Presentation on theme: "Gerunds and gerund phrases"— Presentation transcript:
1 Gerunds and gerund phrases You may be wondering, what in the world? What are Gerunds and Gerund Phrases? Well…Ms. Aden
2 What is a Gerund?A gerund is a verbal that ends in -ing and functions as a noun. The term verbal indicates that a gerund is based on a verb and therefore expresses action or a state of being.
3 Side NoteHowever, since a gerund functions as a noun, it occupies some positions in a sentence that a noun ordinarily would, for example: subject, direct object, subject complement, and object of preposition (You will learn about these at a later time)Great News! A gerund virtually never requires any punctuation with it! Yay!
5 Gerund as a SubjectTraveling might satisfy your desire for new experiences. (Traveling is the gerund.)The study abroad program might satisfy your desire for new experiences. (The gerund has been removed.)
6 Gerund as a Direct Object They do not appreciate my singing. (The gerund is singing.)They do not appreciate my assistance. (The gerund has been removed)
7 Gerund as object of Preposition The police arrested him for speeding. (Hey, what’s the gerund here?)How could you say this without the gerund?Ex: The police arrested him for criminal activity. (The gerund has been removed.)
8 Now that you know…Create two sentences using gerunds – when you’re done turn to the person next to you and share your sentences. Did your partner use the gerund correctly? Remember: A gerund is a verbal that ends in - ing and functions as a noun. The term verbal indicates that a gerund is based on a verb and therefore expresses action or a state of being.
9 Gerund as object of Preposition The police arrested him for speeding. (Hey, what’s the gerund here?)How could you say this without the gerund?
10 What is a Gerund Phrase?A gerund phrase is a group of words consisting of a gerund and the modifier(s) and/or (pro)noun(s) or noun phrase(s) that function as the direct object(s), indirect object(s), or complement(s) of the action or state expressed in the gerund, such as:
11 What is a Gerund Phrase?The gerund phrase functions as the subject of the sentence.Finding a needle in a haystack would be easier than what we're trying to do.Finding: Gerunda needle: Direct Object of action expressed in gerundin a haystack: Prepositional phrase as adverb
12 Gerund Phrases cont’dThe gerund phrase functions as the object of the preposition for.You might get in trouble for faking an illness to avoid work.Faking: Gerundan illness: Direct Object of action expressed in gerundto avoid work: infinitive phrase as adverb
13 Go out and use those Gerunds and Gerund Phrases! Job Well Done!“You have brains in your head. You have feet in your shoes. You can steer yourself any direction you choose. You're on your own. And you know what you know. And YOU are the one who'll decide where to go.” – Dr. SeussGo out and use those Gerunds and Gerund Phrases!
14 Citations:"Purdue OWL: Gerunds, Participles, and Infinitives ." Welcome to the Purdue University Online Writing Lab (OWL). N.p., n.d. Web. 12 Sept < /01/