Presentation on theme: "‘How engineers create solutions to problems ’ Manuel Burton."— Presentation transcript:
‘How engineers create solutions to problems ’ Manuel Burton
Introduction to the Engineering Design Process Tutorial The engineering design process is a series of stages engineers use when they are trying to solve a problem or develop a solution for a project. The stages in this process are correlated because of the difficulties that arise in any stage of the process and the variety of ways an issue can be resolved. All of the phases in this process are documented for reference and use to create a resourceful notebook for the project. To navigate your way through this tutorial, simply use the buttons in the bottom right corner of the page to perform the following actions: Click this button to return to the previous page of the engineering design process Click this button to return to the beginning of the engineering design process Click this button to navigate to the next slide of the engineering design process
Phase 1: Identify the problem In the beginning of a project, gather as much detailed information about the problem to gain a better understanding of the project and the solution you are trying to accomplish. Defining the actual problem of the project is the most critical aspect of this process. Pictures, video, measurements, etc., are all necessary tools to ensure that you have a sure idea of what is wrong and what needs to be corrected. Gathering this detailed information will give direction for the proper solution and provide documented information that will be valuable for your engineering notebook.
Phase 1: Identify the problem Engineers define the problem by gaining a complete of understanding of the issue they are trying to resolve. Inadequacies in this phase of the process can lead to time wasted and costly damages in the actual development of the solution. Engineers do very detailed research about the issue they are presented in order to ensure they are developing a solution that will achieve the desired goal.
Phase 2: Research In this phase of the process, research is critical because it gives direction about possible solutions. This extensive research about the problem allows you to begin to develop a foundation for the solution to the project. Taking advantage of the internet, talking with professionals, reading articles, etc., are among the variety of resources to research solutions to the project. The more information gained during this phase will aid to the success in developing a solution to your project. Engineers do extensive research on the problem they are solving and the environment surrounding the issue. This investigation of the problem offers insight into previous solutions and how different materials were used based on the locations and characteristics of the environment.
Phase 3: Brainstorming In this phase of the process consider a variety of solutions to formulate the best ideas for the solution for the project. Accept any solution to the project in spite of your feelings. This positive attitude will lead to positive thought processes that will aide in completion of your project. Engineers collaborate their research and garner ways to achieve a solution. During this phase every solution is documented for the engineering notebook. This is a critical phase of development because of the variety of solutions that can achieve a task. Engineers use this phase of the process to figure out the solution that is necessary for maximum functionality and stability in the project.
Phase 4: Choose a plan During this phase of the process, begin to generate the initial plans for the project, remembering the amount of resources available. Create drawings and build models to visualize your thought processes. During this process keep all sketches and ideas generated documented in the engineering notebook. This documentation will provide a visual learning tool to evaluate the positive and negative components of each design. After all of the possible solutions have been evaluated, decide upon the best blueprint for the project. Engineers develop the initial plan of the project and think of ways to create it using the resources they have. Engineers document all sketches and drawings that they create for reference in their engineering notebook. This allows them to compare and contrast a variety of ideas from different designs. Most of the time this comparison allows engineers to create the solution that is necessary for the project. Once all of the possible solutions have been revealed, then a decision is made about the best solution that will suit the needs of the project.
Phase 5: Create In this phase of the process, begin to build the solution you have chosen with the resources for the project. Make sure you keep detailed sketches and photos in your engineering notebook for review. Create the fundamental moving parts of the project first to determine their functionality, then build the basic components. This initial creation of the solution will give you an official model to test and modify. Engineers build the essential components of the solution first to determine the functionality during this phase of the process. After those parts are created then the basic components of the entire project are added to see complete functionality of the entire solution. All designs are documented for review during this phase of the project.
Phase 6: Testing Throughout this phase of your project, detailed documentation and a variety of tests need to be completed to determine the actual functionality of your initial design. The information acquired through these tests will be essential to the design modifications necessary to improve the solution. The test results must be documented in the engineering notebook. The tests should be conducted in the actual environment of the product or conditions that are similar. During your testing, perform the actual functions of the solution to determine its effectiveness. This information will provide the feedback needed to create the best solution for your project. Engineers take their initial design of the solution through a series of functionality tests. These tests are designed and simulated in the actual environment the product will be functioning. The results of these tests are documented and evaluated to determine the efficiency of the solution. After evaluation engineers determine the components of the solution that need to be modified to make it more effective.
Phase 7: Redesign In this phase of the process, review the results thoroughly to ensure that your solution is providing the best results for the project. If one aspect of your solution is not functioning well, modify and recreate the design for the best results. The extra time you take modifying the intricate details of your solution will be beneficial. Document the modifications in your engineering notebook for reference. You may revert back to previous phases of this process several times before a final solution is achieved. This attention to detail will ensure the functionality of the solution and reduce maintenance issues in the future. Engineers review feedback gained through the testing phase and use it to make improvement modifications to the design of the solution. Engineers want to provide the solution that will offer the best results for the project. In this phase engineers refer to their engineering notebook about alternative design ideas and often revert back to previous phases of this process. The process is designed exactly for this reason because of the many difficulties that engineers encounter in a project.
Phase 8: Presenting In this phase of the process you present the final solution to your team and team leaders of the project for final approval. When they ask about the final decisions made about the development of the solution, give them the justified reasons from feedback gained through the testing phase of this process. This information will provide evidence and ensure the confidence in the team or whom ever the solution is for. This will also provide a platform to showcase the stability and functionality of the final solution. Engineers offer the final solution to be reviewed by managers and consultants for final approval. During this phase engineers are ready to answer questions about alternative designs and offer insight into why they chose the solution to complete the needs of the project.
Congratulations on your completion of this tutorial! Your engineering notebook should be complete and full of valuable information that you created throughout this entire process. Remember that the phases in this process are correlated because of the many difficulties you are going to encounter trying to develop solutions to projects.