider's Web