Presentation on theme: "Global Tourism Development"— Presentation transcript:
1 Global Tourism Development Achievement standard 3.7Introductory information
2 What do you know about Global Tourism? Prior Knowledge:What do you know about Global Tourism?France most visited place in worldEconomic breakdown/recession has impacted Global Tourism, it has slowedEuropeans, Asians and Americans are the main touristsThe Pacific is one of the fastest growing areas, great resorts, climate and price
3 Statistics and DataFrance is the MOST POPULAR destination in the world. Why?1950 = 25 million international arrivals2005 = 806 millionALL areas in the world have experienced growth, the most dramatic is has been in Asia and the Pacific, followed by the Middle East.
4 What hemisphere do you think most people like to go to? Why? Europe and the America’sshare 76% of the globalmarket shareIn 1950 they shared95%
5 PatternsIn 2001 there was a small decrease (0.5%) in the number of international tourist arrivals, why?In 2002 the number increased by 2.7%.Cheap airline flights in North America and Europe have kept growth high. ‘Do it yourself’ booking and planning has become more popular with the internet.
6 Tourism and the World Economy 6% of worldwide exports of goods and services is from international receiptsTourism demand depends strongly on economic conditions in generating markets.A generating market is the place tourists come from.
7 Income and TourismWhen economies grow (ours isn’t at the moment!), levels of income grow and a large amount of disposable incomes is spent on tourism.In other words, if you have spare cash, or can save money, you often spend it on a holiday.
8 GDP Gross Domestic Product The gross domestic product (GDP) or gross domestic income (GDI), a basic measure of a country's economic performance, is the market value of all final goods and services made within the borders of a nation in a year.
9 GDP and TourismWhen growth in country (GDP) exceeds 4%, the growth of tourism volume tends to be higher. When it falls, so does tourism growth.
10 Tourism 2020 VisionThis is a WTO’s (World Trade Organisation) long term vision, forecast and assessment of the first 20 years of this millennium.They predict patches of fast growth and ones of slow, the outcome being growth, but at a slower rate.
11 Psychocentric and Allocentric ‘P’sychocentric and ‘A’llocentric create differing patterns of concentration and dispersal.‘P’ enjoy tourist destinations that are familiar and have “western ammenities”‘A’ tourist are more adventurous and avoid mass areas like Disneyland
12 Predictions in Tourism By 2020, the top 3 regions will be Europe, followed by East Asia, then the Pacific.Long haul travel worldwide will grow faster. Why?Overall, growth is predicted to continue
13 What has caused this GROWTH? Living standards have improved worldwideLiteracy rates have improvedIncrease in personal incomesAgeing populationIncreased Leisure timeCan travel further, and faster
14 More GROWTH?Competitive industry, better prices and choice, eg, Samoa, Fiji, Tonga, Cooks?Rise in eco-tourismGreater interest in culturesALL OF THESE ARE PROCESSES
15 Significance of Global Tourism Development for People In 2003, Tourism accounted for 7.6% of world’s total employment (indirect)And a total of 10.2% of the world’s total GDPHowever, there are always positives and negatives of Tourism
16 Benefits/Positive Effects Revenue (money) for individuals and GovernmentsEmploymentLocal jobs, Local goodsPreservation of important sitesBeautificationRise in property value
17 Costs/Negative Effects Over reliance on the Tourist dollarSeasonal employmentMass produced souvenirs, tokenismCultures are dilutedCrime, drugs, prostitution (Thailand)Enclaves of tourism, or pockets of wealth or services that ‘only tourists can use’
18 Summary SlidesKey ideas:Patterns, Processes and Effects
19 What Patterns are seen in Global Tourism? All areas have experienced growthNorthern hemisphere continues to be strongTourist numbers have grownTourists like travelling to familiar, close to home placesAsia and Pacific has largest growthCountries with most cash (wealthy), do the most travelling
20 Future patternsAfrica will become more popular due to better long haul flightsMiddle East (ie Dubai) continue to be popularEurope and Americas will loose some of their popularity but remain as the top 2 destinations
22 AmazingThis places has the highest builders per capita. Dubai has literally designed and built its own environment
23 What Processes are involved in Global Tourism? Development (increased affluence)Increased awareness (internet, TV)Better transportation (long haul flights better and cheaper)Increasing range of tourism (eco, adventure, cultural, spa, learning)Better services (safety, food, accomm, infrastructureCompetition and Marketing (NZTB and ‘The Bachelor’
24 NZTB and ‘The Bachelor’ = clever promotion/marketing!!
25 What are the key effects? Changes at all levels; socio-cultural, economic, environmentalPollutionCultural resurgenceJobs and Economic DevelopmentBeautificationTokenism
26 Quote: Break it up into 3 parts Quote: Break it up into 3 parts. What does it mean if you had to discuss it?“Global tourism Growth and Development has significant impacts on people and places: socio-culturally, economically and environmentally. This effect can be positive or negative, as well as direct and indirect. The impacts can be on people and places, both tourism source and destination.”