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 Located above the kidneys like a hat for them.

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Presentation on theme: " Located above the kidneys like a hat for them."— Presentation transcript:


2  Located above the kidneys like a hat for them.

3  Corticosteroid: › Hydrocortisone (cortisol)-helps control the body’s use of fats, proteins, and carbohydrates › Corticosterone-suppresses inflammatory reactions in the body and also affects the immune system › Aldosterone- regulates level of sodium and potassium in the body and helps maintain blood pressure and volume. › Androgenic steroids- converted elsewhere in the body to female hormones and male hormones; however, these steroid hormones are produced in much larger amounts by the ovaries in women and testes in men.

4  The hormones affect the body’s metabolism, the blood, and certain characteristics of the body.  The adrenal glands effect the way energy is stored and food is used.  It is also the first line of defense to emotional and physical stresses.

5  The adrenal cortex is regulated by negative feedback involving the hypothalamus and adrenocorticotropic hormone.

6  Adrenal cortex is devoted to production of corticosteroid and androgen hormones.  ACTH from the anterior pituitary stimulates the release of steroids from the adrenal cortex.

7  Disorders occur when the adrenal gland doesn’t work properly. Disorders can occur and cause disorders depending on whether there is too many hormones or too little hormones produced.

8  Too many hormones:  Adrenal gland tumors- cause too many hormones to be released  Cushing’s syndrome- too much cortisol  Pituitary tumors- can cause too many.  Hyperaldosteronism- too much aldosterone. Too little hormones : Congenital Adrenal Hyperplasia (CAH)- prevents gland from producing enough. Addison’s disease- doesn’t make enough aldosterone.

9  Surgery can be performed to remove tumors or even to remove one or both adrenal glands.  Medication to stop the excess production of hormones.  Replacement hormones.

10  endocrinology/adrenal_glands_85,P00399/ endocrinology/adrenal_glands_85,P00399/  description description  nditioninfo/pages/treatment.aspx nditioninfo/pages/treatment.aspx  &espv=210&es_sm=122&source=lnms&tbm=isch&sa=X&ei= PSDTUp-- FrOzsQS23YDgDA&ved=0CAcQ_AUoAQ&biw=1600&bih=7 74#es_sm=122&espv=210&q=testosterone+shots&tbm=isch &espv=210&es_sm=122&source=lnms&tbm=isch&sa=X&ei= PSDTUp-- FrOzsQS23YDgDA&ved=0CAcQ_AUoAQ&biw=1600&bih=7 74#es_sm=122&espv=210&q=testosterone+shots&tbm=isch  ns&espv=210&es_sm=122&source=lnms&tbm=isch&sa=X& ei=aB7TUtPoD6XmsASqmYHwCw&ved=0CAcQ_AUoAQ&bi w=1600&bih=774#es_sm=122&espv=210&q=too+many+ho rmones+realese&tbm=isch&imgdii=_ ns&espv=210&es_sm=122&source=lnms&tbm=isch&sa=X& ei=aB7TUtPoD6XmsASqmYHwCw&ved=0CAcQ_AUoAQ&bi w=1600&bih=774#es_sm=122&espv=210&q=too+many+ho rmones+realese&tbm=isch&imgdii=_

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