Phishing Associated to emails. It involves sending an email that looks as thought it comes from a legitimate organisation (such as banks). They usually have a link that would lead to a fake website where the user will be asked to provide information (both personal and financial). It can lead to Identity theft
Pharming It involves re-directing users from a genuine website to websites that allow a pharmer or hacker to access data from the user’s computer or network. Infecting a user’s computer with a virus Direct users to fake websites Hacker can record the details entered by a user
Spamming Spam is also known as junk mail. It is send to fill your inbox and it tends to be more of a nuisance than a security threat unless you open a spam email and follow the links they have in them. Your ISP probably has anti-spam filters and it may happen that legitimate emails are sent to your spam but by recognising the email account they will become legitimate.
Spyware It’s dangerous software that monitors and saves, in a file, all information typed on a user’s computer. The spyware then transmits the file to the person who installed the spyware. This could lead to passwords and important information being stolen.
Cookies Cookies are small amounts of text sent and received through the web browser as we search and visit websites. Cookies remember who you are and may welcome you to a website with a personalised greeting. They also store information about your habits. They can be useful when frequently visiting the same website and saving your login.
Cookies They can also be a nuisance because the allow other website to know what websites you frequently use and you can get unwanted suggestions of things you might be interested to buy or visit.
Viruses These are small programs that can invade your computer system and damage it. It is a piece of programming code that replicates itself and may corrupt or delete files and data. Some can erase or overwrite the hard disk with useless data
What to do? There are different ways of protecting your computer. Antivirus software Firewalls Be smart
Anti-virus An anti-virus is a software that can scan your computer’s memory, files that you accessed from the internet and email attachments. If it finds a virus it’s put into quarantine so it can no longer access and harm the rest of the computer.
firewalls A firewall is also a software that work in real time and forbids programs from accessing the user’s computer. It can also denied unauthorised sites and computers from gaining access to the users computer.
Be smart - Do not open emails of unknown users. - Do not access or download information from unknown websites. - If you downlaod any file from the internet run it through your anti-virus before you open it.