Fast Shutter Speed 1/250, 1/500, 1/1000 The faster the shutter speed, the more likely it is that you will be able to “freeze” the subject ….but also the less light you are letting in Non-moving subject**
Slow Shutter Speed 1/4, 1/8, 1/16, 1/30 The slower the shutter speed, the more likely it is that your subject will be blurred ….but also the more light you are letting in
Safest Shutter Speeds No lower than 1/30-1/45 s If you must take a picture using a shutter speed of 1/30 or below than you need to use a tripod or set the camera on a flat surface.
Fast Shutter = Frozen in Time 1/250, 1/500 1/1000, ………..
How to Pan Set the shutter at about 1/45* Following the action while you are taking the picture Release the shutter and continue following the action
B The “B” on your shutter stands for bulb, this allows the shutter to stay open as long as your finger is on the camera Used mostly for night photography Use a tripod if you are using the B
Shutter Speed Control Mode -On the Cannons- TV -On the Fujifilms- S Combat the issue of under exposure with aperture* Where to find it on the camera
Shutter Speed Review Give me a thumbs (up down or in the middle) if… You remember what shutter speed is You remember what type of shutter speed to use if your subject is moving quickly (fast or slow) You remember what type of shutter speed lets in MORE light (fast or slow) You remember when you should use a tripod Bonus: Your remember what the “B” stands for Challenge: When in AV/ shutter speed control mode, what your camera changes to combat any exposure issues…..
APERTURE Aperture refers to the opening of a lens's diaphragm through which light passes. Controls how much light comes into the camera (the intensity of light) Film Camera Lenses
EYE get it! Works like an eye What happens to your pupil when you go in the dark? Your eye gets larger to let in more light What happens to your pupil when someone shines a flashlight at it? It gets smaller, doesn’t let as much light in
Aperture= F-Stop = lens opening F-stop = Focal length/Aperture diameter F-stop= F 2.8 – F 22
f/2 f/2.8 f/4 f/5.6 f/8 f/11 f/16 f/22 The f-stop with the LARGEST FRACTION is going to let in the MOST amount of light Fractions in Art?
The f-stop with the LARGEST FRACTION is going to let in the MOST amount of light f/2 f/2.8 f/4 f/5.6 f/8 f/11 f/16 f/22 1/2 is larger than 1/22 f/2f/22
What does changing the aperture do to the photograph?
Depth of Field The area of your photograph that is in sharp focus, the areas in front of and behind your subject
Large (Great) Depth of Field The subject and the background will be in focus Small Aperture hole – Think about Squinting Large Number – F/16 or F/22
Small (Shallow) Depth of Field The subject BUT NOT the background will be in focus Large Aperture Hole – Allowing more light Small Number – F/2.8 – F/4
How do Depth of Field and Aperture Work Together?
Aperture Control Mode -On the Canons- AV -On the fujifilms- A Combat the issue of under exposure with shutter* Where on the cameras…
Lets go to the commons! F /5.6 F/ 9 F/ 13 F /2.8 F/ 8 F /11
Aperture and Shutter Review Are the two things that control the amount of light that reaches the film You need a correct combination of both in order to let in the right amount of light Shutter speed controls the amount of time light has to enter the camera Aperture controls the amount of space light has to enter the camera Lets look at the cannons on MANUAL MODE
Manual Modes Get in groups around the cameras, no more than 3 people to a camera Canons first Now Fujifilms
Videos to Review Aperture and Shutter Speed shutter- http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=gnl55vfUChY aperture - http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=34ReeL-MBXk&list=PLp- znpQge8HxrllwXwn9B0Xxf1f7BQnXC&index=3 – depth of field one - http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=l3zdybilbCY&list=TLHI- fhf_0LvE01I3jffSFrG4_FTrHdxZVhttp://www.youtube.com/watch?v=gnl55vfUChY
Changing the Exposure To get the proper amount of light (your light meter reading in the middle) you change aperture and shutter speed. Reciprocal System- Once you know the correct combination of shutter and aperture, you can change one setting as long as you change the other setting to match it- i.e. let in the proper amount of light
ISO International Standards Organization It is how sensitive the camera is to light
ISO The HIGHER the ISO number ( FASTER film) the more sensitive the camera is to light, BUT the grainier the image The Lower the ISO number the less sensitive the camera is to light, BUT the clearer the image IDEAL film is 200/400 (less grainy) But you need good light
If outside and really bright, set it to 100 If outside and cloudy or dim, set to 200-400 If dark or inside, set it to 800 – 1600 There is a CATCH… grainy
Cannon components of exposure http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=no-zxb3cDio 3 basics of photography http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=6-NhJua5NFA http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=no-zxb3cDio http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=6-NhJua5NFA
Fill out the exposure Triangle and Chart http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=8SR4yg4irbo http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=8SR4yg4irbo