Presentation on theme: "By Amber Wetzel and Ella McClarnon"— Presentation transcript:
1 By Amber Wetzel and Ella McClarnon Dulce et Decorum EstBy Amber Wetzel and Ella McClarnonOk I just randomly did a theme- if you want to change it to something cooler then go ahead. Also I am not awesome at powerpoints so idk. -Amber
2 Historical Context Wilfred Owens World War 1 Born/ raised in England enlisted in WW1 in 1915several injuries put him in a hospital met many influential peopleshot and killed in war 1 week before armistice was signedWorld War 1The "Chemists War"- New technologiesAmber
3 Title“Dulce et decorum est pro patria mori” means "it is sweet and right to die for one's country".The title, an apparently common phrase to boost morale (so assumed to be familiar to the reader), is used only at the end under the label of “the old lie”The title is ironic in that the author is suggesting through the poem that it is not honorable to die for ones countryElla
4 Poetry ReadingBent over, knees spread desperately for balance, coughing hard, we trudged through the sludge miserably.Men marched asleep. Many had lost their boots, but limped onward, covered in blood. All were handicapped or made blind, drunk with hunger, deaf even to the sound of falling gas shells behind.Bent double, like old beggars under sacks,Knock-kneed, coughing like hags, we cursed through sludge,Till on the haunting flares we turned our backsAnd towards our distant rest began to trudge.Men marched asleep. Many had lost their bootsBut limped on, blood-shod. All went lame; all blind;Drunk with fatigue; deaf even to the hootsOf tired, outstripped Five-Nines that dropped behindAmber reading- Ella teaching (4-7)
5 Gas! Quick, boys!- A frenzy of fumbling, barely getting gas masks on in time to avoid the gas. One person didn't get theirs on in time and is yelling and flailing like he’s on fire. Through the small windows of the gasp mask and the green fog of the chlorine gas, I saw him dying.Gas! GAS! Quick, boys!--An ecstasy of fumbling,Fitting the clumsy helmet just in time;But someone still was yelling out and stumblingAnd flound'ring like a man in fire or lime...Dim, through the misty panes and thick green light,As under a green sea, I saw him drowning
6 In all my dreams, before my helpless sight, He plunges at me, guttering, choking, drowning.Amber may or may not jump in during the teachingI see him often in my dreams, I helplessly watch as he dies in front of me.
7 If in some smothering dreams you too could pace Behind the wagon that we flung him in,And watch the white eyes writhing in his face,His hanging face, like a devil's sick of sin;If you could hear, at every jolt, the bloodCome gargling from the froth-corrupted lungs,Obscene as cancer, bitter as the cudOf vile, incurable sores on innocent tongues, --My friend, you would not tell with such high zestTo children ardent for some desperate glory,The old Lie: Dulce et decorum estPro patria mori.If in your nightmares you also could follow the wagon we flung his body in and watch his eyes writhing in pain, his tired face. You could hear, at every jolt of the wagon, blood come gargling up from his lungs, like a disease.If you saw and heard all this, you would not patriotically tell glory- wanting children the lie: “Dulce et decorum est pro patria mori”
8 ThemesUnlike the old latin motto, war is not a beautiful or glorious;it is miserable and mortifyingThis is shown through the whole poem; the descriptions of terrible injuries, tired soldiers, and unending wariness and fear give no resemblance to honorable, proud patriots.Because war is so terrible, children should not be encouraged to go to war and lose their lives.This extends into another theme through the last stanza, the line “My friend, you would not tell with such high zest To children ardent for some desperate glory, The old Lie”.Amber (after teaching?)
9 Connotation “And towards our distant rest began to trudge.” Melody: Use of the muted “t” consonant sound in the line slows down the reader’s pace, making them feel the trudging described in the line.Rhythm: The poem is loosely iambic pentameter, but breaks frequently on purpose.slowly disintegrates as poem continues, eventually nowhere to be seen in last linerelates to readers growing difficulty to understand horrors of warVarious forms of rhythm, through punctuation with periods, commas, and semicolons, also work to change how lines are read, often to add a limping or dramatic, isolated feel.As iambic pentameter breaks, it creates a rushed sense and adds to the setting being established.Imagery: Similes transform war scenes into more easily imagined, but just as horrific, images.“And towards our distant rest began to trudge.”first-"Bent double, like old beggars under sacks"vs.last-"The old Lie: Dulce et decorum est Pro patria mori. "Ella (Checking answers of audience, after teaching)“like old beggars under sacs” “coughing like hags” “like a man on fire” “like a devil’s sick of sin” “obscene as cancer”
10 ShiftA shift occurs after the second stanza. The third stanza is a couplet while the rest are 6-12 lines long.emphasises third stanza and subject matter. It makes the readerfeel in the moment with the author and stop to comprehend that is happening.more realistichelps the reader sympathize with authorAdds to vividnessAnother shift can be seen in the fourth stanza when the author shifts from the use of personal pronouns of me/we to you.shifts to the audiencechanges tone to more accusatorymakes audience directly confront issues“In all my dreams, before my helpless sight,He plunges at me, guttering,choking, drowning.”Amber(Stanza 2 Line 6) As under a green sea, I saw him drowning.In all my dreams, before my helpless sight,He plunges at me, guttering, choking, drowning.(Stanza 4 Line 1) If in some smothering dreams you too could pace(Stanza 3)
11 Attitude (tone)This poem in a way has two tones, as it switches purpose in the fourth stanza. In the first section of the poem, the tone is one of grievance, or a wariness of the past. This is shown in the painful, miserable descriptions of the war and the soldiers.At the fourth stanza, this wariness continues, but gains a cynical or accusatory tone as the reader is forced to compare their ideas of war with the reality presented to them. (This cynicalness reflects the modernist tendency for satire and questioning authority and old ideas.)Ella
12 Modernism Written in 1917 (Middle of WWI) Seen in Setting Questioning ValuesLeadership/government, meaning of warDefies common feelings of patriotismMy friend, you would not tell with such high zest/To children ardent for some desperate glory,Disillusionment with deathAnd watch the white eyes writhing in his face, /His hanging face, like a devil's sick of sin; /If you could hear, at every jolt, the blood/Come gargling from the froth-corrupted lungs, /Obscene as cancer, bitter as the cudSatirecynical toneAmber
13 PurposeThe poem has a dual purpose matching its tones; it originally expresses an emotional experience (trench warfare in WW1, and the memory of one man who didn’t escape the chlorine gas on time), but at the end uses this experience to make the reader reflect on life, especially the morality and meaning of war.FormEllaThe poem is an ode. It expresses deep thought on a serious topic, war.
14 BibliographyBrookshire, Sophia. "Analysis of Wilfred Owen's "Dulce Et Decorum Est"." Yahoo! Voices (2009): n.pag. Yahoo! Voices. Web. 25 Apr 2013.Holt, , Rinehart, and Winston. Elements of Literature Sixth Course Essentials of British and World Literature. Austin: Holt, Rinehart, and Winston, PrintShmoop Editorial Team. Shmoop.com. Shmoop University, Inc., 11 Nov Web. 25 AprAmber