COLOR IS THE REFLECTION OF LIGHT FROM A PIGMENTED SURFACE. COLOR IS THE PERSONALITY OF A DESIGN.
The Color Wheel The color wheel is divided into three categories: primary, secondary, and tertiary. The three primary colors are red, yellow and blue. These colors are considered to be foundation colors because they are used to create all other colors. By combining two of the primary colors, three secondary colors are formed. They are orange, green and violet. The six tertiary colors are made by combining a primary and an adjacent secondary color. These colors are red-orange, red-violet, yellow-green, yellow-orange, blue- green and blue-violet.
Cool and Warm Colors Colors are also divided into cool and warm categories. Warm colors are red, orange and yellow. The cool colors are green, blue and violet.
Warm Colors The warm colors are red, orange, yellow, and anything in between. They are called warm because they remind you of the sun or fire. Warm colors seem to come out at you in space.
Cool Colors The Cool colors are blue, green, purple and anything in between. They are called cool because they remind you of the earth or a cool creek. Cool colors seem to recede from you in space.
Neutrals Neutrals don't usually show up on the color wheel. Neutrals include black, white, gray, and sometimes brown and beige. They are sometimes called “earth tones.” There are a few different ways to make neutrals. You can blend black and white to make gray. You can create brown in two ways—by blending two complementary colors together or by blending all three primary colors together. Snow in New York by Robert Henri In Snow in New York, Robert Henri uses many different neutrals. You can see a few glimpses of red paint, but the overall effect is of natural browns, whites and grays--like those you might see in rocks, sand, dirt, or clay.
Color Terms Color Harmony: using colors in a pleasing way. Color Scheme: the make up of colors Hue: color, any color Intensity: the brightness and dullness of a color Value: the lightness or darkness of a color. Monochromatic: scheme consists of different values Analogous: colors are located next to each other on the wheel Complementary: colors that are directly across from each other on the color wheel
Hue Hue refers to the name of a color. For example red, blue, and purple are hues.
Intensity Intensity refers to the brightness or dullness of a color. An example is bright red (or dull red). When a hue is strong and bright, it is said to be high in intensity. When a color is faint, dull and gray, it is said to be low in intensity. Intensities of Green
Value Value is the lightness or darkness of a color. You can obtain different values by adding black or white to a color. A light color is called a tint of the original hue. For example, pink is a tint of red. To make a color darker in value, black is added. A dark color is called a shade of the original hue. Maroon is a shade of red. Here is an example of a value scale that has values ranging from the darkest dark, to the whitest white.
Value A tint of a color is made by adding white. A shade is made by adding black. Toning is made by adding gray.
Monochromatic Colors A monochromatic scheme consists of different values (tints and shades) of a single color. An example of a monochrome color scheme could include any color mixed with white or black. The example above is a green monochromatic color scheme. A shade of green is made by mixing green and black. A tint of green is made by mixing green and white.
Analogous Colors These colors are located next to each other on the wheel, such as: Blue, Blue-green, Green Red, Red-Orange, and Orange Analogous colors are sometimes called harmonious colors.
Complementary Colors Complementary colors are the colors that are directly across from each other on the color wheel Blue & Orange Red & Green Purple & Yellow