Presentation on theme: "Pop Art (1958 – 1975). Art history The Pop Art movement originated in England in the 1950s and traveled overseas to the United States during the 1960s."— Presentation transcript:
Art history The Pop Art movement originated in England in the 1950s and traveled overseas to the United States during the 1960s The term Pop art was first used by English critic, Lawrence Alloway in 1958 in an edition of Architectural Digest. He was describing all post-war work centered on consumerism and materialism, and that rejected the psychological allusions of Abstract Expressionism. An attempt to bring art back into American daily life, it rejected abstract painting because of its sophisticated and elite nature. The most recognized Pop Artist, Andy Warhol, used a photo-realistic, mass production printmaking technique called seriagraphy to produce his commentaries on media, fame, and advertising.
FAMOUS POP ARTISTS Leading Pop artists include : Andy Warhol Robert Rauschenberg Robert Rauschenberg Roy Lichtenstein Roy Lichtenstein John Chamberlain John Chamberlain
ANDY WARHOL (1928-1987 ) He was one of the most influential American artists of the 20th century Born in Pittsburgh, and he moved to New York at the age of twenty-one to become a commercial artist. Warhol began making paintings of familiar objects such as soup cans and brillo pads. His interest in popular culture expanded as he began to depict celebrities and newspaper clippings in his prints. Warhol also created films and worked with the rock band, The Velvet Underground.
ROBERT RAUSCHENGERG (1925 - ) After studying at the Kansas City Art Institute and the Black Mountain College in North Carolina, Robert Rauscenberg moved to Paris in 1948 to train at the Academie Julien. Early in his career, Rauschenberg collaborated with composer John Cage in a piece called Happenings. He then evolved from collages to paintings, working with a sole color, normally black, white, or red. This approach changed drastically in the 1950’s when Rauschenberg began to create controversial pictures that used unusual colors and a range of found junkyard objects.
ROY LIECHTENSTEIN (1923 – 1997) Born in New York, Roy Lichtenstein studied at the Art Student’s League and then the Ohio State University. From 1943 to 1946, he taught at the latter and then moved on to teach at New York State and Rutgers Universities. In 1949, Lichtenstein began exhibited his early work, which had strong influences of both Cubism and Abstract Expressionism. After meeting Allan Kaprow at Rutgers, he became interested in consumerism and American culture and spurred the development of the Pop Art movement.