# SURREAL SCENES. Perspective Drawing During the Renaissance artists became interested in making two-dimensional (flat) artwork look three- dimensional.

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SURREAL SCENES

Perspective Drawing During the Renaissance artists became interested in making two-dimensional (flat) artwork look three- dimensional. They developed a system to show depth logically and consistently.

Perspective  Many of the earlier works artists created showed little depth.  Does this picture reflect depth? Why or why not?  How could this picture be changed to increase its’ depth?

Perspective  Artists used mathematics and close observation to invent linear perspective.  Linear perspective allows artists to trick the eye into seeing depth on a flat surface.

Perspective Influential People during the Renaissance  Art:  Michelangelo  Leonardo da Vinci  Science  Galileo  Literature  Shakespeare Raphael, School of Athens, One-point linear perspective

 You can see the top of an object if it is below eye level, below the Horizon Line.  If an object is above eye level, above the Horizon Line, you can not see it’s top.  Horizon Line  The place where the earth and the sky meet.  Represents the viewer’s eye level  Horizontal

Horizon Line = place where earth and sky meet

 Vanishing Point The single point on the horizon where all the lines on the ground level seem to come together and meet.

 Orthogonal Line  Lines that meet at the vanishing point. They appear to go back into space. Diagonal.

In one point perspective, there is one vanishing point from which all lines radiate outwardly from.

Draw a horizontal line between the two orthogonals where you want your forms to end. Vertical lines go from the top of the page to bottom of the page and are perpendicular to the bottom edge of the picture. Along with orthogonal and horizontal lines they make up a one-point perspective drawing.

Use one point perspective when you are facing a wall.

 Artists use one-point perspective to show objects face-on.  Most lines are vertical, horizontal, or orthogonal drawn to a single vanishing point.

Two-Point Perspective In two-point perspective, there exist two points from which an object’s lines radiate from; the sides of the object vanish to one of two vanishing points on the horizon line. An object’s vertical lines do not relate to the perspective rules of the horizontal lines. line.

Now join the back and top corners to the opposite vanishing point to complete the top of the form. Erase the extra orthogonals. Now you have a form drawn in two-point perspective!

What does SURREALISM mean?

SURREALISM Surrealism

Surrealism Art movement in the 1924- 1950’s in Europe. Fantastical visual imagery from the subconscious mind is used with no intention of making the work logically comprehensible.

Surrealism is an invented word "sur" means beyond or farther than, so "surreal" means to go beyond real. Surrealism tried to meld the conscious and the unconscious, the world of dreams and fantasy along with reality so that the line between these ideas was completely blurred. wanted to shock their viewers with the unexpected and make people think in new ways.

Surrealist Artists: Max Ernst Salvador Dali Rene Magritte Jean Arp Joan Miro Man Ray M.C. Escher

Rene Magritte was a Belgian surrealist painter. He painted in a realistic style. While the objects appear to the viewer to be recognizable, the composition of those recognizable objects appears fantastic. What parts are real and which are imaginary?

His paintings are expressive for their juxtaposition of common objects, often altered in scale, and placed in absurd settings. Magritte is deeply interested in the process of thought, and his paintings tend to raise the awareness of the viewer to their own thought processes.

Surrealistic Techniques - “How to make the ordinary look extraordinary” Scale Levitation Juxtaposition Dislocation Transparency Transformation

SCALE Changing an object’s scale, or relative size.

Personal Values SCALE

LEVITATION Floating objects that don’t normally float

Golconde LEVITATION

JUXTAPOSITION Joining two images together in impossible combinations

DISLOCATION Taking an object from its usual environment and placing it in an unfamiliar one

DISLOCATION

TRANSPARENCY Making objects transparent that are not usually transparent

TRANSPARENCY

TRANSFORMATION Changing objects in unusual way

TRANSFORMATION

THINK…. Dreams…. Have you ever dreamt about a person or place, but in your dream they looked different? Have you ever dreamt you were floating? Were you huge? Were you tiny? Have you ever dreamt you could fly, swim underwater, walk on the moon…

Your project requirements You must use two point perspective Will choose at least 5 random words from a hat to illustrate in your “surreal scene” Surrealistic (use methods like scale, levitation, juxtaposition, dislocation, transparency, transformation) Can be domestic or public, inside or outside scene Blend & layer colored pencils smoothly with good craftsmanship

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