3 requirements: 1. Significant impairment in intellectual functioning (IQ). This means the person has great difficulty with their thinking skills.
2. Significant impairment in adaptive/social functioning. This means that the person has difficulty with aspects of their independence and taking care of themselves. 3. These difficulties develop during the developmental period (i.e. First 18 years of life)
People with a learning disability have increased health difficulties 2.5 times more likely to have health problems 4 times more likely to die of preventable diseases 58 times more likely to die before age 50
Live with family Poverty Stigma; prejudice; discrimination; negative expectations Hate crime Limited friendships Mate crime – exploitation & victimisation Sexual abuse (x4 times) Limited Choices
Assesses whether person has a learning disability: IQ assessments and social functioning assessments needed for diagnosis of Learning Disability
Work with clients who have mental health issues: Depression Anxiety Relationship issues Bereavement Psychosis Trauma Phobias
Traditional talking therapies may need to be adapted for people with learning disabilities: - Use simple verbal communication - Make communication visual by writing things down, using pictures and symbols. - Use role plays - Repetition of information - Work at a slower pace
Challenging behaviour can include: behaviours which impact on community use; or unsafe behaviours. eg. self injury- hitting self, aggression to others, stripping, swearing, screaming etc.
Clinical Psychologists investigate the FUNCTION of the particular behaviour and develop behaviour support plans so that the person can get that need met in other more appropriate ways.
Assess if a person is able to make important decisions about their money, home, health, relationships etc. Supporting parents who have a learning disability. Autism assessments and advice. Dementia assessments and advice.
One to One with the client Family Residential staff Teachers Group Work Consultations with other staff