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Types of Retailers.

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Presentation on theme: "Types of Retailers."— Presentation transcript:

1 Types of Retailers

2 Retailing Retailing : Definition
Retailing is the set of business activities that adds value to the products and services sold to consumer for their personal or family use.

3 Retailing Retailing : Definition
In commerce, a retailer buys goods or products in large quantities from manufacturers or importers, either directly or through a wholesaler, and then sells individual items or small quantities to the general public or end user customers, usually in a shop, also called store. Retailers are at the end of the supply chain. Marketers see retailing as part of their overall distribution strategy.


5 STORE RETAILING Retail stores come in a variety of shapes and sizes, and new retail types keep emerging.  They can be classified by one or more of several characteristics   -Amount of service   -Product line   -Relative prices   -Control of outlets   -Type of store cluster 5

6 Retailers Are Classified By:
Retailing Self-service retailers Customers are willing to self-serve to save money Discount stores Limited-service retailers Most department stores Full-service retailers Salespeople assist customers in every aspect of shopping experience High-end department stores Specialty stores Retailers Are Classified By: Amount of service Product lines Relative prices Organizational approach 6

7 Level of Service Full Service Self Service Factory outlets
Warehouse clubs Exclusive stores Discount stores Notes: The level of service that retailers provide can be classified along a continuum, from full-service to self-service. 7

8 Amount of service: different products require different amounts of service, and customer service preferences vary. More services result in much higher operating costs, which are passed along to customers as higher prices. Self-service retailers increased rapidly in the US during the Great Depression in the 1930's.  Customers were willing to perform their own "locate-compare-select" process to save money.  Today, self-service is the basis of all discount operations, and typically is used by sellers of convenience goods (such as supermarkets) and nationally-branded, fast-moving shopping goods (such as catalog showrooms). 8

9 Retailing : Formats Limited service retailers, provide more sales assistance because they carry more shopping goods about which consumers need information.  Their increased operating costs result in higher prices. Full service retailers, such as specialty stores and first-class department stores, have salespeople to assist customers in every phase of the shopping process.  Full service stores usually carry more specialty goods for which customers like to be waited on.  They provide more liberal return policies, various credit plans, free delivery, home servicing, and extras such as lounges and restaurants. 9

10 Retailers Are Classified By:
Retailing Retailers Are Classified By: Specialty stores Narrow product lines with deep assortments Department stores Wide variety of product lines Supermarkets Convenience stores Limited line Superstores Food, nonfood, and services Amount of service Product lines Relative prices Organizational approach 10

11 Retailing : Formats Product line: retailers can also be classified by the depth and breadth of their product assortments: Specialty stores carry a narrow product line with a deep assortment within that line.   Examples include stores selling sporting goods, books, furniture, electronics, flowers, or toys.  Today, specialty stores are flourishing, due to the increasing use of market segmentation, market targeting, and product specialization. The depth of a product assortment refers to the number of different versions of each product that are offered for sale. The breadth of the assortment refers to the number of different products that the store carries Loft shoe , Chandana Saree shop 11

12 Retailing : Formats A department store carries a wide variety of product lines.  Each line is operated as a separate department managed by specialist buyers and merchandisers. Supermarkets are large, low-cost, low-margin, high-volume, self-service stores that carry a wide variety of food, laundry, and household products.  12

13 Retailing : Formats Convenience stores are small stores that carry a limited line of high-turnover convenience goods. These stores located near residential areas and remain open long hours, seven days a week.  Convenience stores must charge high prices to make up for higher operating costs and lower sales volume, but they satisfy an important consumer need. Consumers use convenience stores for "fill-in" purchases at off hours or when time is short, and they are willing to pay for the convenience. Stores attached to large housing complexes.   13

14 Retailing : Formats . Super markets
Super market Large , low cost  Low margin Food world, Subhiksha Superstores, combination stores, and hypermarkets are all larger than the conventional supermarket.  Many leading chains are moving toward superstores because their wider assortment allows prices to be 5-6% higher than conventional supermarkets'.  Combination stores are combined food and drug stores. 14

15 Retailers Are Classified By:
Retailing Discount stores Low margins are offset by high volume Off-price retailers Independent off-price retailers TJ Maxx, Marshall’s Factory outlets Levi Strauss, Reebok Warehouse clubs Sam’s Club, Costco Retailers Are Classified By: Amount of service Product lines Relative prices Organizational approach 15

16 Retailing : Formats Relative prices: retailers can also be classified by the prices they charge.  Most retailers charge regular prices and offer normal quality goods and customer service.  Some offer higher quality goods and service at higher prices.  Retailers that feature low prices include: Discount stores sell standard merchandise at lower prices by accepting lower margins and selling higher volume.  Occasional discounts or specials does not make a store a discount store.  A true discount store regularly sells its merchandise at lower prices, offering mostly national brands, not inferior good. 16

17 Retailing : Formats Off-price retailers have moved in to fill the low-price, high-volume gap.  They obtain a changing and unstable collection of higher-quality merchandise, often leftover goods, overruns, and irregulars at reduced prices from manufacturers or other retailers.  The three main types of off-price retailers are factory outlets, independents, and warehouse clubs. Off-price retailers buy at less than regular wholesale and charge customers less than retail. 17

18 A warehouse club is a retail store selling a small amount of merchandise in terms of variety. Since they have membership requirements, customers are usually members of the club, and pay an annual fee in order to continue their membership. The clubs are able to pass along savings in the form of low prices to their members because of the basic, no frills format of their stores, which look much different from traditional retail stores. 18

19 Retailers Are Classified By:
Retailing Retailers Are Classified By: Corporate chain stores Commonly owned / controlled Voluntary chains Wholesaler-sponsored groups of independent retailers Retailer cooperatives Groups of independent retailers who buy in bulk Franchise organizations Based on something unique Merchandising conglomerates Diversified retailing lines and forms under central ownership Amount of service Product lines Relative prices Organizational approach 19

20 Retailing : Formats Control of outlets:
About 80% of all retail stores are independents, accounting for 2/3 of retail sales.   Other forms of ownership include the corporate chain, the voluntary chain and retailer cooperative, the franchise organization, and the merchandising conglomerate. Chain stores are two or more outlets that are commonly owned and controlled, employ central buying and merchandising, and sell similar lines of merchandise 20

21 Retailing : Formats Control of outlets:
The chain store is one of the most important retail developments of this century.   Corporate chains appear in all types of retailing, but they are strongest in department, variety, food, drug, shoe, and women's clothing stores.  The size of corporate chains allows them to buy in large quantities at lower prices, and chains gain promotional economies because their advertising costs are spread out over many stores and over a large sales volume. Voluntary chains and retailer cooperatives given independents the buying and promotion economies they need to meet the prices of corporate chains 21

22 Retailing : Formats Control of outlets:
The great success of corporate chains caused many independents to band together under contractual associations.  The voluntary chain is a wholesaler-sponsored group of independent retailers that engages in group buying and common merchandising.  The retailer cooperative is a group of independent retailers that set up a jointly- owned central wholesale operations and conduct joint merchandising and promotion efforts.  22

23 Non-store Retailing Major Forms of Non-store Retailing
Automatic Vending Direct Retailing Direct Marketing Notes: Nonstore retailing is shopping without visiting a store. The major forms are shown here. 23

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